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Nunan, D. (1991). Language teaching methodology: A textbook for teachers. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

O’Malley, J. M.&Pierce, L. V. (1996). Authentic assessment for English language teachers. Addison-Wesley.

PET Speaking Tests by University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate.

Richards, J. C. (2002). English for international communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Underhill, N. (1987). Testing spoken language: A handbook of oral testing techniques. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ur, P. (1996). A course in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Vu Thi Phuong Anh&Nguyen Thi Kim Thu (2003). He thong dinh chuan trinh do ngoai ngu cua Hoi dong Chau Au. In Hochiminh City University of Social Sciences and Humanities Workshop Record: Khoa hoc Xa hoi va Nhan van trong boi canh hoi nhap Quoc te (p. 270-277). Hochiminh City: Hochiminh City University of Social Sciences and Humanities.


Appendix 1: three achievement speaking tests used at tnu


Class: English K2000 – Term 1

Students are supposed to give a presentation about one of the following topics, then answer examiners’ two or three additional questions.

  1. Please introduce yourself. We would like to know about your birthplace, your age, and your family. How does your family help you in your study?
  2. Could you tell us about your daily activities and then your freetime activities? What are your likes and dislikes?
  3. Could you tell us about your new class and your new school? How did you feel when you first arrive here?
  4. Would you please describe the appearance of a special friend in your class? Why is he/she special to you?
  5. Who is the monitor of your class? What’s he like? What do you think of him as a monitor?
  6. Please describe your mother. Do you look like her? What kind of clothes does she often wear? Do you have the same way of dressing?
  7. Please describe your father’s character. What is his job? Do you often talk with him about your study and your friends?
  8. Where are you from? Could you tell us about some of the interesting places in your hometown?
  9. Please talk about your hometown. We would like to know about its location, the weather and the environment there.
  10. Could you tell us about life of people in your hometown? (population, their main jobs, their standard of living, their character...)
  11. What do you remember most about your childhood? Did you have a happy child hood?
  12. You are now a first-year student. Is there any difference between your life now and life when you were a highschool pupil?
  13. When do you think Christmas season begins? Could you describe the atmosphere around when Christmas is coming?
  14. Who is the most famous person at Christmas? Can you describe him? What kind of gift would you like him to give you?
  15. What did you do last Christmas? (Before, on Christmas Eve, on Christmas Day.) How did you feel?
  16. Lunar New Year Holiday is coming. How do you feel? What do you like most about it?
  17. What do you often do before the Lunar New Year Holiday? How do you feel at the very moment when the old year is out and the new year is in? what do you often do then?
  18. Could you tell us about some of the Vietnamese customs concerning the Tet Holiday?
  19. Are you superstitious? Could you give us some examples of your own superstition or your family superstition or the superstition of the Vietnamese people during the Tet Holiday?
  20. What do you often do on the three days of Tet? How do you feel on these days?

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
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