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The findings of the study also help to make suggestions for further research. The fact is that no specified syllabus is designed for speaking ability teaching at TNU and the same circumstance for the other three subjects – listening, reading and writing. Therefore, testing of the other abilities is really problematic, and this kind of research is necessary to increase the quality of the training program of the English Section as well as of the institution as a whole. Areas of research should be concerned with development of tests of the other abilities or skills, and development of syllabuses for teaching of all the four skills or abilities.

In conclusion, the study will hopefully be taken in account during the process of oral test development of TNU staff – test designers or teachers, assessors or examiners as well as test administrators. However, one limitation of this thesis is that the researcher has been unable to find out the method of quantifying the results gathered from the survey of the staff’s perceptions of oral language testing.

References

Alderson, J. C., Clapham, C.&Wall, C. (1995). Language test construction and evaluation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bachman, L. F. (1990). Fundamental considerations in language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bachman, L. F&Palmer, A. S. (1996). Language testing in practice: Designing and developing useful language tests. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

BEC – Business English Certificates Handbook (Revised syllabus). University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate.

Brown, H. D. (1994). Principles of language learning and teaching. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Regents.

Brown, H. D.&Gonzo, S. (1995). Readings on second language acquisition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Brown, G.&Yule, G. (1983). Teaching the spoken language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Butler, F. A. et al (2000). TOEFL 2000 speaking framework: A working paper. (TOEFL Monograph Series Report No. 20). Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.

Catt, C. (2003). IELTS Speaking: Preparation and practice. London: Longman.

Celce-Murcia, M.&Olshtain, E. (2000). Discourse and context in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cohen, A. D. (1996). Assessing language ability in the classroom. Massachusetts: Heinle&Heinle Publishers.

Davies, P. (2000). Success in English teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gillham, B. (2000). Developing a questionnaire. London and New York: Continuum.

Heaton, J. B. (1988). Writing English language tests. New York: Longman.

Heaton, J. B. (1990). Classroom testing. New York: Longman.

Hughes, A. (1989). Testing for language teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Madsen, H. S. (1983). Techniques in testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Metre, D. V. (2003). Let’s talk – Testing packet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McNamara, T. (2000). Language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nachmias, C. F.&Nachmias, D. (1996). Research methods in social sciences. New York: Oxford University Press.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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