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The findings of the study also help to make suggestions for further research. The fact is that no specified syllabus is designed for speaking ability teaching at TNU and the same circumstance for the other three subjects – listening, reading and writing. Therefore, testing of the other abilities is really problematic, and this kind of research is necessary to increase the quality of the training program of the English Section as well as of the institution as a whole. Areas of research should be concerned with development of tests of the other abilities or skills, and development of syllabuses for teaching of all the four skills or abilities.

In conclusion, the study will hopefully be taken in account during the process of oral test development of TNU staff – test designers or teachers, assessors or examiners as well as test administrators. However, one limitation of this thesis is that the researcher has been unable to find out the method of quantifying the results gathered from the survey of the staff’s perceptions of oral language testing.

References

Alderson, J. C., Clapham, C.&Wall, C. (1995). Language test construction and evaluation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bachman, L. F. (1990). Fundamental considerations in language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bachman, L. F&Palmer, A. S. (1996). Language testing in practice: Designing and developing useful language tests. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

BEC – Business English Certificates Handbook (Revised syllabus). University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate.

Brown, H. D. (1994). Principles of language learning and teaching. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Regents.

Brown, H. D.&Gonzo, S. (1995). Readings on second language acquisition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Brown, G.&Yule, G. (1983). Teaching the spoken language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Butler, F. A. et al (2000). TOEFL 2000 speaking framework: A working paper. (TOEFL Monograph Series Report No. 20). Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.

Catt, C. (2003). IELTS Speaking: Preparation and practice. London: Longman.

Celce-Murcia, M.&Olshtain, E. (2000). Discourse and context in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cohen, A. D. (1996). Assessing language ability in the classroom. Massachusetts: Heinle&Heinle Publishers.

Davies, P. (2000). Success in English teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gillham, B. (2000). Developing a questionnaire. London and New York: Continuum.

Heaton, J. B. (1988). Writing English language tests. New York: Longman.

Heaton, J. B. (1990). Classroom testing. New York: Longman.

Hughes, A. (1989). Testing for language teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Madsen, H. S. (1983). Techniques in testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Metre, D. V. (2003). Let’s talk – Testing packet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McNamara, T. (2000). Language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nachmias, C. F.&Nachmias, D. (1996). Research methods in social sciences. New York: Oxford University Press.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
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