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The findings of the study also help to make suggestions for further research. The fact is that no specified syllabus is designed for speaking ability teaching at TNU and the same circumstance for the other three subjects – listening, reading and writing. Therefore, testing of the other abilities is really problematic, and this kind of research is necessary to increase the quality of the training program of the English Section as well as of the institution as a whole. Areas of research should be concerned with development of tests of the other abilities or skills, and development of syllabuses for teaching of all the four skills or abilities.

In conclusion, the study will hopefully be taken in account during the process of oral test development of TNU staff – test designers or teachers, assessors or examiners as well as test administrators. However, one limitation of this thesis is that the researcher has been unable to find out the method of quantifying the results gathered from the survey of the staff’s perceptions of oral language testing.

References

Alderson, J. C., Clapham, C.&Wall, C. (1995). Language test construction and evaluation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bachman, L. F. (1990). Fundamental considerations in language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bachman, L. F&Palmer, A. S. (1996). Language testing in practice: Designing and developing useful language tests. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

BEC – Business English Certificates Handbook (Revised syllabus). University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate.

Brown, H. D. (1994). Principles of language learning and teaching. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Regents.

Brown, H. D.&Gonzo, S. (1995). Readings on second language acquisition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Brown, G.&Yule, G. (1983). Teaching the spoken language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Butler, F. A. et al (2000). TOEFL 2000 speaking framework: A working paper. (TOEFL Monograph Series Report No. 20). Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.

Catt, C. (2003). IELTS Speaking: Preparation and practice. London: Longman.

Celce-Murcia, M.&Olshtain, E. (2000). Discourse and context in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cohen, A. D. (1996). Assessing language ability in the classroom. Massachusetts: Heinle&Heinle Publishers.

Davies, P. (2000). Success in English teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gillham, B. (2000). Developing a questionnaire. London and New York: Continuum.

Heaton, J. B. (1988). Writing English language tests. New York: Longman.

Heaton, J. B. (1990). Classroom testing. New York: Longman.

Hughes, A. (1989). Testing for language teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Madsen, H. S. (1983). Techniques in testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Metre, D. V. (2003). Let’s talk – Testing packet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McNamara, T. (2000). Language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nachmias, C. F.&Nachmias, D. (1996). Research methods in social sciences. New York: Oxford University Press.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
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Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
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Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
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LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
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Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
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Rafiq
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Anam
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Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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