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5.1.1 recommendations for tnu development process of achievement speaking tests

The Pedagogy Department or the English Section should produce an official document including the following suggestions this thesis attempts to make as the first effort to standardise TNU current oral language testing. These recommendations for improving the current development procedure include:

  1. A rating/level scale
  2. A blueprint for development of TNU achievement speaking tests
  3. A standardisation meeting
  4. A supportive test taking environment
  5. Use of test results for teaching evaluation

5.1.1.1 rating/level scale

At this institution, as described in 4.1 – Chapter 4, there has never been an official level scale in English Section training programme in general, for speaking skill in particular. Now a specified level scale is the prerequisite for oral test development, therefore. Regarding to the level scale, the training of speaking skill at TNU includes 240 contact hours explicitly distributed to 6 terms, the first 4 of which are each allotted 45 contact hours, and the rest 2 of which have 30 contact hours. At the beginning of the course the students are supposed to be false-beginners, i.e. at post-elementary level in terms of speaking skill, since most of them, from rural areas and small towns, had no chance of exposure to English, and their English learning at high school just focussed on grammar, structure, vocabulary and reading skill. After 240 contact hours of training, the freshmen are expected to reach upper-intermediate level.

This thesis suggests using the level scale introduced in 2.4.1 on page 17 for TNU speaking skill training course as well as its oral language testing. This level scale, as maintained in 4.1.3 (Chapter 4), helps teachers and examiners to identify the level that best fits their students’ proficiency level, and thus design adequate test tasks that are valid for their designated purpose. Obviously, use of this level scale helps to increase test validity.

Elementary Pre-intermediate Intermediate Upper-intermediate
-introduce oneself and others.-ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has.-interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.-use very simple expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic family information, shopping, local geography, employment). -communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.-dsecribe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.-simply talk about familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. -use the language in most situations likely to arise when travelling in an area where the language is spoken.-make a simple connected presentation on topics which are familiar or of personal interest.-describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions.-briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. -interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers without strain for either party.-make a clear and detailed presentation on a wide range of subjects.-give opinions on topical issues and explain the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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