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At the end of one term the oral test administration takes place with three classes of 60 students on average. The test administration for one class is allotted half a day and each class is usually divided into two groups of about 30 students in two separate rooms. The time for test performance of each student is about 4 to 5 minutes, hence. During test administration every 5 students are called into to draw lots for test questions or tasks to make a preparation for 5 to 10 minutes. Then each student presents his/her preparation in front of two assessors. The two assessors often raise some questions related or perhaps unrelated to the student’s presentation. Sometimes the assessors do not ask any questions. The student’s final score is taken from the average of marks given by the two assessors. Meanwhile, the other students waiting for their turn are standing along the corridor and talking, that is to say a supportive testing environment is not maintained.

Last but not least, after all the students finish their performance, test results are analysed to grade the students. However, the teachers are not provided with and are not allowed to keep the list of students’ test scores. The oral test results at this institution are not thus used to either evaluate the effectiveness of the instructional programs or modify the teaching methods and materials.

TNU oral test development described above can be reviewed by means of the checklist (Table 4.1 on page 39), specially designed with the purpose of highlighting the strong and weak points of the current practices. The answer ‘Yes’ is ticked ‘’ and ‘No’ is crossed ‘×’.

1. Test Design Stage
Are the purposes of oral tests explicitly identified?
Which kind(s) do the oral tests include? Selection PlacementDiagnosisAchievement
Is a set of the TLU tasks presented? ×
Is there an official document including detailed instructions on students’ language proficiency levels? ×
Is there an official document including detailed instructions on construct or language ability to be measured? ×
Are there any criteria set for evaluating test quality? ×
2. Test Operationalization Stage
Are there any official guidelines on the number of test tasks to be included in a particular speaking test? ×
Are the specifications of each test task provided? ×
3. Test Administration
Are the assessors informed of how to mark the test tasks before the test is administered? ×
Is the testing environment well prepared? ×
Is a supportive test taking environment maintained? ×
Are the instructions for each test task made clear to the students?
Are the test tasks in use attached with any limitation of knowledge? ×
4. Use of Test ResultsIs the information from test results used for
...grading the students?
...evaluation of the effectiveness of instructional programmes? ×
...the teachers’ modification of teaching methods and materials? ×

Table 4.1: A checklist for Oral Test Development

Table 4.1 partially speaks for TNU current oral testing practices with many ‘×s’, which reveals impropriety in the speaking test development at this institution and undoubtedly indicates a big gap between practice and theory.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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