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Secondly, the investigation of TNU current oral testing also involved a survey of the English teaching staff’s perceptions of oral skill assessment. The survey was conducted in the form of questionnaires. The questionnaires were delivered to the respondents and collected one week later. The respondents were clearly informed of the purpose of the questionnaire.

The questionnaire (See Appendix 4) is written in Vietnamese to make sure that the respondents’ different extent of familiarity of some technical terms in language testing does not affect their understanding of the questions and thus distort their responses.

3.4 summary

Chapter 3 has raised the two research questions and described the research methods employed, particularly the subjects of the study, the data collection instruments used to serve the purposes of the study, and the way the study was conducted. The data collection instruments include a checklist for oral test development summarizing the oral test development process at TNU described, tape recordings of actual test performance used to supplement the operationalization and administration processes of achievement speaking tests, and questionnaires formulated to investigate the staff’s perceptions of oral testing. The data gathered from the study will be thoroughly analysed in the next chapter.

Chapter 4: results and discussion

Chapter 3 has outlined the two research methods used to carry out the study: the situation analysis and the questionnaire survey. The situation analysis is meant to evaluate the current oral test development at TNU while the survey is aimed at investigating the staff’s understanding of oral language testing. Chapter 4 is thus divided into two sections evaluating (1) the current development process of speaking tests and (2) the staff’s perceptions of oral skill assessment.

4.1 evaluation of tnu current development process of oral language tests

As previously mentioned, the analysis of TNU current development process of speaking tests and the observation of one real end-of-term speaking test are intended for the evaluation of the practices of developing speaking tests. This section (1) starts with a detailed review of the present development process of speaking tests summarized in the checklist, (2) presents the results gathered from the observation of the particular achievement speaking test, and (3) analyses the results in order to reach a conclusion of whether TNU current procedures for oral test development are consistent with the theoretical framework or not.

4.1.1 review of tnu current development process of oral language tests

Information regarding the existing practices of developing English speaking tests at TNU described in this sub-section plays an essential role in the critical evaluation of these practices. TNU current oral test development process is described in relation to such four main factors as (1) the test design stage, (2) the test operationalization stage, (3) the test administration stage, and (4) the use of test results.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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