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The questionnaire consists of 10 questions, 8 of which are used to elicit the teaching staff’s perceptions of oral testing. These 8 questions are developed based on the theory in oral language testing reviewed in Chapter 2. The other two concern the staff’s working experience, and their qualifications in language testing. The questions are as follows:

Questions 1 and 2 relate to the functions of spoken language and the communicative approach to measuring speaking skill.

Questions 3 and 4 relate to oral test types and elicitation techniques used in a test of speaking ability.

Question 5 relates to grading test tasks and validity.

Question 6 relates to the design and operationalization process of oral tests, and reliability.

Questions 7 and 8 relate to reliability of a test.

In general, questions 1 to 8 are close questions, and questions 9&10 are open-ended.

For questions 1 and 2, the respondents are required to arrange the options according to their level of priority. Question 3 requires 1 out of 4 options. Questions 4 and 5 require the respondents to tick the level(s) of language proficiency that the elicitation techniques and particular questions fit. Question 6 and question 8 allow more than one choice. For question 7, the respondents are required to choose 1 out of 3 options.

Questions 9 and 10 are meant to investigate possible sources of the differences in the subjects’ perceptions of oral language testing.

3.3 procedures

The study meant to investigate TNU current oral language testing practices involves two steps. Firstly, the reseacher analysed the development process of speaking tests at this institution from School Year 1998-1999 (,when the researcher started working at this institution,) up to now. The current practices are evaluated in order to point out the strengths and weaknesses based on Bachman and Palmer’s theoretical framework for test development reviewed in 2.3 (Chapter 2).

To ensure the reliability of the information from the analysis, one end-of-term speaking test was observed and tape-recorded. The information from this observation is particularly meant to confirm the evaluation of the test operationalization and administration stages. The test under observation was used for the second-year students at the end of Term 2 - School Year 2002-2003 (See Appendix 2). This test was administered in the morning on June 25th, 2003 at TNU. 10 students were chosen at random to be audio-recorded. Their performance was recorded in a tape and then transcribed (See the tapescript in Appendix 3).

There were 60 test takers altogether, and they were divided into 3 groups of 20 in 3 separate rooms. However, because of the time limitation and the simultaneity of the 3 groups, only 10 of them were chosen at random for recording. Each group was conducted by 2 assessors. The students drew lots for the test task or topic to prepare for 5 to 10 minutes before performing it. The test consisted of 8 topics altogether (See Appendix 2). Both the assessors and the students were unaware of being recorded.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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