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3.2.1 the checklist

The situation analysis with a checklist (as seen on page 31) that has been developed based on Bachman and Palmer’s framework for test development reviewed in 2.3 involved such four factors as (1) the test design stage, (2) the test operationalization stage, (3) the test administration stage, and (4) the use of test results.

1. Test Design Stage
Are the purposes of oral tests explicitly identified?
Which kind(s) do the oral tests include? Selection PlacementDiagnosisAchievement
Is a set of the TLU tasks presented?
Is there an official document including detailed instructions on students’ language proficiency levels?
Is there an official document including detailed instructions on construct or language ability to be measured?
Are there any criteria set for evaluating test quality?
2. Test Operationalization Stage
Are there any official guidelines on the number of test tasks to be included in a particular speaking test?
Are the specifications of each test task provided?
3. Test Administration
Are the assessors informed of how to mark the test tasks before the test is administered?
Is the testing environment well prepared?
Is a supportive test taking environment maintained?
Are the instructions for each test task made clear to the students?
4. Use of Test ResultsIs the information from test results used for
...grading the students?
...evaluation of the effectiveness of instructional programmes?
...the teachers’ modification of teaching methods and materials?

3.2.2 the observation

Observation of a particular achievement speaking test is expected to help collect evidence that supplements the analysis of the current oral test development process, namely the operationalization and administration stages. The observation enables the researcher to directly collect data firsthand, and the data gathered describes the observed phenomena as they take place in their natural settings (Nachmias, 1996, p.206); therefore, this kind of information is surely of great reliability.

The observation focused on the oral test type(s) with underlying elicitation techniques being used (See Appendix 2), time spent on the students’ test performance, and interaction between the assessors and test takers recorded in a tape and then transcribed (See Appendix 3).

3.1.3 the questionnaire

In order to elicit TNU staff’s perceptions of oral language testing, questionnaires were formulated, and then delivered to the staff members. Questionnaires, in this thesis, are chosen as an adequate way to well elicit respondents’ knowledge, for the respondents are not put under pressure of time, i.e. they answer questions in their own time and at their own pace, and in an anonymous style of responding they undoubtedly feel free and comfortable to answer questions (Gillham, 2000; Nachmias, 1996).

The respondents include 12 English language teachers of TNU, who are involved in the development process of oral tests. They are at the age of 27 to 50. They all had tertiary training in language teaching in different educational institutions throughout Vietnam.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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