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  • nerd
  • cool
  • dishy
  • Write down five other slang words that you and your friends use regularly, and give their meaning in Standard (“normal”) English.
  • What is e-trading?
  • What do you think of the name Thawte Consultancy? Can you guess what the word-play is that is probably involved?
  • Mention one adjective that comes to your mind to describe Mark Shuttleworth when you read the last paragraph. Fill in the word:

He is ________


He is a(n) _________person.

LO 1.3
LO 5.2
LO 6.8

Activity 2

Your educator will read out a passage for you to write down from the above text, as dictation. Exchange passages with one of your classmates and check whether it has been written correctly. If you have made any mistakes, check the words carefully so that you will know how to write them in future.

LO 4.6

On 25 April 2002 Mark Shuttleworth became the first South African – in fact, the first African – in space and in so doing realized his dream. President Thabo Mbeki had this to say about Mark’s great venture:

By realizing his childhood dream, he showed

us the possibility of achieving the impossible.

He is the embodiment of the optimism and trust

of a nation for whom not even the stars are the limit.

(Freely translated from Rapport , 28 April 2002.)

In South Africa, Freedom Day (27 April 2002) was celebrated with a “space conversation”. In his first conversation from space, Mark Shuttleworth spoke directly from the international space station with President Mbeki, who was attending Freedom Day celebrations in Bloemfontein.

Source: Die Burger , 27 April 2002.

“I hope you will all be looking up at the African sky and smiling when we come flying overhead,” were Mark’s words as he spoke to the president during a video link-up between the International Space Station and the Free State rugby stadium. He went on: “I had moments of terror; moments of sheer upliftment and exhilaration. I have truly never seen anything as beautiful as the Earth from space and I can’t imagine anything that could surpass that.”

Shuttleworth was wearing a Bafana Bafana jersey as he spoke. “I was able to see a magnificent sunset and sunrise over central Africa over the last day.” He jokingly said that he would have worn a Springbok rugby jersey if he had known that the president would be speaking to him from a rugby stadium.

A proud President Mbeki said that the whole continent “will be proud that at last we have one of our own people, from Africa, up in space, taking part in cutting-edge developments with regard to science and technology”.

This was a moment of great patriotism, but also of pride in being an African. Small wonder that it did not take the media long to coin the phrase: “Shuttleworth - the first Afronaut”.

Another interesting word that was coined, was printed in the Burger of 2 May 2002. The headlines of a report about Shuttleworth’s intention of bringing a replica of the spacecraft back to South Africa with him, read: “Boeranof bring eie Sojoes terug.” Don’t you think it is quite clever?

Source: Rapport , 28 April 2002

Activity 3

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11019/1.1
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