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    Topics covered in this chapter

  • Prerequisites and text books
  • Scalar, vector and tensor fields
  • Curves, surfaces, and volumes
  • Coordinate systems
  • Units
  • Continuum approximation
  • Densities, potential gradients, and fluxes
  • Velocity: a measure of flux by convection
  • Density
  • Species concentration
  • Energy (heat)
  • Porous media
  • Momentum
  • Electricity and Magnetism

Introduction

This course is designed as a first level graduate course in transport phenomena. Undergraduate courses generally start with simple example problems and lead to more complex problems. With this approach, the student must learn the fundamental principles by induction. The approach used here is to teach the fundamental principles and then deduce the analysis for example problems. The example problems are classical problems that should be familiar to all Ph.D. Chemical Engineering graduates. These problems will be presented not only as an exercise with analytical or numerical solutions but also as simulated experiments which are to be interpreted and graphically displayed for presentation.

Prerequisites and text books

Students in this class are expected to have a background corresponding to a BS degree in Chemical Engineering. This includes a course in multivariable calculus, which covers the algebra and calculus of vectors fields on volumes, surfaces, and curves of 3-D space and time. Courses in ordinary and partial differential equations are a prerequisite. Some elementary understanding of fluid mechanics is expected from a course in transport phenomena, fluid mechanics, or physics. It is assumed that not all students have the prerequisite background. Thus, material such as vector algebra and calculus will be briefly reviewed and exercise problems assigned that will require more reading from the student if they are not already familiar with the material.

The two required textbooks for this course are R. Aris, Vectors, Tensors, and the Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics and Bird, Stewart, and Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena . Several of the classical problems are from S. W. Churchill, Viscous Flows, The Practical Use of Theory . The classical textbook, Feyman, Leighton, and Sands, The Feyman Lectures on Physics, Volume II is highly recommended for its clarity of presentation of vector fields and physical phenomena. The students are expected to be competent in MATLAB, FORTRAN, and EXCEL and have access to Numerical Recipes in FORTRAN .

The following table is a suggested book list for independent studies in transport phenomena.

Transport phenomena book list
Author Title Publisher Year
L.D. Landau andE. M. Lifshitz Fluid Mechanics, 2 nd Ed. Butterworth 1987
V. G. Levich Physicochemical Hydrodynamics Prentice-Hall 1962
S. Chandrasekhar Hydrodynamics and Hydromagnetic Stability Dover 1961
H. Schlichting Boundary Layer Theory McGraw-Hill 1960
H. Lamb Hydrodynamics Dover 1932
S. Goldstein Modern Developments in Fluid Dynamics Dover 1965
W. E. Langlois Slow Viscous Flow Macmillan 1964
J. Happel, H. Brenner Low Reynolds Number Hydrodynamics Kluwer 1973
G. K. Batchelor An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics Cambridge 1967
S.-I. Pai Viscous Flow Theory I Laminar Flow Van Nostrand 1956
M. Van Dyke Perturbation Methods in Fluid Mechanics Academic Press 1964
S. W. Churchill Inertial Flows Etaner 1980
S. W. Churchill Viscous Flows Butterworths 1988
R. F. Probstein Physicochemical Hydrodynamics Butterworth-Heinemann 1989
S. Middleman An Introduction to Fluid Dynamics John Wiley 1998
S. Middleman An Introduction to Mass and Heat Transfer John Wiley 1998
E. L. Koschmeider Benard Cells and Taylor Vortices Cambridge 1993
W.-J. Yang Handbook of Flow Visualization Taylor&Francis 1989
W.-J. Yang Computer-Assisted Flow Visualization CRC Press 1994
A. J. Chorin Computational Fluid Mechanics Academic Press 1989
A. J. Chorin, J. E. Marsden A Mathematical Introduction to Fluid Mechanics Springer-Verlag 1993
L. C. Wrobel,C. A. Brebbia Computational Modeling of Free and Moving Boundary Problems, Vol. 1 Fluid Flow Computational Mechanics Publications 1991
M. J. Baines,K. W. Morton Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics Oxford 1993
W. E. Schiesser,C. A. Silebi Computational Transport Phenomena Cambridge 1997
N. Ida, J. P. A. Bastos Electro-Magnetics and Calculation of Fields Springer 1997
L. G. Leal Laminar Flow and Convective Transport Processes Butterworth 1992
W. M. Deen Analysis of Transport Phenomena Oxford 1998
C. S. Jog Foundations and Applications of Mechanics, Vol. I, Continuum Mechanics CRC Press 2002
C. S. Jog Foundations and Applications of Mechanics, Vol. II, Fluid Mechanics CRC Press 2002
T.J. Chung Computational Fluid Dynamics Cambridge 2002
R. J. Kee, M.E. Coltrin, P. Glarborg Chemically Reacting Flow Wiley - Interscience 2003
Z.U.A. Warsi Fluid Dynamics; Theoretical and Computational Approaches Taylor&Francis 2006
Y. A. Cengel and J. M. Cimbala Fluid Mechanics; Fundamentals and Applications McGraw Hill 2006

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, Transport phenomena. OpenStax CNX. May 24, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11205/1.1
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