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Die eerste verpakking se inligting is met die hand daarop aangebring en dit het baie lank geduur. Selfs die papier waarvan die verpakking gemaak is, is met die hand gemaak.

Aan die einde van die vyftiende eeu is masjiene ontwerp wat papier kon maak en ook kleurvolle ontwerpe daarop kon aanbring. Dit het die verpakking baie goedkoper en bruikbaarder vir die kommersiële mark gemaak.

Deesdae verpak groot vervaardigers hul produkte self met masjiene wat nie net die verpakking maak nie, maar ook hul inhoud weeg, vol maak en verseël.

Opdrag 20

Weet jy hoe papier gemaak word? Voorsien die volgende skets van die proses met die letter wat langs die korrekte beskrywing staan. Skryf die letters in die gegewe blokkies.

  1. ‘n Groot rol papier word verkry.
  2. Die pulp word met bleikmiddels gemeng.
  3. Die papier word verhit deur rollers sodat dit kan droog word.
  4. Die pulp word geskud sodat die vesels aan mekaar kan vassit.
  5. Rollers druk die pulp om die oorblywende water te verwyder en dit verder saam te pers.
  6. Klein stukkies hout en water word verhit sodat dit ‘n pulp vorm.


[LU 3.1]

Opdrag 21

Aan die opvoeder .

Onderneem ‘n uitstappie met u leerders na die plaaslike drukkery of ‘n fabriek wat verpakkingsmateriaal vervaardig.

[LU 3.1]


‘n Houer is die mees algemeen gebruikte vorm van verpakking. Die eerste houers is van hout gemaak, maar omdat dit so moeilik is om inligting op hout te druk, is inligting op papier gedruk en op die houthouers geplak. Deesdae word meestal houers van karton gebruik. Die inligting word dan direk op die karton aangebring.

Moderne kartondose word ontwerp in baie interessante vorms en groottes. Dit is nie net die inligting op die kartondose wat op ‘n kreatiewe wyse aangebring is nie, maar die vorm van die kartondose is self indrukwekkend.

Watter vorm van kartondoos is die algemeenste?

Deesdae verpak sekere voedselfabrieke hul ware in versierde blikke, aangesien blikke ook al versamelaarsitems geword het. Dan word die artikel nie noodwendig vir die inhoud gekoop nie, maar vir die verpakking!

Dit was na aanleiding van die maak van versierde blikke vir koekies in die 1800’s dat mense besef het dat blikke ideaal is vir die bewaring van voedsel. So het die inmaakbedryf ontstaan. Hierdie blikke word meestal voorsien van papieretikette en word na gebruik weggegooi.


LO 1


The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies.

We know this when the learner:


1.2 finds out about existing products relevant to a problem, need or opportunity, and identifies some design aspects (e.g. who it is for, what it looks like, what it is for, what it is made of);

1.3 performs, where appropriate, scientific investigations about concepts relevant to a problem, need or opportunity using science process skills;


  • writes or communicates, with assistance, a short and clear statement (design brief) related to a given problem, need or opportunity that demonstrates some understanding of the technological purposes of the solution;


1.7 outlines a plan that shows the steps for making, including drawings or sketches of main parts;

1.8 uses suitable tools and materials to make products by measuring out, cutting or separating, shaping or forming, joining or combining, and finishing the chosen material;


1.11 evaluates the plan of action followed and suggests improvements and modifications if necessary;


1.12 produces labelled two-dimensional drawings enhanced with colour where appropriate.

1.13 uses appropriate technologies to produce presentations that record and communicate the design process (e.g. simple portfolio, posters, charts, models).

LO 2


The learner will be able to understand and apply relevant technological knowledge ethically and responsibly.

We know this when the learner:


  • demonstrates knowledge and understanding of different types of structures (e.g. frame, shell, solid), and of the relationship between materials and the load a structure of a product can support.

LO 3


The learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the interrelationships between science, technology, society and the environment.

We know this when the learner:

Indigenous Technology and Culture:

3.1 recognises how products and technologies have been adapted from other times and cultures;

Impact of technology:

  • identifies possible positive and negative effects of scientific developments or technological products on the quality of people’s lives and/or the health of the environment.


Opdrag 1

(a) mandjie

(b) kartondoos vir appels

(c) boekrak

(d) ‘n kamer

(e) ‘n brug

Opdrag 2

Sketse a) ‘n voorwerp b) ‘n persoon c) ‘n krag

Opdrag 3

(a) laat

(b) keer

(c) rigting

(d) spoed

(e) vorm

Opdrag 4

(a) laste

(b) sterkte / gewig

Opdrag 5

(a) stootkrag / drukkrag

(b) trekkrag

druk- / stoot- of trektoestand

Opdrag 6


(a) materiaal

(b) grootte

(c) vorm

(d) manier

sterk, stewig, stabiel

Opdrag 7A


Opdrag 9

Die riffels verstek die struktuur en maak dat die struktuur sy eie gewig en dié van enige moontlike las kan dra.

Opdrag 10

(a) stutte ankers

(b) grondvlak

(c) grondvlak swaarder


Opdrag 11

(a) raam

(b) dop

(c) solied

(d) raam

(e) dop

(f) solied

(g) dop

(h) solied

(i) dop

(j) raam

Opdragte 12 en 13

Antwoorde word bepaal deur die prente/sketse

Opdrag 14

(a) balk

(b) balk


(c) balk



Opdrag 15

Die antwoord hang van die skets af.

Opdrag 16

(a) koker

(b) kleipot

(c) velsak

(d) velsak

(e) kleipot

(f) kleipot

(g) takskerm

Opdrag 17

Nee, natuurlike stowwe wat in die natuur vergaan, want hulle is bo-afbreekbaar (gebruik eie diskresie)

Opdrag 18A

(a) 6

(b) 3

(c) 12

(d) 8

(e) 3 (hang af van tipe dosie)

Opdragte 18B en C

Hang af van tipe boksie wat gebruik word.

Opdrag 19

Hang af van die tipe boksie wat gebruik word.

Opdrag 20

1. F

2. B

3. D

4. E

5. C

6. A

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Tegnologie graad 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10978/1.2
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