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Severe side effects

More serious side effects occur very rarely. The risk of a serious complication from a disease is far greater than the risk from avaccine.

Research is currently under way to better understand which reactions may be caused by vaccines and how to reduce even further thealready low risk of complications.

Severe reactions to immunizations, such as a very high fever [over 104.5°F (40.28°C)]or difficulty breathing, are rare. If you or your child has an unusual reaction, notify your health professional.

How effective are immunizations at preventing disease?

Although no vaccine is 100% effective, most routine childhood immunizations are effective for 85% to 95% of the children whoreceive them.

Some people do not develop complete immunity even when they have had the vaccine. If these people are exposed to the disease, theyare likely to become infected. However, symptoms are usually milder as a result of having had the vaccine.

Can vaccines cause other diseases?

Some people have voiced concern about vaccines that contain thimerosal, a mercury compound additive that kills bacteria.

Some people believe that the thimerosal or other components of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine can cause autism.Symptoms of autism often are first noticed around 1 year of age. Because children also receive the MMR vaccine around their first birthday, somepeople assume there is a link. However, recent studies have found no scientific proof linking adverse effects (such as autism) withthimerosal.

Measles, mumps, and rubella are potentially serious diseases that can cause permanent damage and disability to a child,possibly even death.2, 3 A child who does not have the MMR vaccine is at a much greater risk for developing measles, mumps, or rubella than he or she is fordeveloping autism.

Should I get additional immunizations for protection against possible bioterrorism?

The possibility that biological weapons exist has alarmed many people. In response to the potential threat of these weapons,the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends vaccinations for some people against anthrax and smallpox.

Anthrax recommendation

Anthrax vaccinations are recommended for some laboratory workers, people who work with animals imported from locationswithout adequate safety standards (such as veterinarians who travel to work in other countries), and certain military personnel. Pregnant womenin any of these categories should be vaccinated only if necessary. Anthrax vaccination is not recommended for the general public because of their lowrisk of infection, and because supplies of the vaccine are very limited.

Smallpox recommendation

Smallpox vaccination recommendations are under review. At this time, vaccination is not recommended for the generalpublic. The U.S. government recommends the vaccine for:

  • Laboratory workers who directly handle cultures or animals contaminated or infected with viruses in the same family as smallpox.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Health education course. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10330/1.1
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