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Severe side effects

More serious side effects occur very rarely. The risk of a serious complication from a disease is far greater than the risk from avaccine.

Research is currently under way to better understand which reactions may be caused by vaccines and how to reduce even further thealready low risk of complications.

Severe reactions to immunizations, such as a very high fever [over 104.5°F (40.28°C)]or difficulty breathing, are rare. If you or your child has an unusual reaction, notify your health professional.

How effective are immunizations at preventing disease?

Although no vaccine is 100% effective, most routine childhood immunizations are effective for 85% to 95% of the children whoreceive them.

Some people do not develop complete immunity even when they have had the vaccine. If these people are exposed to the disease, theyare likely to become infected. However, symptoms are usually milder as a result of having had the vaccine.

Can vaccines cause other diseases?

Some people have voiced concern about vaccines that contain thimerosal, a mercury compound additive that kills bacteria.

Some people believe that the thimerosal or other components of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine can cause autism.Symptoms of autism often are first noticed around 1 year of age. Because children also receive the MMR vaccine around their first birthday, somepeople assume there is a link. However, recent studies have found no scientific proof linking adverse effects (such as autism) withthimerosal.

Measles, mumps, and rubella are potentially serious diseases that can cause permanent damage and disability to a child,possibly even death.2, 3 A child who does not have the MMR vaccine is at a much greater risk for developing measles, mumps, or rubella than he or she is fordeveloping autism.

Should I get additional immunizations for protection against possible bioterrorism?

The possibility that biological weapons exist has alarmed many people. In response to the potential threat of these weapons,the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends vaccinations for some people against anthrax and smallpox.

Anthrax recommendation

Anthrax vaccinations are recommended for some laboratory workers, people who work with animals imported from locationswithout adequate safety standards (such as veterinarians who travel to work in other countries), and certain military personnel. Pregnant womenin any of these categories should be vaccinated only if necessary. Anthrax vaccination is not recommended for the general public because of their lowrisk of infection, and because supplies of the vaccine are very limited.

Smallpox recommendation

Smallpox vaccination recommendations are under review. At this time, vaccination is not recommended for the generalpublic. The U.S. government recommends the vaccine for:

  • Laboratory workers who directly handle cultures or animals contaminated or infected with viruses in the same family as smallpox.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Health education course. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10330/1.1
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