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Sosiale wetenskappe: aardrykskunde

Graad 8

Nedersettings

Module 1

Grondgebruikpatrone

  • Die ontstaan en funksies van nedersettings is verskillend. Ons gaan kortliks kyk na die verskillende tipes grondgebruik in ‘n dorp of stad in Suid-Afrika.
  • Suid Afrika bestaan uit stedelike gebiede wat dig bevolk is. Dit sluit in dele soos Gauteng en die Kaapstadse Metropool. Die Nelson Mandela Metropool wat Port Elizabeth, Uitenhage en Despatch insluit, is ook ‘n gebied met ‘n groot getal inwoners. Daarteenoor is daar dele van die land wat maar baie yl bevolk is. Kan jy aan so ‘n streek dink? ……….. Dalk die Noord-Kaap Provinsie. Daar is dorpies waar die bevolkingsdigtheid besig is om te daal. Dit is deels te wyte aan die ontvolking van die platteland, weens die trek- en stootfaktore waarvan julle reeds geleer het.
  • In ‘n dorpie soos Hofmeyr in die Oos-Kaap is daar slegs sowat vyfhonderd inwoners. Baie besighede in die dorpie het al gesluit. Daar is nie genoeg koopkrag om die besighede winsgewend te maak nie. Selfs die banke het al hulle deure gesluit. Dit het ook ‘n invloed op die pryse van huise. Die pryse het oor die afgelope paar jaar skerp gedaal. Baie eienaars sukkel om hulle huise verkoop te kry. Hulle moet dit byna weggee om daarvan ontslae te raak.

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om inligting uit bronne te interpreteer en vrae daaroor te beantwoord

[lu 2.1]

1. Waarom dink jy groei sommige stedelike gebiede, terwyl ander (veral op die platteland) stagneer?

2. Beskryf die term “ontvolking.”

3. Watter probleme ondervind die eienaars van eiendomme op die platteland waar die dorpe besig is om te ontvolk?

4. Dink jy daar is ‘n verband tussen die ontvolking van die platteland en die druk op die stedelike gebiede vir die verskaffing van behuising en ‘n infrastruktuur?

1. Verskillende grondgebruiksones in die stad

Indien julle na ‘n kaart van ‘n dorp of stedelike gebied sou kyk, is dit duidelik dat nie al die grondgebied dieselfde funksie vervul nie. Daar is verskillende funksies in ‘n stad, wat ook op verskillende plekke in die stad aangetref word. So word die nywerhede gewoonlik op die rande van die stad aangetref, terwyl die hoofkantore van groot organisasies nader aan die sakekern geleë is.

Bloemfontein

Daar is verskillende behoeftes in ‘n stad, so daar sal verskillende besighede, instansies of persone wees wat in die behoeftes voorsien. Dink byvoorbeeld aan sport. Watter geriewe is in jou omgewing wat vir sport aangewend word?

Daar is ook ander funksies wat in die stad voorkom. Kom ons kyk na tipiese grondgebruiksones in ‘n stad:

1.1 Sentrale Sakekern (SSK)

  • Die Sentrale Sakekern is die hart van ‘n stad en het ‘n kommersiële funksie. Dit kom in alle stede voor. Die SSK is gewoonlik geleë sodat dit toegang bied tot al die vernaamste verkeersroetes. Grond en persele is gewoonlik baie duur in die Sentrale Sakekern, daarom vind ‘n mens meestal hoë geboue in die SSK. Die SSK in ‘n stad mag egter met die tyd verskuif soos die stad uitbrei. In Port Elizabeth byvoorbeeld was die SSK eers naby aan die hawegebied geleë. Nou het die gebied egter verskuif na Kaapweg, wat verder weg is van die oorspronklike SSK.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11035/1.1
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