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  1. PREREQUISITES FOR THINKING AND LEARNING

BASIC COMPONENTS OFDEVELOPMENT AND GENERALACTIVITIES THAT STIMULATEDEVELOPMENT

Integration occurs when the above-mentioned basic components of development operate in an integrated manner.

The palm forms the basis for the hand.

The above sketch represents the basic components of development. This is important because it provides information regarding the learner’s development.

Sensori-motor development:

Has the learner attained the motor development milestones at the expected age? Are there serious developmental handicaps?

Physical and social factors

Does the learner suffer from any physical disabilities that retard his progress, e.g. deafness? Does the learner have developmental handicaps, e.g. deprivation or differences related to background?

  • MOTOR DEVELOPMENT

The motor development of the child helps him / her to maintain a healthy and balanced lifestyle. A motor development handicap can lead to tiredness, which may contribute to restlessness, distractibility, poor concentration and problems with coordination. His / her physical body position on the carpet or at the desk may also be unsatisfactory.

  • GROSS MOTOR SKILLS (coordination of the large muscles of the body)

Examples of activities:

  • Climbing activities
  • Jumping activities (ball games and skipping with a rope)
  • Balancing activities (skipping, balancing on one leg, hopping on one leg, walking along a line)
  • FINE MOTOR DEVELOPMENT (coordination of the small muscles of the body)

Examples of activities:

  • Crumpling paper
  • Using a pair of scissors for cutting, and colouring in
  • Stringing beads, using clothes-pegs
  • Playing with clay / tying shoe-laces
  • MOTOR PLANNING (Understanding instructions with a motor component and the automatic execution of non-habitual tasks)

Poor motor planning can result in poor working tempo and clumsiness and can extend the time that the learner needs to master new learning skills.

  • SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

Development of verbal language commences at an early age, well before reading and writing are possible. The young child thinks in language and expresses thoughts through language. This is important for social relationships, as well as for academic achievement, and forms part of cognitive development.

Examples of activities:

  • Retelling of stories / own experiences
  • Development of vocabulary with the help of excursions followed by appropriate class discussions
  • Discussion of world events
  • Songs and rhymes

Correct employment of verbal capability in different situations, e.g. for answering the telephone correctly and communicating a message precisely.

Grade R learners must be able to communicate effectively by means of language, art, movement, music and dramatisation of experienced fantasy.

  • EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Grade R learners need to be taught a clear code of behaviour and need opportunities to develop pure values and attitudes and a strong moral code to promote relationships within the immediate and wider family and community. They need a variety of social experiences and opportunities to learn to cooperate effectively when they are involved with groups.

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Grade r - a learning programme. OpenStax CNX. Nov 03, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11135/1.1
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