<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Hand-washing equipment

The company must provide an adequate number of washbasins at suitable locations designated for hand-washing.

Washbasins need to have a supply of hot and cold running water (or suitably temperature controlled) of appropriate microbiological and chemical quality.

A sufficient quantity of appropriate materials for cleaning hands needs to be available at all times. These materials should be appropriate and suitable for use in a food preparation area: unscented soaps or proprietary cleansers, for example.

You need to provide for the hygienic drying of hands. Any materials used for hand- drying must be disposed of without risk of contamination to food products.

The facilities for washing and preparation of food need to be separate from the hand-washing facilities and must not be used for hand-washing.


Each food handler should use the following method to ensure hands are appropriately clean.

  1. Wet hands with warm running water and apply liquid soap or use a clean soap bar.
  2. Rub hands vigorously for at least 20 seconds, giving special attention to the backs of the hands, wrists, between the fingers, and under the fingernails.
  3. Rinse hands well while leaving the water running.
  4. Dry hands with a clean single-use disposable towel or air drier.
  5. Where a disposable towel is used, dispose of it without risk of contamination to the food products.
  6. When turning off the water (if it is not automatically done), use dry hands or a clean disposable towel.

Hand-washing verification

Since hand-washing is critically important for the microbiological safety of food, the person responsible for food safety within the factory should monitor this activity carefully.

You must watch your employees’ hand-washing activities on a fairly regular but non-predetermined basis to assess their compliance with the defined requirements. You may also have to do occasional visual checks on the cleanliness of hands.

Checks should be carried out and focused on risk periods (after toilet visits) and shift changes.

Personal cleanliness

Every food handler must practice good personal cleanliness in order to minimize the risk of product contamination, be it physical, chemical, or microbiological.

In addition to hand-washing practices, there are a number of other matters that are important to ensure consumer safety.

  • You should wear protective clothing.
  • You should be award of any ways in which injuries might occur.
  • You should not wear jewelry, and you should be aware of where you have placed personal belongings.

Protective clothing

Every food handler should wear protective clothing designed to protect the product from contamination.

Even then, protective clothing, if not carefully assessed beforehand, can itself be a source of product contamination. Buttons fibers, or dirt may fall into or contaminate the product. Therefore, food handlers must wear clean, undamaged protective clothing. Domestic clothing must not be worn.

Hair also poses a major contamination risk. To prevent this risk, hair must be fully covered by suitable head coverings (hairnets/ hats), or in the case of facial hair, beard nets or snoods. Foot wear must be clean, free from debris, and designed in a way that does not pose any risk to the product.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Food safety knowledge network basic level requirements. OpenStax CNX. Dec 30, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11142/1.4
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Food safety knowledge network basic level requirements' conversation and receive update notifications?