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This module contains information on discrete time periodic signals.

Introduction

This module describes the type of signals acted on by the Discrete Time Fourier Series.

Relevant spaces

The Discrete Time Fourier Series maps finite-length (or N -periodic), discrete time signals in L 2 to finite-length, discrete-frequency signals in l 2 .

Periodic signals in discrete time repeats themselves in each cycle. However, only integers are allowed as time variable in discrete time. We denote signals in such case as x[n], n = ..., -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, ...

Periodic signals

When a function repeats itself exactly after some given period, or cycle, we say it's periodic . A periodic function can be mathematically defined as:

f n f n m N m m
where N 0 represents the fundamental period of the signal, which is the smallest positive value of N for the signal to repeat. Because of this, you may also see a signal referred to as an N-periodic signal.Any function that satisfies this equation is said to be periodic with period N. Here's an example of a discrete-time periodic signal with period N:

Discrete-time periodic signal

Notice the function is the same after a time shift of N

We can think of periodic functions (with period N ) two different ways:

  1. as functions on all of
    discrete time periodic function over all of where f n 0 f n 0 N
  2. or, we can cut out all of the redundancy, and think of them as functions on an interval 0 N (or, more generally, a a N ). If we know the signal is N-periodic then all the information of the signal is captured by the above interval.
    Remove the redundancy of the period function so that f n is undefined outside 0 N .

An aperiodic DT function f n does not repeat for any N ; i.e. there exists no N such that this equation holds.

Sindrilldiscrete demonstration

Here's an example demonstrating a periodic sinusoidal signal with various frequencies, amplitudes and phase delays:
sinDrillDiscreteDemo
Interact (when online) with a Mathematica CDF demonstrating a discrete periodic sinusoidal signal with various frequencies, amplitudes and phase delays.

Conclusion

A discrete periodic signal is completely defined by its values in one period, such as the interval [0,N].

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
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Source:  OpenStax, Signals and systems. OpenStax CNX. Aug 14, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10064/1.15
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