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Objectives:

The objectives of this course are to: (1) provide theoretical understanding and practical experience with the most common measurement techniques relevant to hydrology and watershed science; and (2) provide training in collecting, analysing, and presenting scientific data.

The methods that will be used to achieve these objectives include lectures, readings, directed field exercises, lab and homework assignments, field trips, and a final exam. There will be at least one all-day field trip to make discharge and stream channel measurements. These data will be presented and discussed in class the following week.

Text:

There is no single text that covers the material presented in this course, but some of the chapters and appendices in Forest Hydrology by Mingteh Chang cover some aspects of the course as indicated in the course schedule. References for other sections are available online (see particularly the numerous USGS publications at (External Link) ), and additional materials will be provided as handouts.

Projected grading:

Major lab reports:

Meteorologic measurements: 20-25%

Stream measurements: 20%

Other lab exercises and reports (3): 30-35%

Class participation and attendance: 0-10%

Final exam (take-home): 20-25%

Total: 100%

Office hours:

Monday and Wednesday afternoons 3:00-5:00, Room 203, VFU Guesthouse

Tentative schedule

Week 1: Course outline, student desires; Traditional measurements (rainfall, temperature relative humidity, wind); Chang Appendix A, pp. 377-388);

Week 2: Wind; evaporation; solar radiation; groundwater levels; Advantages and disadvantages of electronic data collection; tour weather station; rainfall erosivity and RF program if time;

Week 3: Soil moisture; begin monitoring;

Week 4: Surveying, groundwater levels, groundwater gradients (Dunne and Leopold, Chapter 7);

Week 5: Stream classification and channel characteristics (bankfull, slope, bed material);

Week 6: Discharge measurements and rating curves; pebble counts; thalweg profile; (Chang Appendix B, pp. 389-403; Buchanan and Somers, Discharge Measurements at Gaging Stations, (External Link) ; Kennedy, Levels at Streamflow Gaging Stations; (External Link) );

Week 7: Field trip to collect discharge and other stream data;

Week 8: Analysis and presentation of field trip data;

Midterm

Week 11: Infiltration and hydraulic conductivity;

Week 12: Sediment measurements in streams: suspended load and bedload (Chang Appendix C, pp. 411-429; Field Methods for Measurement of Fluvial Sediment, (External Link) );

Week 13: Water quality 1: site selection, temperature, pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen (Prof. John Stednick);

Week 14: Water quality 2: turbidity, nitrate, phosphate, hardness, alkalinity, quality assurance/quality control;

(Prof. John Stednick)

Week 15: Erosion processes and measurements: erosion pins and bridges; rainfall simulators; Gerlach troughs and erosion plots; sediment fences; (Chang Chapter 11);

Week 16: Flumes, weirs, and other discharge measurements (dilution techniques); (Chang Appendix B, pp. 403-410); Hydrologic connectivity; Wrap-up.

Final exam:

8 June: 09:15-11:00

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
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Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
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da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
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ya I also want to know the raman spectra
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what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
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Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
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Alexandre
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Brian Reply
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Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
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LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
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Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
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Mahi
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Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Damian Reply
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What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
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Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Field measurements in hydrology. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10769/1.1
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