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TALK AND COMMUNICATION IN THE COMMUNITY: Hymes' model for Communication in the community describes the components of speech as channel, forms of speech, participants, scene, setting, the norms of interaction, norms of interpretation, message form and content, speech genres, the rules and relations of speaking and the functions and purposes of speech in terms of outcomes and goals. One must master these means or styles of speaking in order to be competent socially. This theory of Communication is thirty years old and it is still as fresh and as relevant today as it was then.

The approach to Communication as described above can be summarized . . . in terms of a series of four questions: "1. What are the communicative events, and their components, in a community?2. What are the relationships among them? 3. What capabilities and states do they have, in general, and in particular events?4. How do they work? Basic to the series of questions is the distinction between signs and signals and sources of information generally, on the one hand, and what count as messages on the other. . . ; and the notion that the concept of message implies the full range of components present in a communicative event.The concept of a message is taken as implying the sharing (real or imputed) of a code (or codes) in terms of which a message is intelligible to participants, minimally an addressor and addressee, in an event constituted by transmission of the message, and characterized by a channel, a setting or context, a definite form or shape in the message, and a topic or comment." ( Cagle, 2006 )

IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHER TRAINING: If the ideas above have helped you to discover something new about yourself in a classroom setting --about how you interact with students and colleagues and in what ways school is a sociolinguistic microcosm of the community, then you are on your way to becoming (1) a teacher-researcher in your own school and (2) to seeing how you can share with colleagues about your students' language and Literacy development.We should have more teacher-researchers in Trinidad and Tobago classrooms. Or at least teachers with the habit of journalling about their experiences in teaching and learning. You may have tried something new in this field--Language, Literacy and Communication. Or you may be doing something unique which you think is commonplace, our training also should endorse putting these practices in writing and we becoming "teacher-writers".

REFERENCES:

Cagle, J.A. (2006). "Notes on Communication Theory". Retrieved from http://zimmer.csufresno.edu/~johnca/spch100/notes.htm

De Camp, D. (1974). "Analysis of a Post-Creole Continuum", in Pidginization and Creolization of Languages, ed. D. Hymes, Cambridge University Press, New York.

Holdaway, D. (1979). Foundations of Literacy, Ashton Scholastic, Sydney.

Hymes, D (1974). Foundations in Sociolinguistics: An Ethnographic Approach, University of Pennsylvania Press, PA.

James, W. (2002). "A Different, not an Incorrect Way of Speaking Pts. 1-7." Retrieved from http:// trinicenter.com.

Joseph, B. A. (1995) "Revisiting Language Experience in Reading: Search for a Caribbean Paradigm", Working paper presented at the Ethnography in Education Forum, University of Pennsylvania.

Lark, V. A Note on Experience. Retrieved from http://personal.ecu.edu/mccartyr/american/leap/experien.htm

Lytle, S. and Botel, M. (1990). Reading, Writing and Talking Across the Curriculum, Pennsylvania Dept. of Education, Philadelphia, PA.

Roberts, P. (1998). West Indians and Their Language, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Shedroff, N. (2005). "An Evloving Glossary of Experience Design." Retrieved from http://www.nathan.com/ed/glossary

Youssef, V. (1992). Varilingualism as a Descriptor of Communicative Competence in Caribbean Sociolinguistic Complexes", UWI, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.

*Communication Definition. Retrieved from www.senate.psu.edu/curriculum_resources/guide/glossary.html

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Communication, language and literacy in trinidad and tobago. OpenStax CNX. Mar 19, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10388/1.19
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