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*ON THE NATURE OF LANGUAGE AND EXPERIENCE: Experience resides in the purposes for which language is used. Among these purposes or functions are (1) Expressive, (2) Communicative and (3) Thought functions as in inner discourse and verbal thought.One of the main functions of language for children is the creation, expression and communication of meaning. This is often identified with experience or the "bed" which generates meaning.

"The forms of language are arbitrary and do not generate out of themselves the meanings with which they are associated. When someone wants to communicate something in language, his (her) starting points are not the arbitrary elements of language. Rather (s)he starts from his experience--feelings, images, sensations, intuitions, thoughts...Thus our speaker's task is to encode and express those non-verbal contents in linguistic form. Conversely, when someone listens to a speaker or reads, (s)he does not have direct or ummediated access to what the speaker (or writer)meant--the listener (reader) himself(herself) creates the meanings...which "partake of the personal, the unique, the private experiences of speakers, hearers, readers." (Holdaway, pp.150-3) Making meaning is a creative function of language and this depends on the experience and verbal competence of the listener or reader.

*MAKING MEANING AND CREOLE-INFLUENCED STUDENTS: In the English-speaking Caribbean Standard English is the language of the educated.Its characteristics are prestige, decorum and polite behaviour and has it high social value, while Creole speech is still sometimes regarded as "noise" and is associated with lower-class behaviour. But Creole speech, the qualities of which are naturalness and spontaniety, has positive value within certain contexts. In a classroom setting ,both students and teachers are caught in the conflicting social ambiguities associated with these varieties and the movement between them: propriety vs. impropriety, decorum vs. freedom and licence, of control vs. the fear of lack of control which is sometimes associated with the Creole vernacular. Grammatical features and attitudes to these varieties are described by Winford James, a Caribbean Creole linguist.

Reading may be viewed as a transaction with texts. While engaged in this act, students are processing language using "the strategies for creating meaning out of their experience." (Lytle and Botel,1990).Our young people read and communicate within a "mesh" of tensions, linguistic ambiguities, of spontaniety and of constraints which are bound to have an effect on Comprehension. What is needed is a teaching "tool" that will help them to achieve greater Standard English facility without eradicating their spontaniety and "native" communicative strategies.One way of doing this is suggested in "An Alternative Language Experience Guide."

**Q: What is the relationship between these native communicative strategies (that can be extrapolated from talk as this occurs in the community) and the strategies that a reader or listener uses for negotiating text or accessing meaning from text ? What part does their experience with language play in all of this for creole-influenced students? *In other words, our students' community speech styles must in some way affect their negotiation of meaning in a variety of texts. THESE NATIVE STRATEGIES FOR SPEAKING CONSTITUTE A PART OF THEIR PRIOR EXPERIENCE OF HOW LANGUAGE WORKS AND HOW THEY VALUE (OR MUST LEARN TO VALUE) LANGUAGE AND MAY ALSO BE AN ELEMENT IN GETTING MEANING FROM TEXT.

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Communication, language and literacy in trinidad and tobago. OpenStax CNX. Mar 19, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10388/1.19
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