C6x assembly programming  (Page 7/11)

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In many cases, depending on the result of previous operations, you execute the branch instructionconditionally. For example, to implement a loop, you decrement the loop counter by 1 each time you run a set ofinstructions and whenever the loop counter is not zero, you need to branch to the beginning of the code block to iteratethe loop operations. In the C6x CPU, this conditional branching is implemented using the conditional operations . Although B may be the instruction implemented using conditional operationsmost often, all instructions in C6x can be conditional.

Conditional instructions are represented in code by using square brackets, [ ] , surrounding the condition register name. For example, the following B instruction is executed only if B0 is nonzero:

1 [B0] B .L1 A0

To execute an instruction conditionally when the condition register is zero, we use ! in front of the register. Forexample, the B instruction is executed when B0 is zero.

1 [!B0] B .L1 A0

Not all registers can be used as the condition registers. In the C62x and C67x devices, the registers that can be tested in conditionaloperations are B0 , B1 , B2 , A1 , A2 .

(Simple loop): Write an assembly program computing the summation $\sum_{n=1}^{100} n$ by implementing a simple loop.

Logical operations and bit manipulation

The logical operations and bit manipulations are accomplished by the AND , OR , XOR , CLR , SET , SHL , and SHR instructions.

Other assembly instructions

Other useful instructions include IDLE and compare instructions such as CMPEQ etc.

C62x instruction set summary

The set of instructions that can be performed in each functional unit is as follows (See [link] , [link] , [link] and [link] ). Please refer to TMS320C62x/C67x CPU and Instruction Set Reference Guide for detailed description of each instruction.

.s unit
Instruction Description
ADD(U) signed or unsigned integer addition without saturation
ADDK integer addition using signed 16-bit constant
ADD2 two 16-bit integer adds on upper and lower register halves
B branch using a register
CLR clear a bit field
EXT extract and sign-extend a bit field
MV move from register to register
MVC move between the control file and the register file
MVK move a 16-bit constant into a register and sign extend
MVKH move 16-bit constant into the upper bits of a register
NEG negate (pseudo-operation)
NOT bitwise NOT
OR bitwise OR
SET set a bit field
SHL arithmetic shift left
SHR arithmetic shift right
SSHL shift left with saturation
SUB(U) signed or unsigned integer subtraction without saturation
SUB2 two 16-bit integer integer subs on upper and lowerregister halves
XOR exclusive OR
ZERO zero a register (pseudo-operation)
.l unit
Instruction Description
ABS integer absolute value with saturation
ADD(U) signed or unsigned integer addition without saturation
AND bitwise AND
CMPEQ integer compare for equality
CMPGT(U) signed or unsigned integer compare for greater than
CMPLT(U) signed or unsigned integer compare for less than
LMBD leftmost bit detection
MV move from register to register
NEG negate (pseudo-operation)
NORM normalize integer
NOT bitwise NOT
+OR bitwise OR
SADD integer addition with saturation to result size
SAT saturate a 40-bit integer to a 32-bit integer
SSUB integer subtraction with saturation to result size
SUBC conditional integer subtraction and shift - used for division
XOR exclusive OR
ZERO zero a register (pseudo-operation)

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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