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The numerous studies on migratory flows, the processes of social interaction that entail those who arrive, and the natives of the place use many theoretical models based on a great diversity of terms and almost always bipolar concepts (assimilation-- segregation, integration -- marginalization, acculturation -- cultural pluralism, and crucible of cultures -- ghettos or ethnic enclaves, etc.). Where does this plurality of terms, theoretical concepts, and marks come from and what do they mean? Is it possible to learn the theoretical models elaborated in other latitudes and historical moments to better understand and explain the present migratory phenomenon in Spain? When we speak of “integration” or “interculturalism” are we saying something different from what others call “assimilation” or “melting pot?” As a contribution to these debates, I am going to mention the main theories on immigration elaborated in the United States. These theories have served me in my own investigation about the Dominicans in New York (Bajo Santos, 1994).

This manuscript has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and endorsed by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this module is published in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation , Volume 5, Number 1 (January – March 2010). Formatted and edited in Connexions by Julia Stanka, Texas A&M University.

Strategies and processes of adaptation in immigration

Nicolás Bajo Santos

The numerous studies on migratory flows, the processes of social interaction that entail those who arrive, and the natives of the place use many theoretical models based on a great diversity of terms and almost always bipolar concepts (assimilation-- segregation, integration -- marginalization, acculturation -- cultural pluralism, and crucible of cultures -- ghettos or ethnic enclaves, etc.). Where does this plurality of terms, theoretical concepts, and marks come from and what do they mean? Is it possible to learn the theoretical models elaborated in other latitudes and historical moments to better understand and explain the present migratory phenomenon in Spain? When we speak of “integration” or “interculturalism” are we saying something different from what others call “assimilation” or “melting pot?” As a contribution to these debates, I am going to mention the main theories on immigration elaborated in the United States. These theories have served me in my own investigation about the Dominicans in New York (Bajo Santos, 1994).

The american classic school of assimilation ("americanization")

According to M. Gordon (1978), assimilation to American culture and way of life, or “Anglo-conformity,” has been the United States’ predominant immigration ideology from the colonial days to the second half of the 20 th century: this ideology tends to promote racist attitudes. The founding fathers showed concern about the effects massive immigration would have on American democracy and republicanism. Many Europeans who arrived, accustomed to monarchic despotism and determined to maintain their languages, customs, and principles, represented a danger to the pillars of the new nation. On the other hand, throughout the 18 th century the nation’s founders saw the advantages of immigration, such as: an increase in population of certain states and territories, colonization of the west, work in the mines, construction of the railroads and channels, and overall contribution to the industrial expansion. In order to these advantages, it was elemental that the immigrants adjusted to their new country.

Questions & Answers

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scanning tunneling microscope
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Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
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what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
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Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
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Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
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research.net
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Source:  OpenStax, Immigration in the united states and spain: considerations for educational leaders. OpenStax CNX. Jul 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11174/1.28
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