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The numerous studies on migratory flows, the processes of social interaction that entail those who arrive, and the natives of the place use many theoretical models based on a great diversity of terms and almost always bipolar concepts (assimilation-- segregation, integration -- marginalization, acculturation -- cultural pluralism, and crucible of cultures -- ghettos or ethnic enclaves, etc.). Where does this plurality of terms, theoretical concepts, and marks come from and what do they mean? Is it possible to learn the theoretical models elaborated in other latitudes and historical moments to better understand and explain the present migratory phenomenon in Spain? When we speak of “integration” or “interculturalism” are we saying something different from what others call “assimilation” or “melting pot?” As a contribution to these debates, I am going to mention the main theories on immigration elaborated in the United States. These theories have served me in my own investigation about the Dominicans in New York (Bajo Santos, 1994).

This manuscript has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and endorsed by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this module is published in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation , Volume 5, Number 1 (January – March 2010). Formatted and edited in Connexions by Julia Stanka, Texas A&M University.

Strategies and processes of adaptation in immigration

Nicolás Bajo Santos

The numerous studies on migratory flows, the processes of social interaction that entail those who arrive, and the natives of the place use many theoretical models based on a great diversity of terms and almost always bipolar concepts (assimilation-- segregation, integration -- marginalization, acculturation -- cultural pluralism, and crucible of cultures -- ghettos or ethnic enclaves, etc.). Where does this plurality of terms, theoretical concepts, and marks come from and what do they mean? Is it possible to learn the theoretical models elaborated in other latitudes and historical moments to better understand and explain the present migratory phenomenon in Spain? When we speak of “integration” or “interculturalism” are we saying something different from what others call “assimilation” or “melting pot?” As a contribution to these debates, I am going to mention the main theories on immigration elaborated in the United States. These theories have served me in my own investigation about the Dominicans in New York (Bajo Santos, 1994).

The american classic school of assimilation ("americanization")

According to M. Gordon (1978), assimilation to American culture and way of life, or “Anglo-conformity,” has been the United States’ predominant immigration ideology from the colonial days to the second half of the 20 th century: this ideology tends to promote racist attitudes. The founding fathers showed concern about the effects massive immigration would have on American democracy and republicanism. Many Europeans who arrived, accustomed to monarchic despotism and determined to maintain their languages, customs, and principles, represented a danger to the pillars of the new nation. On the other hand, throughout the 18 th century the nation’s founders saw the advantages of immigration, such as: an increase in population of certain states and territories, colonization of the west, work in the mines, construction of the railroads and channels, and overall contribution to the industrial expansion. In order to these advantages, it was elemental that the immigrants adjusted to their new country.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Immigration in the united states and spain: considerations for educational leaders. OpenStax CNX. Jul 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11174/1.28
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