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    Physics phds awarded in the u.s. over 28 years to minority women (1976 through 2003)

  • 35 African American Women earned PhDs
  • 57 Hispanic Women earned PhDs
  • Between 1997 and 2003, there was an average of fewer than three Hispanic women and fewer than three African American women earning PhDs in Physics in the U.S. each year –currently there are more than 1200 PhDs awarded in Physics each year

1994 letter to the APS from Anthony Johnson calling for increased minorities.

8th annual conference of black physics students (1994)

8th Annual Conference of Black Physics Students (1994)

“Cultivating a field of dreams among a minority at NJIT” by Caroline Brewer, Sunday Bergen Record April 30, 2000, Living Section, page 1-3.

Anthony Johnson explaining a laser setup with other African-American students surrounding him.

Highlighted quote: I see no reason for a committee on women in physics. There are only two women in physics and I know them both and they are both very happy.

Memorandum to the Board of Directors from the Ad Hoc Group on Women and Minorities.

A memorandum to Bell Laboratories in which Anthony Johnson urges recruitment of four black candidates.

Headline: OSA Past President Brings Lasers to Summer Camp. Pictures Anthony Johnson with middle schoolers around a laser setup.

From the President, OPN January 2002

I remember that first committee assignment very well because it had an ignominious beginning for me. At the time I was one of a very small number of African-American optics researchers. During my first committee meeting, another committee member assumed I was in the room to serve coffee! There are a number of ways I might have reacted to this, but the incidence gave me pause for thought. I came to realize that, ironically, I owed this individual a debt of gratitude because that incident made me resolve to be a strong contributing member of the optics community. I'm not saying I appreciated the very insulting remark, but it ignited in me a passion for excellent science and service (the scientific-community kind, not the coffee kind). Since then, the OSA has become a more inclusive and diverse organization, such that we are foremost among scientific societies in our efforts to reach out to women and minorities. Most recently, for example, I had the pleasure of attending a lively "Women in OSA" session at our Annual Meeting.

Physics career awards at new jersey institute of technology (njit)

  • Five CAREER Awards were granted to junior faculty during my 8-year term as Department Chair (1/95-1/03)
  • 14-years in the Research Division of AT&T Bell Laboratories, now Lucent (8/81-1/95)
  • Industrial research background with a natural tendency toward interdisciplinary research impacted departmental decisions
  • As Department Chair I made an attempt to create an environment in which junior faculty members could thrive and contribute to the research and scholarly activities of the department
  • I hired 5 faculty members during my 8-year tenure as Department Chair and 4 have gone on to receive NSF CAREER Awards –the 5this doing fine, and is now a Full Professor

Mentoring new faculty: advice to department chairs marjorie olmstead, univ. of washington (aug. 1993 cswp gazette)

  • Make the expectations and criteria for promotion clear
  • Facilitate the acquisition of resources to meet these expectations
    • the chair and other mentors should serve both as sources of information and as advocates
  • Give frequent and accurate feedback
  • Reduce the impediments to progress towards promotion
    • protect women and minority faculty from the demands of “tokenism”
    • be aware of dual-career issues
    • keep an eye on the faculty who opposed the initial appointment

Hiring philosophy

  • Only interested in faculty that will enhance the department and are clearly destined for promotion and tenure–otherwise a waist of time and effort
  • Faculty candidate would meet with both the Search Committee and the P&T Committee–I would not hire a candidate that didn’t have unanimous support from P&T
  • Each junior faculty member would be assigned a senior faculty member as a mentor– critical !
  • Full time teaching load is 12 hours
    • Junior faculty guaranteed ½time load for first two years–typically 2-sections of introductory physics
  • Protect junior faculty from onerous committee assignments
  • At P&T Committee meetings the progress of junior faculty would be discussed
    • expectations and criteria for promotion and tenure conveyed
  • Research and teaching collaboration is encouraged –team teaching in some instances
  • Senior faculty and the Chair work closely with the junior faculty to help prepare CAREER nomination
  • The Chair can help set the tone for the Department
    • attempting to set a collaborative tone among the faculty can be attributed to my Bell Labs “upbringing”
  • Perhaps the comradery and consensus that I observed at NJIT is made possible because a relatively small Physics faculty of 20

Career highlights

  • 1974 Bell Labs Summer Research Program for Minorities&Women
  • 1975 Bell Labs Cooperative Research Fellowship to pursue a PhD in Physics
    • Course work at CCNY
    • Thesis work at Bell Labs, Murray Hill, NJ
  • 1981 PhD in Physics -- CCNY/Bell Labs
    • 1 of 4 African-Americans to receive a PhD in Physics in 1981
  • 1981 Member of Technical Staff, Bell Labs, Holmdel, NJ
  • 1988 Distinguished Member of Technical Staff, Bell Labs
  • 1989-1995 Ultrafast Optical Phenomena Topical Editor of Optics Letters
  • 1995-2001 Editor-in-Chief of Optics Letters
  • 2003 Director, Center for Advanced Studies in Photonics Research (CASPR), University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC)
    • Professor of Physics
    • Professor of Computer Science&Electrical Engineering (CSEE)
  • Fellow
    • OSA (1991)
    • NSBP (1992)
    • APS (1995)
    • AAAS (1996)
    • IEEE (2000)
  • Member, NAS Committee on AMO2010–Decadal Assessment and Outlook Report on Atomic, Molecular and Optical (AMO) Science (05-06)
  • 1988 Program Co-Chair, Conference on Lasers&Electro-Optics (CLEO)
  • 1989 Chair/Host of the 12th Annual Meeting of the National Society of Black Physicists at Bell Labs in Holmdel, NJ
    • Conference costs covered by Bell Labs Vice President for Research Arno Penzias, ONR and LLNL
  • 1990 Conference Co-Chair of CLEO
  • 1992-1993 Chair, APS Committee on Minorities in Physics
  • 1995-2003 Chair and Professor of Physics, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT)
  • 2002 President of the 15,000 member Optical Society of America (OSA)

1986 ultrafast phenomena conference, denver, co

White-water rafting

Sunday ny times, march 6, 1994

A white business man asks 'So how come you people are still so angry?' of a black man at a desk who's nameplate says 'Our Black Person'.

Sunday ny times, june 22, 1997

Black man sits at a booth that says 'The Black Man Is In' and offers talks about race for $10.

Anthony Johnson and his two children

Anthony Johnson protests the OSA holding its meeting in South Carolina, which refused at the time to remove the Confederate flag from the capitol building.

Journal of engineering education, january 2005

Percentages of women and minority faculty members, 2001-2003: women range between 9-10%; African-American 2%; Hispanic 3%; Asian 15-20%

At&T bell laboratories cooperative research fellowship program (1972-1992)

A Twenty Year Review conducted by the National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME) CRFP Fellows compared to U.S. total minority degrees. Electrical Engineering 22:154, Physics 16:150, Chemistry 8:643, Chemical Engineering 4:88, Total 50:1135

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
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Source:  OpenStax, 2007 nsf advance workshop: negotiating the ideal faculty position. OpenStax CNX. Feb 01, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10637/1.1
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