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A pharmaceutical company makes tranquilizers. It is assumed that the distribution for the length of time they last is approximately normal. Researchers in a hospital used the drug on a random sample of 9 patients. The effective period of the tranquilizer for each patient (in hours) was as follows: 2.7; 2.8; 3.0; 2.3; 2.3; 2.2; 2.8; 2.1; and 2.4 .

    • x ¯ = size 12{ {overline {x}} ={}} {} ________
    • s x = size 12{s rSub { size 8{x} } ={}} {} ________
    • n = size 12{n} {} ________
    • n 1 = size 12{n - 1} {} ________
  • Define the Random Variable X size 12{X} {} , in words.
  • Define the Random Variable X ¯ size 12{ {overline {X}} } {} , in words.
  • Which distribution should you use for this problem? Explain your choice.
  • Construct a 95% confidence interval for the population mean length of time.
    • State the confidence interval.
    • Sketch the graph.
    • Calculate the error bound.
  • What does it mean to be “95% confident” in this problem?

Suppose that 14 children were surveyed to determine how long they had to use training wheels. It was revealed that they used them an average of 6 months with a sample standard deviation of 3 months. Assume that the underlying population distribution is normal.

    • x ¯ = size 12{ {overline {x}} ={}} {} ________
    • s x = size 12{s rSub { size 8{x} } ={}} {} ________
    • n = size 12{n} {} ________
    • n 1 = size 12{n - 1} {} ________
  • Define the Random Variable X size 12{X} {} , in words.
  • Define the Random Variable X ¯ size 12{ {overline {X}} } {} , in words.
  • Which distribution should you use for this problem? Explain your choice.
  • Construct a 99% confidence interval for the population mean length of time using training wheels.
    • State the confidence interval.
    • Sketch the graph.
    • Calculate the error bound.
  • Why would the error bound change if the confidence level was lowered to 90%?

    • 6
    • 3
    • 14
    • 13
  • the time for a child to remove his training wheels
  • the mean time for 14 children to remove their training wheels.
  • t 13 size 12{t rSub { size 8{"13"} } } {}
    • CI: (3.58, 8.42)
    • EB = 2.42

Insurance companies are interested in knowing the population percent of drivers who always buckle up before riding in a car.

  • When designing a study to determine this population proportion, what is the minimum number you would need to survey to be 95% confident that the population proportion is estimated to within 0.03?
  • If it was later determined that it was important to be more than 95% confident and a new survey was commissioned, how would that affect the minimum number you would need to survey? Why?

Suppose that the insurance companies did do a survey. They randomly surveyed 400 drivers and found that 320 claimed to always buckle up. We are interested in the population proportion of drivers who claim to always buckle up.

    • x = size 12{x} {} ________
    • n = size 12{n} {} ________
    • p ' = size 12{p'} {} ________
  • Define the Random Variables X size 12{X} {} and P ' size 12{P'} {} , in words.
  • Which distribution should you use for this problem? Explain your choice.
  • Construct a 95% confidence interval for the population proportion that claim to always buckle up.
    • State the confidence interval.
    • Sketch the graph.
    • Calculate the error bound.
  • If this survey were done by telephone, list 3 difficulties the companies might have in obtaining random results.

    • 320
    • 400
    • 0.80
  • N ( 0.80 , (0.80)(0.20) 400 )
    • CI: (0.76, 0.84)
    • EB = 0.04

Unoccupied seats on flights cause airlines to lose revenue. Suppose a large airline wants to estimate its mean number of unoccupied seats per flight over the past year. To accomplish this, the records of 225 flights are randomly selected and the number of unoccupied seats is noted for each of the sampled flights. The sample mean is 11.6 seats and the sample standard deviation is 4.1 seats.

    • x ¯ = size 12{ {overline {x}} ={}} {} ________
    • s x = size 12{s rSub { size 8{x} } ={}} {} ________
    • n = size 12{n} {} ________
    • n 1 = size 12{n - 1} {} ________
  • Define the Random Variables X size 12{X} {} and X ¯ size 12{ {overline {X}} } {} , in words.
  • Which distribution should you use for this problem? Explain your choice.
  • Construct a 92% confidence interval for the population mean number of unoccupied seats per flight.
    • State the confidence interval.
    • Sketch the graph.
    • Calculate the error bound.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary statistics. OpenStax CNX. Dec 30, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10966/1.4
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