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Installation | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Before | 3 | 6 | 4 | 2 | 5 | 8 | 2 | 6 |
After | 1 | 5 | 2 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 2 | 2 |
What is the random variable?
the mean difference of the system failures
State the null and alternative hypotheses.
What is the p -value?
0.0067
Draw the graph of the p -value.
What conclusion can you draw about the software patch?
With a p -value 0.0067, we can reject the null hypothesis. There is enough evidence to support that the software patch is effective in reducing the number of system failures.
Use the following information to answer next five exercises. A study was conducted to test the effectiveness of a juggling class. Before the class started, six subjects juggled as many balls as they could at once. After the class, the same six subjects juggled as many balls as they could. The differences in the number of balls are calculated. The differences have a normal distribution. Test at the 1% significance level.
Subject | A | B | C | D | E | F |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Before | 3 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 4 | 5 |
After | 4 | 5 | 6 | 4 | 5 | 7 |
State the null and alternative hypotheses.
What is the p -value?
0.0021
What is the sample mean difference?
Draw the graph of the p -value.
What conclusion can you draw about the juggling class?
Use the following information to answer the next five exercises. A doctor wants to know if a blood pressure medication is effective. Six subjects have their blood pressures recorded. After twelve weeks on the medication, the same six subjects have their blood pressure recorded again. For this test, only systolic pressure is of concern. Test at the 1% significance level.
Patient | A | B | C | D | E | F |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Before | 161 | 162 | 165 | 162 | 166 | 171 |
After | 158 | 159 | 166 | 160 | 167 | 169 |
State the null and alternative hypotheses.
H _{0} : μ _{d} ≥ 0
H _{a} : μ _{d} <0
What is the test statistic?
What is the p -value?
0.0699
What is the sample mean difference?
What is the conclusion?
We decline to reject the null hypothesis. There is not sufficient evidence to support that the medication is effective.
Use the following information to answer the next ten exercises. indicate which of the following choices best identifies the hypothesis test.
A powder diet is tested on 49 people, and a liquid diet is tested on 36 different people. The population standard deviations are two pounds and three pounds, respectively. Of interest is whether the liquid diet yields a higher mean weight loss than the powder diet.
A new chocolate bar is taste-tested on consumers. Of interest is whether the proportion of children who like the new chocolate bar is greater than the proportion of adults who like it.
e
The mean number of English courses taken in a two–year time period by male and female college students is believed to be about the same. An experiment is conducted and data are collected from nine males and 16 females.
A football league reported that the mean number of touchdowns per game was five. A study is done to determine if the mean number of touchdowns has decreased.
d
A study is done to determine if students in the California state university system take longer to graduate than students enrolled in private universities. One hundred students from both the California state university system and private universities are surveyed. From years of research, it is known that the population standard deviations are 1.5811 years and one year, respectively.
According to a YWCA Rape Crisis Center newsletter, 75% of rape victims know their attackers. A study is done to verify this.
f
According to a recent study, U.S. companies have a mean maternity-leave of six weeks.
A recent drug survey showed an increase in use of drugs and alcohol among local high school students as compared to the national percent. Suppose that a survey of 100 local youths and 100 national youths is conducted to see if the proportion of drug and alcohol use is higher locally than nationally.
e
A new SAT study course is tested on 12 individuals. Pre-course and post-course scores are recorded. Of interest is the mean increase in SAT scores. The following data are collected:
Pre-course score | Post-course score |
---|---|
1 | 300 |
960 | 920 |
1010 | 1100 |
840 | 880 |
1100 | 1070 |
1250 | 1320 |
860 | 860 |
1330 | 1370 |
790 | 770 |
990 | 1040 |
1110 | 1200 |
740 | 850 |
University of Michigan researchers reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute that quitting smoking is especially beneficial for those under age 49. In this American Cancer Society study, the risk (probability) of dying of lung cancer was about the same as for those who had never smoked.
f
Lesley E. Tan investigated the relationship between left-handedness vs. right-handedness and motor competence in preschool children. Random samples of 41 left-handed preschool children and 41 right-handed preschool children were given several tests of motor skills to determine if there is evidence of a difference between the children based on this experiment. The experiment produced the means and standard deviations shown [link] . Determine the appropriate test and best distribution to use for that test.
Left-handed | Right-handed | |
Sample size | 41 | 41 |
Sample mean | 97.5 | 98.1 |
Sample standard deviation | 17.5 | 19.2 |
A golf instructor is interested in determining if her new technique for improving players’ golf scores is effective. She takes four (4) new students. She records their 18-hole scores before learning the technique and then after having taken her class. She conducts a hypothesis test. The data are as [link] .
Player 1 | Player 2 | Player 3 | Player 4 | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Mean score before class | 83 | 78 | 93 | 87 |
Mean score after class | 80 | 80 | 86 | 86 |
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