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Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of the leg.

A right triangle is shown. The right angle is marked with a box. The side across from the right angle is labeled as 17. One of the sides touching the right angle is labeled as 15, the other is labeled “b”.

8

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Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of the leg.

A right triangle is shown. The right angle is marked with a box. The side across from the right angle is labeled as 15. One of the sides touching the right angle is labeled as 9, the other is labeled “b”.

12

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Kelvin is building a gazebo and wants to brace each corner by placing a 10-inch wooden bracket diagonally as shown. How far below the corner should he fasten the bracket if he wants the distances from the corner to each end of the bracket to be equal? Approximate to the nearest tenth of an inch.

A picture of a gazebo is shown. Beneath the roof is a rectangular shape. There are two braces from the top to each side. The brace on the left is labeled as 10 inches. From where the brace hits the side to the roof is labeled as x.

Solution

Step 1. Read the problem.
Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. the distance from the corner that the bracket should be attached
.
Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it. Let x = the distance from the corner
Step 4. Translate.
Write the appropriate formula.
Substitute.

.
Step 5. Solve the equation.
Isolate the variable.
Use the definition of the square root.
Simplify. Approximate to the nearest tenth.
.
Step 6. Check:
.
Yes.
Step 7. Answer the question. Kelvin should fasten each piece of wood approximately 7.1" from the corner.
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John puts the base of a 13-ft ladder 5 feet from the wall of his house. How far up the wall does the ladder reach?

A picture of a house is shown. There is a ladder leaning against the side of the house. The ladder is labeled 13 feet. The horizontal distance from the ladder's base to the house is labeled 5 feet.

12 feet

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Randy wants to attach a 17-ft string of lights to the top of the 15-ft mast of his sailboat. How far from the base of the mast should he attach the end of the light string?

A picture of a boat is shown. The height of the center pole is labeled 15 feet. The string of lights is at a diagonal from the top of the pole and is labeled 17 feet.

8 feet

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Key concepts

  • Supplementary and Complementary Angles
    • If the sum of the measures of two angles is 180°, then the angles are supplementary.
    • If A and B are supplementary, then m A + m B = 180 .
    • If the sum of the measures of two angles is 90°, then the angles are complementary.
    • If A and B are complementary, then m A + m B = 90 .
  • Solve Geometry Applications
    1. Read the problem and make sure you understand all the words and ideas. Draw a figure and label it with the given information.
    2. Identify what you are looking for.
    3. Name what you are looking for and choose a variable to represent it.
    4. Translate into an equation by writing the appropriate formula or model for the situation. Substitute in the given information.
    5. Solve the equation using good algebra techniques.
    6. Check the answer in the problem and make sure it makes sense.
    7. Answer the question with a complete sentence.
  • Sum of the Measures of the Angles of a Triangle

    ..

    • For any Δ A B C , the sum of the measures is 180°
    • m A + m B = 180
  • Right Triangle

    .

    • A right triangle is a triangle that has one 90° angle, which is often marked with a symbol.
  • Properties of Similar Triangles
    • If two triangles are similar, then their corresponding angle measures are equal and their corresponding side lengths have the same ratio.

Practice makes perfect

Use the Properties of Angles

In the following exercises, find the supplement and the complement of the given angle.

In the following exercises, use the properties of angles to solve.

Find the supplement of a 135° angle.

45°

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Find the complement of a 38° angle.

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Find the complement of a 27.5° angle.

62.5°

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Find the supplement of a 109.5° angle.

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Two angles are supplementary. The larger angle is 56° more than the smaller angle. Find the measures of both angles.

62°, 118°

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Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
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Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
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How do i figure this problem out.
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. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Practice Key Terms 9

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Source:  OpenStax, Prealgebra. OpenStax CNX. Jul 15, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11756/1.9
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