# 9.3 Use properties of angles, triangles, and the pythagorean theorem  (Page 3/15)

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## Right triangles

Some triangles have special names. We will look first at the right triangle    . A right triangle has one $\text{90°}$ angle, which is often marked with the symbol shown in [link] .

If we know that a triangle is a right triangle, we know that one angle measures $\text{90°}$ so we only need the measure of one of the other angles in order to determine the measure of the third angle.

One angle of a right triangle measures $\text{28°}.$ What is the measure of the third angle?

## Solution

 Step 1. Read the problem. Draw the figure and label it with the given information. Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it. Step 4. Translate. Write the appropriate formula and substitute. Step 5. Solve the equation. Step 6. Check: Step 7. Answer the question.

One angle of a right triangle measures $\text{56°}.$ What is the measure of the other angle?

34°

One angle of a right triangle measures $\text{45°}.$ What is the measure of the other angle?

45°

In the examples so far, we could draw a figure and label it directly after reading the problem. In the next example, we will have to define one angle in terms of another. So we will wait to draw the figure until we write expressions for all the angles we are looking for.

The measure of one angle of a right triangle is $\text{20°}$ more than the measure of the smallest angle. Find the measures of all three angles.

## Solution

 Step 1. Read the problem. Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. the measures of all three angles Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it. Now draw the figure and label it with the given information. Step 4. Translate. Write the appropriate formula and substitute into the formula. Step 5. Solve the equation. Step 6. Check: Step 7. Answer the question.

The measure of one angle of a right triangle is $\text{50°}$ more than the measure of the smallest angle. Find the measures of all three angles.

20°, 70°, 90°

The measure of one angle of a right triangle is $\text{30°}$ more than the measure of the smallest angle. Find the measures of all three angles.

30°, 60°, 90°

## Similar triangles

When we use a map to plan a trip, a sketch to build a bookcase, or a pattern to sew a dress, we are working with similar figures. In geometry, if two figures have exactly the same shape but different sizes, we say they are similar figures    . One is a scale model of the other. The corresponding sides of the two figures have the same ratio, and all their corresponding angles are have the same measures.

The two triangles in [link] are similar. Each side of $\text{Δ}ABC$ is four times the length of the corresponding side of $\text{Δ}XYZ$ and their corresponding angles have equal measures.

## Properties of similar triangles

If two triangles are similar, then their corresponding angle measures are equal and their corresponding side lengths are in the same ratio.

The length of a side of a triangle may be referred to by its endpoints, two vertices of the triangle. For example, in $\text{Δ}ABC\text{:}$

$\phantom{\rule{2em}{0ex}}\begin{array}{c}\text{the length}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}a\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{can also be written}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}BC\hfill \\ \text{the length}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}b\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{can also be written}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}AC\hfill \\ \text{the length}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}c\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{can also be written}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}AB\hfill \end{array}$

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
what does nano mean?
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Jeannette has $5 and$10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?