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Right triangles

Some triangles have special names. We will look first at the right triangle    . A right triangle has one 90° angle, which is often marked with the symbol shown in [link] .

A right triangle is shown. The right angle is marked with a box and labeled 90 degrees.

If we know that a triangle is a right triangle, we know that one angle measures 90° so we only need the measure of one of the other angles in order to determine the measure of the third angle.

One angle of a right triangle measures 28° . What is the measure of the third angle?

Solution

Step 1. Read the problem. Draw the figure and label it with the given information. .
Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. .
Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it. .
Step 4. Translate.
Write the appropriate formula and substitute.

.
Step 5. Solve the equation. .
.
.
Step 6. Check:
.
.
Step 7. Answer the question. .
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One angle of a right triangle measures 56° . What is the measure of the other angle?

34°

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One angle of a right triangle measures 45° . What is the measure of the other angle?

45°

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In the examples so far, we could draw a figure and label it directly after reading the problem. In the next example, we will have to define one angle in terms of another. So we will wait to draw the figure until we write expressions for all the angles we are looking for.

The measure of one angle of a right triangle is 20° more than the measure of the smallest angle. Find the measures of all three angles.

Solution

Step 1. Read the problem.
Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. the measures of all three angles
Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it.


Now draw the figure and label it with the given information.
.
.
.
.
Step 4. Translate.
Write the appropriate formula and substitute into the formula.
.
.
Step 5. Solve the equation. .
.
.
.
.
.
.
Step 6. Check:
.
.
Step 7. Answer the question. .
Got questions? Get instant answers now!
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The measure of one angle of a right triangle is 50° more than the measure of the smallest angle. Find the measures of all three angles.

20°, 70°, 90°

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The measure of one angle of a right triangle is 30° more than the measure of the smallest angle. Find the measures of all three angles.

30°, 60°, 90°

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Similar triangles

When we use a map to plan a trip, a sketch to build a bookcase, or a pattern to sew a dress, we are working with similar figures. In geometry, if two figures have exactly the same shape but different sizes, we say they are similar figures    . One is a scale model of the other. The corresponding sides of the two figures have the same ratio, and all their corresponding angles are have the same measures.

The two triangles in [link] are similar. Each side of Δ A B C is four times the length of the corresponding side of Δ X Y Z and their corresponding angles have equal measures.

Two triangles are shown. They appear to be the same shape, but the triangle on the right is smaller. The vertices of the triangle on the left are labeled A, B, and C. The side across from A is labeled 16, the side across from B is labeled 20, and the side across from C is labeled 12. The vertices of the triangle on the right are labeled X, Y, and Z. The side across from X is labeled 4, the side across from Y is labeled 5, and the side across from Z is labeled 3. Beside the triangles, it says that the measure of angle A equals the measure of angle X, the measure of angle B equals the measure of angle Y, and the measure of angle C equals the measure of angle Z. Below this is the proportion 16 over 4 equals 20 over 5 equals 12 over 3.
Δ A B C and Δ X Y Z are similar triangles. Their corresponding sides have the same ratio and the corresponding angles have the same measure.

Properties of similar triangles

If two triangles are similar, then their corresponding angle measures are equal and their corresponding side lengths are in the same ratio.

...

The length of a side of a triangle may be referred to by its endpoints, two vertices of the triangle. For example, in Δ A B C :

the length a can also be written B C the length b can also be written A C the length c can also be written A B

Questions & Answers

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Source:  OpenStax, Prealgebra. OpenStax CNX. Jul 15, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11756/1.9
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