# 9.3 Sspd_chapter 7_part 3_basic electrical properties of mos and

SSPD_Chapter 7_Part 3 gives the basic elecrical properties of MOS devices.

SSPD_Chapter 7_Part 3_Basic Electrical Properties of MOS and MOS circuits.

7.3 The Output Characteristics of (Depletion)n-channel MOSFET.

Field Effect Transistors cover JFET and MOSFET. The underlying principle of FET is that there is a conducting channel which obeys Ohm’s Law:

Where

L = lemgth of the channel and A = cross-sectional area as shown in Figure 7.3.1.

And ρ = resistivity = 1/σ = 1/conductivity = 1/(qµ n n);

Here q = charge of an electron, µ n = mobility of an electron in the channel and n = conducting electron density in the n-channel.

Generally the n-channel is like a 2-D sheet hence its mobility is much lower than that in 3-D bulk. Typically µ n = 1450 cm 2 /(V-sec) in Bulk Semiconductor and 650 cm 2 /(V-sec) in the channel in FET.

.

As can be seen in the Figure 7.3.1 in n-channel FET electrons are being sourced from the source end and being drained out from the drain end. By corollary in p-channel FET holes will be sourced and holes will be drained out. This is the reason why the symbols are shown with the arrow of the conventional current flow. In nMOSFET conventional current is shown to come out of the Source and in pMOSFET conventional current is shown to enter into the Source as shown in Figure 7.3.2.

Equation 7.3.1 is a linear equation with I-V characterisyics as shown in Figure 7.3.3.

As seen in the Figure 7.3.3, I-V is linear for the whole range of voltage applied and is anti-symmetrical about the y-axis. Hence n-channel is a bilateral device where for positive voltage positive current flows and for negative voltage negative current flows with equal ease.

7.3.1. FET as a 3-terminal Device in Ohmic Region/Triode Region

Now by applying GATE voltage V GS transverse to the channel as shown in Figure 7.3.4 the channel thickness can be controlled and thereby the I-V slope can be controlled as shown in Figure 7.3.5.

In this OHMIC REGION of operation, we have two cases. First case is when V DS is kept less than 0.1V. In this case channel remains a parrallaelopied with a reduced thickness ‘t’. In this case if we continue to apply more and more negative voltage, the channel will be eventually be completed depleted and we say that the channel has pinched off. The negative gate voltage at which this occurs is known as Pinch-Off voltage (V P ).

There is a second case where V DS is greater than 0.1V and it continues to be increased. In this case the difference voltage between Gate and Drain>the difference between Gate and Source. Hence n-channel is trapezoidal and it does not give a linear I-V characteristics. This is also OHMIC REGION but non-linear. Linear and non-linear I-V curve is clearly indicated in Figure 7.3.5.

As seen in Figure 7.3.4 and Figure 7.3.5 we have achieved Voltage –Controlled Resistance (VCR) but this VCR is not quite linear. At V DS <0.1V, VCR is perfectly linear but at large V DS voltages the channel resistance deviates from the linear behavior.

In this kind of device at zero gate voltage, channel is present. Hence it is known as Normally-On . As the negative gate voltage is made more negative, the channel depletes until it finally completely pinches off . Hence it is known as .Depletion Type Device. As the gate voltage is made positive, channel becomes more conductive as it has a copious supply of electrons. Theefore we say that n-channel has enhanced.

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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