<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
In this lab, we will learn the basics of optimizing code intended for embedded systems.

Low power modes and code optimization

Fibonacci optimization

The " Reducing Power Consumption " module discusses why it is important to keep power in mind when programming embedded devices. We have yet to consider this while programming the previous labs. Writing efficient code is the first step in improving power consumption, next we can disable all parts of the board that aren't currently being used.

Take the following piece of code: long fibo(int n) { if (n < 2) return n; else return fibo(n-1) + fibo(n-2); } It recursively calculate the nth number in a Fibonacci sequence recursively. Recursion makes this piece of code easier to read, however, it is very inefficient and consumes far more memory than it has to. If you try to compute a large number, say fibo(50) , then it will take much longer and will consume more power than it should.

The original program is very inefficient and wastes memory in several of the ways described in the inefficient Memory Conservation module. Modify the code to eliminate the memory waste and improve the speed of the program. Note that there is a tradeoff between speed and memory (though at first the program is simply gratuitously wasteful). What is the nature of the tradeoff? Assuming the one addition takes one cycle to complete, how long would it take the original code to complete fibo(50) ? How long would it take your new, improved version? Assume that you are only considering the addition operations.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Low power modes

Modify your project so that the processor remains in one of the low power modes whenever it is not doing any calculations. Wake up from low power mode when a pushbutton interrupt fires, and have your program compute fibo(50) . Output the result to the standard out display. What is the result? (Hint: 12,586,269,025) Make the result is correct number. As soon as the calculation is done, return to low power mode. Make sure to turn on the Red LED while in an idle state.

A number must be small enough to fit in its given type. If it is too large, you may get unpredictable results. Try using a long long for extra huge numbers. If your standard out does not support such large data types then you may have to use bit-wise operations to separate the number into smaller chunks suitable for printing.

Measure the power consumed by the entire device when you are in low power mode and when it is computing something. You may want to have the processor compute something indefinitely, in order to get a more accurate result.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Microcontroller and embedded systems laboratory. OpenStax CNX. Feb 11, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10215/1.29
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Microcontroller and embedded systems laboratory' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask