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Suppose a child walks from the outer edge of a rotating merry-go round to the inside. Does the angular velocity of the merry-go-round increase, decrease, or remain the same? Explain your answer.

In figure A, there is a merry go round. A child is jumping radially outward. In figure B, a child is jumping backward to the direction of motion of merry go round. In figure C, a child is jumping from it to hang from the branch of the tree. In figure D, a child is jumping from the merry go round tangentially to its circumference.
A child may jump off a merry-go-round in a variety of directions.

Suppose a child gets off a rotating merry-go-round. Does the angular velocity of the merry-go-round increase, decrease, or remain the same if: (a) He jumps off radially? (b) He jumps backward to land motionless? (c) He jumps straight up and hangs onto an overhead tree branch? (d) He jumps off forward, tangential to the edge? Explain your answers. (Refer to [link] ).

Helicopters have a small propeller on their tail to keep them from rotating in the opposite direction of their main lifting blades. Explain in terms of Newton’s third law why the helicopter body rotates in the opposite direction to the blades.

Whenever a helicopter has two sets of lifting blades, they rotate in opposite directions (and there will be no tail propeller). Explain why it is best to have the blades rotate in opposite directions.

Describe how work is done by a skater pulling in her arms during a spin. In particular, identify the force she exerts on each arm to pull it in and the distance each moves, noting that a component of the force is in the direction moved. Why is angular momentum not increased by this action?

When there is a global heating trend on Earth, the atmosphere expands and the length of the day increases very slightly. Explain why the length of a day increases.

Nearly all conventional piston engines have flywheels on them to smooth out engine vibrations caused by the thrust of individual piston firings. Why does the flywheel have this effect?

Jet turbines spin rapidly. They are designed to fly apart if something makes them seize suddenly, rather than transfer angular momentum to the plane’s wing, possibly tearing it off. Explain how flying apart conserves angular momentum without transferring it to the wing.

An astronaut tightens a bolt on a satellite in orbit. He rotates in a direction opposite to that of the bolt, and the satellite rotates in the same direction as the bolt. Explain why. If a handhold is available on the satellite, can this counter-rotation be prevented? Explain your answer.

Competitive divers pull their limbs in and curl up their bodies when they do flips. Just before entering the water, they fully extend their limbs to enter straight down. Explain the effect of both actions on their angular velocities. Also explain the effect on their angular momenta.

The given figure shows a diver who curls her body while flipping and then fully extends her limbs to enter straight down into water.
The diver spins rapidly when curled up and slows when she extends her limbs before entering the water.

Draw a free body diagram to show how a diver gains angular momentum when leaving the diving board.

In terms of angular momentum, what is the advantage of giving a football or a rifle bullet a spin when throwing or releasing it?

The image shows a view down the barrel of a cannon, emphasizing its rifling. Rifling in the barrel of a canon causes the projectile to spin just as is the case for rifles (hence the name for the grooves in the barrel). (credit: Elsie esq., Flickr)

Problems&Exercises

(a) Calculate the angular momentum of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun.

(b) Compare this angular momentum with the angular momentum of Earth on its axis.

(a) 2 . 66 × 10 40 kg m 2 /s size 12{2 "." "66" times "10" rSup { size 8{"40"} } `"kg" cdot m rSup { size 8{2} } "/s"} {}

(b) 7 . 07 × 10 33 kg m 2 /s size 12{7 "." "07" times "10" rSup { size 8{"33"} } `"kg" cdot m rSup { size 8{2} } "/s"} {}

The angular momentum of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun is 3 . 77 × 10 6 size 12{3 "." "76" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } } {} times larger than the angular momentum of the Earth around its axis.

(a) What is the angular momentum of the Moon in its orbit around Earth?

(b) How does this angular momentum compare with the angular momentum of the Moon on its axis? Remember that the Moon keeps one side toward Earth at all times.

(c) Discuss whether the values found in parts (a) and (b) seem consistent with the fact that tidal effects with Earth have caused the Moon to rotate with one side always facing Earth.

Suppose you start an antique car by exerting a force of 300 N on its crank for 0.250 s. What angular momentum is given to the engine if the handle of the crank is 0.300 m from the pivot and the force is exerted to create maximum torque the entire time?

22 . 5 kg m 2 /s size 12{"22" "." "5 kg" cdot m rSup { size 8{2} } "/s"} {}

A playground merry-go-round has a mass of 120 kg and a radius of 1.80 m and it is rotating with an angular velocity of 0.500 rev/s. What is its angular velocity after a 22.0-kg child gets onto it by grabbing its outer edge? The child is initially at rest.

Three children are riding on the edge of a merry-go-round that is 100 kg, has a 1.60-m radius, and is spinning at 20.0 rpm. The children have masses of 22.0, 28.0, and 33.0 kg. If the child who has a mass of 28.0 kg moves to the center of the merry-go-round, what is the new angular velocity in rpm?

25.3 rpm

(a) Calculate the angular momentum of an ice skater spinning at 6.00 rev/s given his moment of inertia is 0 . 400 kg m 2 size 12{0 "." "400"`"kg" cdot m rSup { size 8{2} } } {} . (b) He reduces his rate of spin (his angular velocity) by extending his arms and increasing his moment of inertia. Find the value of his moment of inertia if his angular velocity decreases to 1.25 rev/s. (c) Suppose instead he keeps his arms in and allows friction of the ice to slow him to 3.00 rev/s. What average torque was exerted if this takes 15.0 s?

Consider the Earth-Moon system. Construct a problem in which you calculate the total angular momentum of the system including the spins of the Earth and the Moon on their axes and the orbital angular momentum of the Earth-Moon system in its nearly monthly rotation. Calculate what happens to the Moon’s orbital radius if the Earth’s rotation decreases due to tidal drag. Among the things to be considered are the amount by which the Earth’s rotation slows and the fact that the Moon will continue to have one side always facing the Earth.

Questions & Answers

Describe frontal lobe syndrome
Bridget Reply
Frontal lobe syndrome is an impairment of the frontal lobe that occurs due to disease or head trauma. 
Zafar
what does the bell curve represent in intelligence testing?
Sounny Reply
average
Angela
I'M A VERY CURIOUS PERSON WHO LOVES TO LEARN ABOUT DIFFERENT TYPES
Sheri Reply
I AM A PERSON WHO IS NOT CHOOSING TO LET MY MENTAL HEALTH AFFECT ME AND I AM AN
Sheri
different types means.?😂😂
rilek
Indeed....different types means what exactly and how does these different types transpire into our lives? there are many different ways of allowing ourselves to accommodate and continiously play out the fact we have mental illnesses!!!
Elizabeth
social learning theory
CONFERENCE Reply
how we know the people are telling lie
Vasu
human brain
SERAJ
if you want to learn how to detect the lie you have to observe their behaviour...
Aayan
that's common things..
MOHD
anything specially, tht we can say either person is telling yes or no..?
MOHD
Yes
rochell
I believe there are many factors that play into being a human lie detector.
Tasha
all of which is governed by the human brain.
Tasha
There's no accurate method of telling someone is lying unless we know the truth ourselves. Some people, especially people with manipulative tendencies, will make a lie as believable as possible. Behaviors could tell the person is hiding something or may be feeling uncomfortable while being observed.
agii
Ex. Talking too fast while explaining a story might indicate that the person is indeed hiding something. Other than that, people, usually with histrionic personality disorder, also tend to exaggerate stories.
agii
DORFRLYN It's not easier to feel lied at first moment of talking to someone you know or you don't know. The person will be guilty of what they tell in the first sentence.They first find a way to hide the the truth. By so doing, the movement, and the head knock, this symbloyz the shift of origin
dorfrlyn
for one to tell lies, should first read the mind of the listener.
dorfrlyn
I agree with you Agil.Usually a person talks too fast,is hiding something true. But also talking too slow will mean creation of new story rather than the truth.
dorfrlyn
some people have the habit of speaking too fast, so in that case how can we identify whether the person is lying or not?
Labdhee
pay attention on facial expressions
El
When people talk too fast to the point that it's incomprehensible, it could mean that that person is trying to have you move one from one topic to another to prevent you from asking questions.
agii
observe micro expressions
Zafar
thanks to all for giving ans😃
Vasu
Any recommendations for apps related to positive psychology?
Andrew Reply
intresting I mean
Asfand
Sometimes if you type "positive psychology " in your play store, you'll get some good ones
Tahmetrea
I use Awakenings by Iyanla Vanzant... She have a positive outlook on life. She's awesome!
Tahmetrea
Thank you, I will check that out.
Andrew
CBT types?
Rachael
psychology FACTS
katy
ITS SUPER EASY TO USE ... and divides the kind of positive psychology your looking for into groups! check it out.
katy
mental association books?
Maya
CBT works, and I am also looking for a psych book to read... I like psychology facts
Andrew
anyone know about any bipolar advocate groups or support type groups where a person can talk n vent while remaining anonymous?
tonya
HI I'M SHERI AND IN ANSWER TO THE QUESTION ABOUT THE BIPOLAR SUPPORT GROUPS I LIVE IN SACRAMENTO CALIFORNIA AND I DO KNOW THAT THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENT GROUPS 1) WELLNESS RECOVERY PROGRAMS AND I KNOW OF 2 LOCATIONS ONE ON MARCONI IN NORTH SACRAMENTO AND ON BOWLING OFF FLORIN IN SOUTH SACRAMENTO
Sheri
what's the most common cause of suicide in adolescents
Aisha Reply
depression
Irfan
yes. it's depression.
Paul
Especially when adolescents go through identity issues. Not knowing if this boy wants to be a girl or vice or versa. Social awkwardness, depression and cruelty of other adolescents in my opinion, brings a lot of suicidal tendencies into the minds of them.
Tahmetrea
reasons that lead to depression caused by many reasons like rape, abusive parents or guardians, bullying and more causes for a person to suicide
Diana
not accepting the fact or situation or the reality. the adolescents can't face rejections, as soon as they are rejected , they commit suicide.
Labdhee
social pressures have a huge impact on this. I find that young people are more likely to take their own life because they feel they are not able to fit in to a particular group of society and feel they are criticised by others. environment and nature/nurture. identity is a huge factor.
Jody
I think a major problem is when someone feels they can't handle the situation or think it's out of the control even though there are a lot of ways to solve it, one of them being at least trying to tell someone, visit a psychologist. They might stop feeling alone/misunderstood by everyone else.
Thuy
well, I've a problem. I feel very conscious when I'm in a crowd. when I'm partying with friends, I feels like everyone is looking at me. when I look at them, each one of them have their eyes on me. I don't know how I should deal with this? can someone help me with that ?
puneet
Hey Puneet! I think it's the matter of time and getting comfortable in that kind of situation after you try to get out of your comfort zone and slowly get used to it. I used to have that problem too but then I acted to not give a 💩 and tried my best to pretend I didn't care at all. And it worked!
Thuy
*Fake it till you make it* in this case worked for me the best. Maybe you could try to start talking to one of the more open/friendly people in that group so you don't get that self-conscious. I'm sure they don't think they will judge you at all! Just do it!
Thuy
Bullying that leads to anxiety, shame and depression, sadly.
Rachael
Where do I go to find research or tips for integrating sex and mental heath?
Felicia Reply
integrating a sexual routine and a mental illness that has kept o e from intimacy for a prolonged time? can u be a Lil more specific
lindsay
I have experience with both
lindsay
y only these two.?
MOHD
yes
Abu
y only these two sex and mental
MOHD
knowledge some practice practical
Abu
so ur mentally in balanced with sex..cause you find a good satisfy partner.....
MOHD
u can explain
Abu
u can't find good sex partner....
MOHD
no
Abu
I m not understand your consepet
Abu
depends on your Lonely no family no friends
MOHD
ok
Abu
chill,u time to Understand these concepts..
MOHD
ok
Abu
u can explain in urdu
Abu
hi
Wendy
hi
Abu
please can you help me identify and explain atleast seven(7) reflexes of the new born.
Wendy
yes of course
Abu
kk, then i need your help please.
Wendy
what's going on?
Mohammad
@lindsay I want to show how sexuality and mental health correlate. How one affects the other.
Felicia
I can help on these subjects
Abiral
@Abiral what information do you have?
Felicia
Hello
Irfan
Spending quiet time alone, with nature can improve mental health. Offer your opinions?
tsav Reply
mmmm but me i cn not spend time alone
Gift
Different strokes for different folks 🤷🏽‍♂️
tsav
what do u mean
Gift
Some people prefer a quiet life to a busy, bright city life. Some lead very stressful lives. Those people often don't pay attention to how they feel apart from the obvious fact that they're tired and stressed
tsav
nature can be clarifying and soothing because it can be a mixture of just natural beauty and why else are nature sounds an option for white noise
Twisted
You're absolutely right
tsav
what is with human being brain that we don't know?
imran Reply
I guess there are lots of things we don't know, but perhaps your referring to that thing called Consciousness
GoldenWizard
Anything that happens, question it!
tsav
in addition we may ask the doctor's
Gift
the science of many feelings and emotions can be hard to describe. our brains light up at some things but we can't always understand why
Twisted
But yet we must persist
tsav
Using relevant examples discuss challenges encounter by the beginning teachers during the learning and teaching process
LEILA Reply
how do I know when someone is using psychology on me?
Danielle Reply
If yes, it would always bring a solution.
Professor
Psychology cannot be used *on* something. You can use your *knowledge* of psychology to help tackle a situation. But I think I know what you're asking: pay attention to someone when you're talking, if they are looking at you up and down, they're analysing you
tsav
reasons for studying psychology in schools
ibraa Reply
PERSONALLY I'M A PERSON WHO LOVES TO LEARN READ AND WRITE AND RESEARCH ON DIFFERENT TYPES OF THINGS THAT HAVE TO DO WITH MY OWN EXPERIENCES WITH ADDICTION BORN WITH ORGANIC BRAIN DISEASE AND DAMAGE ENDURED EVERY FORM OF ABUSE THERE IS DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PTSD EDD (EMOTIONALLY DEVELOPMENTALLY DELAYED)
Sheri
I'M MILDLY MENTALLY CHALLENGED CAME OUT OF SEVERELY DYSFUNCTIONAL HOME MARRIAGE AND RELATIONSHIPS
Sheri
In my opinion, psyche meaning soul, makes me believe time should be taken to contemplate the history and root of the word. I believe psychology IS the study of the soul. The soul envelops human beings, carrying the body and the brain with it. In a sense, the Soul, is what we observe in people.
Kurt Reply
On point!
tsav
what type of this person who shake hand loosely
Afaq Reply
how we know a selfish person
Afaq
how we know a selfish person
Afaq
Insecure. Socially anxious or awkward, without self-confidence to interact as themselves, may seem arrogant, self-absorbed, rude or disinterested..... Narcissistic personality disorder?
Emma
lack of confidence and not having trust
Mehwish
how many types of intelligence
Ranjita
I couldn't understand the psychology
Yasir
which theory is given by wax wertheimer
Tripti Reply
the Gestalt theory
chindu
what did she say ?
Mehdi
Researchers demonstrated that the hippocampus functions in memory processing by creating lesions in the hippocampi of rats, which resulted in ________.
Mapo Reply
The formulation of new memories is sometimes called ________, and the process of bringing up old memories is called ________.
Mapo Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to applied math and physics. OpenStax CNX. Oct 04, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11426/1.3
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