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Bolt's characterization of More follows closely the model of authenticity set forth by the existentialists, especially Camus, as he states in the Preface to his play. Here the human defines himself or herself through commitments undertaken. These projects are incorporated into the self-system to form the core of one's personality. Then integrity becomes the core value for the hero of selfhood. Integrity is spelled out in terms of how one is able to resist external forces, challenges, and temptations to act against one's core beliefs and to break up the coherence of these self-defining beliefs. More's challenge came in the form of an oath which required that he swear against his core beliefs and that he offer his own self as the guarantee of the truth of this oath. Bolt goes to great lengths not to portray More as a religious fanatic. More is portrayed as open, inquiring, questioning, and flexible in all areas except that core in terms of which he has defined his own self. To go against this core would be to lose his very identity.

Thomas Cromwell is More's opponent in both Bolt's play, A Man for All Seasons and in Hilary Mantel's recent novels, Wolf Hall and Bring Out the Bodies . But here is where the resemblance ends. In Bolt's play, Cromwell is immoral and Machiavellian. He takes his ends as already given; he accepts them as actionable and even moral without examination and without question. Cromwell, in Bolt's play, restricts himself to figuring out the most effective and direct means to the ends handed down to him by his king (Henry VIII). Cromwell does not worry that his private conscience may be contrary to his public duties. But More does, at least in Bolt's account. In response to another "administrator," Cardinal Wolsey, More says the following: " Well...I believe, when statesmen forsake their own private conscience for the sake of their public duties...they lead their country by a short route to chaos" (MFAS 13). One can get lost in the meandering of means and policies if one does not remain fixed and focused on moral ends.

Mantel's recent novels reverse the relations between More and Cromwell. She writes explicitly and sympathetically from Cromwell's viewpoint adopting a style carefully crafted to transport the reader directly into Cromwell's perspective; the reader literally sees things through Cromwell's eyes. Cromwell is portrayed as a humanist who is plagued by the problem of "dirty hands." This is the supposedly realistic perception that in order to do good one must, in the complicated and imperfect world, do harm. The Machiavellian calculation may be necessary if those intending good are to do good in this imperfect world. Cromwell is aid and advisor to Henry VIII who is, in many ways, a tyrant. Cromwell works to do Henry's will but also to blunt the force of its harmful consequences on others, especially the "common human." (This is the ordinary human who, up to this point, has been left out of the scope of moral consideration.) So Mantel portrays Cromwell as good but also as human and less than perfect; he does his best in a difficult and imperfect world.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
what is hormones?
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Source:  OpenStax, The environments of the organization. OpenStax CNX. Feb 22, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11447/1.9
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