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When this method is called, it does the following:

  • Displays the value of the constructor parameter passed to the object when it was constructed.
  • Displays the identification of the object based on the value of the object counter when it was constructed.

Containment hierarchy is displayed

Because cShow calls bShow , which in turn calls aShow , we should expect that the call to the cShow method on an object of the member class named C would display information about the containment hierarchy.

(Simply as another reminder, the containment hierarchy is completely independent of the inheritance hierarchy.)

Calling cShow

Referring once more to Listing 1 , we see that the method named cShow is called on the object of the class named C when that object is instantiated. We will see the result of that call shortly.

The cShow method

Listing 14 shows the beginning of the cShow method.

The code in Listing 14

  • Displays a string separator to help locate the specific output in the large quantity of output produced by the program.
  • Displays the object identifier based on the object counter.
  • Displays the value passed to the constructor when the object was instantiated.

The screen output

The code in Listing 14 produces the output shown in Figure 7 .

As you can see by comparing this with Listing 1 , this is the first object instantiated from the class named C, and is the object instantiated from thestatement in the main method in Listing 1 . (The constructor parameter value is 3.)

Call the bShow method

Continuing with the code in the cShow method, the code in Listing 15 calls the private method named bShow on the containing object of the class B to which this object is linked.

As you will recall from the previous discussion, the code in the bShow method will, in turn, call the aShow method on the containing object of the class named A to which the object of the class B is linked.

The screen output

The code in Listing 15 produces the output shown in Figure 8 .

As you can see in Figure 8 , the linked objects of the classes B and A are the first objects instantiated from those classes. In addition, the savedvalues of the constructor parameters show that these are the objects that were instantiated by the statement in the main method of Listing 1 .

Call the aShow method

As I explained earlier, the object of the class C is linked to the containing object of the class named B. The code in Listing 16 shows that the object of the class C is also linked to the containing object of the class A (even though the containing class named A is one level removed in the containment hierarchy).

Implicit access

The methods of a member class have implicit access to all members (including private members) of all containing classes. Thus, the code in the cShow method, belonging to the object of the class named C, can directly call the private aShow method of the containing class named A.

The screen output

Therefore, the code in Listing 16 produces the output shown in Figure 9 .

You can tell by the values displayed in Figure 9 that the aShow method called in Listing 16 was called on the same object on which the aShow method was called by the code in Listing 15 . However, in Listing 15 , the bShow method was called first, which in turn called the aShow method.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
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