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Get and display the data in the container

Then the code in the next fragment uses the get method to get and display the values in each of the three elements, causing the followingtext to appear on the screen:

5 10 15

System.out.print(ref.get(0)+" "); System.out.print(ref.get(1)+" ");System.out.print(ref.get(2)+" ");

One step too far

Finally, the code in the next fragment goes one step too far and attempts to get a value from index 3, which is outside the bounds of the container.

System.out.print(ref.get(3)+" ");

This causes the get method of the container object to throw a NoSuchElementException . The program was not designed to handle this exception, so this causes the program to abort with the following text showing on thescreen:

5 10 15 java.util.NoSuchElementException at MyContainer.get(Ap154.java:49)at Worker.doIt(Ap154.java:30) at Ap154.main(Ap154.java:15)

(Note that the values of 5, 10, and 15 were displayed on the screen before the program aborted and displayed the error message.)

Back to Question 4

Answer 3

This program can produce either of the following depending on the value produced by a random boolean value generator:

  • B. Runtime Error
  • C. OK

Explanation 3

Throwing an exception

This program illustrates the use of the throw keyword to throw an exception.

(Note that the throw keyword is different from the throws keyword.)

Throw an exception if random boolean value is true

A random boolean value is obtained. If the value is true, the program throws an IllegalStateException and aborts with the following message on the screen:

java.lang.IllegalStateException at Worker.doIt(Ap153.java:29)at Ap153.main(Ap153.java:20)

If the random boolean value is false, the program runs to completion, displaying the text OK on the screen.

Instantiate a Random object

The following code fragment instantiates a new object of the Random class and stores the object's reference in a reference variable named ref .

void doIt(){ Random ref = new Random(new Date().getTime());

I'm not going to go into a lot of detail about the Random class. Suffice it to say that an object of this class provides methods that will return a pseudorandom sequence of values upon successive calls. You might think of this object as a random value generator.

Seeding the random generator

The constructor for the class accepts a long integer as the seed for the sequence.

(Two Random objects instantiated using the same seed will produce the same sequence of values.)

In this case, I obtained the time in milliseconds, relative to January 1, 1970, as a long integer, and provided that value as the seed. Thus, if you run the program two times in succession, with a time delay of at least one millisecondin between, the random sequences will be different.

Get a random boolean value

The code in the next fragment calls the nextBoolean method on the Random object to obtain a random boolean value. (Think of this as tossing a coin with true on one side and false on the other side.)

if(ref.nextBoolean()){ throw new IllegalStateException();

Throw an exception

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Object-oriented programming (oop) with java. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11441/1.201
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