In the 1992 presidential election, Alaska’s 40 election districts averaged 1956.8 votes per district for President Clinton. The standard deviation was 572.3. (There are only 40 election districts in Alaska.) The distribution of the votes per district for President Clinton was bell-shaped. Let
$X=$ number of votes for President Clinton for an election district. (Source:
The World Almanac and Book of Facts )
State the approximate distribution of
$X$ .
$X$ ~
Is 1956.8 a population mean or a sample mean? How do you know?
Find the probability that a randomly selected district had fewer than 1600 votes for President Clinton. Sketch the graph and write the probability statement.
Find the probability that a randomly selected district had between 1800 and 2000 votes for President Clinton.
Find the third quartile for votes for President Clinton.
Suppose that the duration of a particular type of criminal trial is known to be normally distributed with a mean of 21 days and a standard deviation of 7 days.
In words, define the random variable
$X$ .
$X=$
$X$ ~
If one of the trials is randomly chosen, find the probability that it lasted at least 24 days. Sketch the graph and write the probability statement.
60% of all of these types of trials are completed within how many days?
The duration of a criminal trial
$N(\text{21},7)$
0.3341
22.77
Terri Vogel, an amateur motorcycle racer, averages 129.71 seconds per 2.5 mile lap (in a 7 lap race) with a standard deviation of 2.28 seconds . The distribution of her race times is normally distributed. We are interested in one of her randomly selected laps. (Source: log book of Terri Vogel)
In words, define the random variable
$X$ .
$X=$
$X$ ~
Find the percent of her laps that are completed in less than 130 seconds.
The fastest 3% of her laps are under _______ .
The middle 80% of her laps are from _______ seconds to _______ seconds.
Thuy Dau, Ngoc Bui, Sam Su, and Lan Voung conducted a survey as to how long customers at Lucky claimed to wait in the checkout line until their turn. Let
$X=$ time in line. Below are the ordered real data (in minutes):
0.50
4.25
5.00
6.00
7.25
1.75
4.25
5.25
6.00
7.25
2.00
4.25
5.25
6.25
7.25
2.25
4.25
5.50
6.25
7.75
2.25
4.50
5.50
6.50
8.00
2.50
4.75
5.50
6.50
8.25
2.75
4.75
5.75
6.50
9.50
3.25
4.75
5.75
6.75
9.50
3.75
5.00
6.00
6.75
9.75
3.75
5.00
6.00
6.75
10.75
Calculate the sample mean and the sample standard deviation.
Construct a histogram. Start the
$x-\text{axis}$ at
$-0\text{.}\text{375}$ and make bar widths of 2 minutes.
Draw a smooth curve through the midpoints of the tops of the bars.
In words, describe the shape of your histogram and smooth curve.
Let the sample mean approximate
$\mu $ and the sample standard deviation approximate
$\sigma $ . The distribution of
$X$ can then be approximated by
$X$ ~
Use the distribution in (e) to calculate the probability that a person will wait fewer than 6.1 minutes.
Determine the cumulative relative frequency for waiting less than 6.1 minutes.
Why aren’t the answers to (f) and (g) exactly the same?
Why are the answers to (f) and (g) as close as they are?
If only 10 customers were surveyed instead of 50, do you think the answers to (f) and (g) would have been closer together or farther apart? Explain your conclusion.
The sample mean is 5.51 and the sample standard deviation is 2.15
$N(5\text{.}\text{51},2\text{.}\text{15})$
0.6081
0.64
Suppose that Ricardo and Anita attend different colleges. Ricardo’s GPA is the same as the average GPA at his school. Anita’s GPA is 0.70 standard deviations above her school average. In complete sentences, explain why each of the following statements may be false.
Ricardo’s actual GPA is lower than Anita’s actual GPA.
Ricardo is not passing since his z-score is zero.
Anita is in the 70th percentile of students at her college.
Below is a sample of the maximum capacity (maximum number of spectators) of sports stadiums. The table does not include horse racing or motor racing stadiums. (Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_stadiums_by_capacity )
40,000
40,000
45,050
45,500
46,249
48,134
49,133
50,071
50,096
50,466
50,832
51,100
51,500
51,900
52,000
52,132
52,200
52,530
52,692
53,864
54,000
55,000
55,000
55,000
55,000
55,000
55,000
55,082
57,000
58,008
59,680
60,000
60,000
60,492
60,580
62,380
62,872
64,035
65,000
65,050
65,647
66,000
66,161
67,428
68,349
68,976
69,372
70,107
70,585
71,594
72,000
72,922
73,379
74,500
75,025
76,212
78,000
80,000
80,000
82,300
Calculate the sample mean and the sample standard deviation for the maximum capacity of sports stadiums (the data).
Construct a histogram of the data.
Draw a smooth curve through the midpoints of the tops of the bars of the histogram.
In words, describe the shape of your histogram and smooth curve.
Let the sample mean approximate
$\mu $ and the sample standard deviation approximate
$\sigma $ . The distribution of
$X$ can then be approximated by
$X$ ~
Use the distribution in (e) to calculate the probability that the maximum capacity of sports stadiums is less than 67,000 spectators.
Determine the cumulative relative frequency that the maximum capacity of sports stadiums is less than 67,000 spectators. Hint: Order the data and count the sports stadiums that have a maximum capacity less than 67,000. Divide by the total number of sports stadiums in the sample.
Why aren’t the answers to (f) and (g) exactly the same?
The sample mean is 60,136.4 and the sample standard deviation is 10,468.1.
$N(60136\text{.}\text{4},10468\text{.}\text{1})$
0.7440
0.7167
Try these multiple choice questions
The questions below refer to the following: The patient recovery time from a particular surgical procedure is normally distributed with a mean of 5.3 days and a standard deviation of 2.1 days.
What is the median recovery time?
2.7
5.3
7.4
2.1
B
What is the z-score for a patient who takes 10 days to recover?
1.5
0.2
2.2
7.3
C
What is the probability of spending more than 2 days in recovery?
0.0580
0.8447
0.0553
0.9420
D
The 90th percentile for recovery times is?
8.89
7.07
7.99
4.32
C
The questions below refer to the following: The length of time to find a parking space at 9 A.M. follows a normal distribution with a mean of 5 minutes and a standard deviation of 2 minutes.
Based upon the above information and numerically justified, would you be surprised if it took less than 1 minute to find a parking space?
Yes
No
Unable to determine
A
Find the probability that it takes at least 8 minutes to find a parking space.
0.0001
0.9270
0.1862
0.0668
D
Seventy percent of the time, it takes more than how many minutes to find a parking space?
1.24
2.41
3.95
6.05
C
Questions & Answers
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest.
Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.?
How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.?
what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done
Rafiq
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Source:
OpenStax, Collaborative statistics using spreadsheets. OpenStax CNX. Jan 05, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11521/1.23
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