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By the end of this section, you will be able to:
  • Solve sales tax applications
  • Solve commission applications
  • Solve discount applications
  • Solve mark-up applications

Before you get started, take this readiness quiz.

  1. Solve 0.0875 ( 720 ) through multiplication.
    If you missed this problem, review Decimal Operations .
  2. Solve 12.96 ÷ 0.04 through division.
    If you missed this problem, review Decimal Operations .

Solve sales tax applications

Sales tax and commissions are applications of percent in our everyday lives. To solve these applications, we will follow the same strategy we used in the section on decimal operations. We show it again here for easy reference.

Solve an application
  1. Identify what you are asked to find and choose a variable to represent it.
  2. Write a sentence that gives the information to find it.
  3. Translate the sentence into an equation.
  4. Solve the equation using good algebra techniques.
  5. Check the answer in the problem and make sure it makes sense.
  6. Write a complete sentence that answers the question.

Remember that whatever the application, once we write the sentence with the given information (Step 2), we can translate it to a percent equation and then solve it.

Do you pay a tax when you shop in your city or state? In many parts of the United States, sales tax    is added to the purchase price of an item. See [link] . The sales tax is determined by computing a percent of the purchase price.

To find the sales tax multiply the purchase price by the sales tax rate. Remember to convert the sales tax rate from a percent to a decimal number. Once the sales tax is calculated, it is added to the purchase price. The result is the total cost—this is what the customer pays.

The figure shows a restaurant check with sales tax
The sales tax is calculated as a percent of the purchase price.

Sales tax

The sales tax    is a percent of the purchase price.

Sales Tax = Tax Rate · Purchase Price Total Cost = Purchase Price + Sales Tax

Cathy bought a bicycle in Washington, where the sales tax rate was 6.5% of the purchase price. What was

  1. the sales tax and
  2. the total cost of a bicycle if the purchase price of the bicycle was $392 ?

Solution

Identify what you are asked to find. Let n = number. What is the sales tax?
Choose a variable to represent it. Let t = sales tax.
Write a sentence that gives the information to find it. The sales tax is 6.5% of the purchase price.
Translate into an equation. (Remember to change the percent to a decimal). .
Simplify. .
Check: Is this answer reasonable?
Yes, because the sales tax amount is less than 10% of the purchase price.
Write a complete sentence that answers the question. The sales tax is $25.48.
Identify what you are asked to find. Let n = number. What is the total cost of the bicycle?
Choose a variable to represent it. Let c = total cost of bicycle.
Write a sentence that gives the information to find it. The total cost is the purchase price plus the sales tax.
Translate into an equation. .
Simplify. .
Check: Is this answer reasonable?
Yes, because the total cost is a little more than the purchase price.
Write a complete sentence that answers the question. The sales tax is $26.46 and the total cost is the price plus the sales tax or $392 + $25.48 = $417.48.
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Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
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da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
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da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
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what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
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what is a peer
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What is meant by 'nano scale'?
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What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Practice Key Terms 9

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Source:  OpenStax, Prealgebra. OpenStax CNX. Jul 15, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11756/1.9
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