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This module discusses expectations and techniques to prepare students for collaboration and cooperation.

Students need to know that you value cooperation and collaboration. Design activities that require cooperation. Students also need to know that you value groups as one way for them to discuss ideas and learn from each other. When setting the stage for cooperation, it is useful to encourage students to try ways of learning that are often shunned in more individually-oriented courses:

  • Encourage students to study and prepare for exams together.
  • Encourage students to explain difficult and hard-to-understand concepts to each other.
  • Encourage students to evaluate each other's work.
  • Encourage students to praise each other.
  • Encourage students to seek out classmates with backgrounds and viewpoints that are different from their own.
  • Encourage students to use peer editing.

To ensure students understand that groups have a definite academic focus (as opposed to merely a social focus), carefully develop instructions and statements so group members understand that communications that express an opinion, advance an idea, propose a hypothesis, or defend a position are encouraged forms of learning. All students have something useful to say and "making meaning" can happen in a variety of ways.

To set the stage for cooperation and collaboration, spend some time crafting language to discuss the following points:

  • For cooperation to become a strong learning tool, groups should develop norms that support the idea that the success of the individual is tied to the success of others.
  • Create the expectation that individuals will assist others to reach group goals.
  • Shared goals, specific roles, and division of labor are norms that support cooperation
  • The expectation should be that individuals should do their share of the work and the work should be distributed.
  • Interpersonal skills are crucial (Establish trust, communicate clearly, provide support, and resolve conflict).
  • Reflective Processes (Talk about how well the group is functioning and what needs to be improved to meet group goals. )

Adapted from information on collaborative learning at: http://www.ssn.flinders.edu.au/flexed/innovations/elements.php

For groups to actively co-construct knowledge, care must be taken to set appropriate tasks that are challenging enough to require the expertise of a group. The tendency is often to list too many tasks that are too easy. The results of such efforts are that individual tasks are assigned within the group with no shared interaction. Students also need some guidance with developing the necessary skills to work cooperatively with others. This doesn't happen automatically, these skills are developed through practice and repetition.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Promising practices in online teaching and learning. OpenStax CNX. Aug 11, 2008 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10559/1.2
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