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In Manchuria, the proto-Mongolian people, the Khitan, had begun to raid the Chinese border as early as 695 and they continued throughout this 8th century. A little to their east were the P'o-Hai, a powerful kingdom set on the Chinese model but established by the remnants of the Korean Koguryo nobles. They remained independent from 710 on for some two centuries. (Ref. 8 )


We have previously indicated that for centuries it had been the custom for the Japanese royal family to change its capital each time a ruling emperor died. The so-called Nara period started with the capital at that city in 710, but this metropolis was too large to be torn down and moved each generation and that practice was stopped, at least until the final move to Kyoto in A.D. 794. Both Nara and Kyoto had been constructed using Baghdad as a model. (Ref. 8 ) After Emperor Kammu transferred his capital to Kyoto, Japanese art, previously under Chinese influences, developed its own mature style and taste. (Ref. 19 ) After Kammu's death the emperor's role deteriorated somewhat. Throughout this period, under Fujiwara ministers, court life had become a great pageant of ceremonies and costumes, and gradually the emperor's person, itself, became so taboo and awe-inspiring, as a rouged and gilded doll, that he began to be veiled from the world and the Fujiwaras took all responsibility for decisions, good or bad, shielding the throne. gradually came to believe in an emperor who was at the same time "a mortal god, a zero infinity, an impotent omnipotence"

The quotation is from Bergamini, (Ref. 12 )
. New civil and penal codes and the Yoro Laws, which were revisions of the Taiho Reforms, came into effect about 757 and gradually became more effective.

In 752 the Great Buddha at Nara, a 53 foot bronze figure, was dedicated as the cherished project of the Shomas. At the end of the century, in 790, Japan had a sustained epidemic with women under 30 years and males of all ages afflicted. (Ref. 140 )


Most of Korea was now united under the Silla Dynasty. Buddhism and art flourished, particularly at the capital on the site of modern Kyongju.

Southeast asia

The T'ai, or Shan, peoples had been infiltrating down into the southeast Asian peninsula for several centuries and now they formed a kingdom in Yunnan province of China.

The Dvaravati kingdom of Khmer people was Buddhist, rather than Brahman in religion, and in this century migrants were sent to the upper Menam Valley where they established the independent Kingdom of Haripunjaya, with a capital near the present Chiengmai. All of this occurred in what is now Thailand. Burma was under Indian influence and had Hindu commercial settlements on the Tenasserim coast and at the principal river mouths. In Cambodia the war-like course of the Chenlas was brought to an end when a king from Java entered and beheaded the Chenla ruler. Although the Javanese soon withdrew, that kingdom declined. On the Atlantic coast was Champa, under strong Indian influence. (Ref. 119 , 37 , 8 )

Throughout the first millennium after Christ, but particularly from the 7th to the 16th century, Indian culture and religious influence spread throughout Indonesia and in particular it created a distinctive civilization in Java. This society, controlled by the Buddhist king of the Sailendra Dynasty, was second only to the Khmers in southeast Asia. (Ref. 18 , 19 ) In this and the next century, Arab traders brought the Moslem religion to the Philippines and then, in turn, came the Indians. (Ref. 153 )

Forward to The Far East: A.D. 801 to 900

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Questions & Answers

does psychology deal with love?
Mohammed Reply
Maybe, i think
I definitely would say yes
how so
there are so many different reasons why you can fall in love with someone, many of them develope subconsciously -> psychology
love messes with the brain, a lot, ergo I believe that Psychology does indeed deal with love
what is synapse
Katie Reply
In the central nervous system, a synapse is a small gap at the end of a neuron that allows a signal to pass from one neuron to the next. synapse are found where nerve cells connect with other nerve cells
can you do auto book auto
Mariah Reply
WHT u mean?
heyy, may i join the conversation please?
edem Reply
who is the father of psychology
Richy Reply
and please, how would you guys, describe the study of psychology at college ?
psychologist student?
i mean not yet but am about to start college so wanna know how is it(college in general and psychology course) please
Psychology is the study of mind and behaviour. So if you will take psychology as a subject so you will get to know how your everything (physical, mental, social, spiritual aspects) effects your behaviour
With this brief knowledge you can help people to cope up with their problems and only you can guide them correctly
And if you go for further specialisations you can study hypnosis, face reading, body language etc
Thanks a lot🙏🏾 And ik some of the stuffs u said but i am also going to write thesis, right ?
ok no prob, thanks a lot🙏🏾✨
hae everyone, hope you are well this evning my question is what is the difference between drive and motivation
good question
drive is more like an impulse or urge and i think they both go together (drive and motivation) even if there is a slight difference
@ Michael Drive is delivered to be innate without the use of an external stimuli, motivation normally evolves an outside stimuli which may include praise, appreciate, or reward.
*believed...sorry for typo
@Reginald, can't the motivation come from the inner self?
Good question, please give an example.
can we say desire of success for example
Wilhelm Wundt is the father of psychology
Wilhem Wundt thank you for the road that you opened.
You mean who is the father of having a great educated argumentative guess? nothing is more wrong than this question. The question is you should ask yourselfs is, how sure are you abour their scientific studying? one's percieved assimilated approach to judging another person and saying they are
the biggest problem with scientific research and data is that ya you could get the same result 1000 times then it could go the other way 1000 times, but we would never know that and we did, we would still say ya but the proof is there. The only thing science proves is that humanity has
no facts about human behavior in the scientific context, but more in the trial and error.. sorry to tell you, but so far no one has proven Father of anything, thats up to you and i, judgement is bias, science is good enough lazy
cognitive development is the growing and development of the brain.
Jessy Reply
Anyone knows about Techno-fascism?
Hussein Reply
Ecofascism is a theoretical political model in which an authoritarian government would require individuals to sacrifice their own interests to the "organic whole of nature". The term is also used as a rhetorical pejorative to undermine the environmental movement.
what's the big difference between prejudice and discrimination?
Danice Reply
A prejudiced person may not act on their attitude.  Therefore, someone can be prejudiced towards a certain group but not discriminate against them.  Also, prejudice includes all three components of an attitude (affective, behavioral and cognitive), whereas discrimination just involves behavior
Nancy Lee
what is all about cognitive development?
cognitive development is the growing and development of the brain
how do you control a variable when using spss whilst running a pearsons correlation analysis?
Jessie Reply
it dependa on your study. according to what you want to say and explain your result
why does it say her and she
Jayla Reply
stages of cognitive development
brivia Reply
sensory preoperatinal concrete formal
what is psychology
Chethani Reply
the study of insecurities and the effect on the host .
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior & mental processes
psychology is science about learning human behaviour
In thinking about the case of Candace described earlier, do you think that Candace benefitted or suffered as a result of consistently being passed on to the next grade?
Nene Reply
what is reward
Angeles Reply
reward is a technique to change behaviour
Reward is a way to promote a specific behaviour or to teach someone/ something to behave a specific way or perform a specific task.
a reward is something that is usually associated with desirable behavior. The child got a reward for winning the game. A reinforcer is different in that a reinforcer is anything that increases behavior, even if it is increasing an undesirable behavior.
reward is earned effort realized
why heroine addicted people smoke heroine in a dirty and polluted place ?
Najeem Reply
/i don't know
I believe they don't wanna be seen
Rajendra Singh I'm asking from those who know thanks for your comment
Ruphine it's not a scientific answer
more my personal opinions and experiences than a real answer but more of an answer than the question marks
what's the data or fact that actually say that heroine smokers host in dirty and polluted place.
Generally the more time an addict is using and the harder they use the more their life and everything around them crumbles. it's quite common to find neat respectable clean users but over time the addiction increases and their health declines along with their ability to keep up day to day duties.
I'll see if I can find some links for you to have a read.
hi. as heroine affedted exactly on the brain, it should be because the chages heroine makes on frintal lobe and sensory and motor parts. after a while the cannot behave in a normal way. in a way heroine ruines the neurones
The things said in the thread are some of the most horridly presumptuous & unwarrantedly pretentious statements I've read in my entire life. It's distastefully disrespect, to say the least.
Pouran Hi! thanks for answering I'm agree with your opinion and may the answer be the same
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Source:  OpenStax, A comprehensive outline of world history (organized by region). OpenStax CNX. Nov 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10597/1.2
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