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Online learners. Higher education professionals at Noel-Levitz, Inc. (2008) reported in the National Online Learners Priorities Report that students continued to seek online learning options as a flexible way to meet program requirements while balancing work and home commitments. To meet this demand, serving these students became a priority for colleges and universities. According to Granger and Benke (1998), the majority of distance learners were adults beyond the traditional age of undergraduate students. They returned to education for a particular reason: to qualify for promotion, to prepare for a new job, because their employer expects it, or as a personal goal. These learners were goal oriented, (obtaining their degree or certificate), task-oriented, had busy lives already, and their education competed with jobs, childcare, household responsibilities, etc. Granger and Benke (1998) reported that the distance learners brought specific skills, such as critical reading and thinking, and prior knowledge to the educational experience. The researchers also identified the learners as actively engaged and self-motivated. Noel-Levitz, Inc. (2008) identified additional factors that influence learners’ decisions to enroll in online programs. These factors included: convenience, work schedule, reputation of institution, cost and future employment opportunities. When summarizing the findings from the National Survey of Student Engagement (Wasley, 2006), found that online distance education students who engaged in academically rigorous and relevant activities reported that they had positive educational experiences while interacting with both instructors and classmates.

Online learning in K-12. Since its original 2007 study of online learning in K-12, Picciano&Seaman (2009) reported a 47% increase in the number of K-12 students enrolled in online courses. After replicating their 2007 study, Sloan Consortium (2009) noted support for the prediction that online enrollment in K-12 could reach close to 6 million students by 2016. According to Christensen (2008), delivery of online instruction could be the catalyst necessary for essential educational transformation.

According to Watson, Murin, Vashaw, Gemin and Rapp (2011), online teaching required a different skill set that must be identified and developed. During the initial stage of online learning, professional development was provided by the school due to a lack of other opportunities. However, that trend was beginning to change and professional development options were available for beginning, intermediate, and advanced online teachers. A small number of university teacher preparation programs were beginning to develop certificate programs in online teaching and other continuing education options that addressed instructional design, use of technology in online teaching and learning, building online communities, and promoting synchronous and asynchronous interaction. In addition, an internship or practicum was offered to support course work. However, these programs were the exception, and most teacher preparation programs did not focus on online learning.

Questions & Answers

Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
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Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea handbook of online instruction and programs in education leadership. OpenStax CNX. Mar 06, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11375/1.24
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