



In this module we consider differential entropy.
Consider the entropy of
continuous random variables. Whereas the (normal)
entropy is the entropy of a
discrete random variable, the differential entropy is the entropy of a continuous random variable.
Differential entropy
Differential entropy
 The differential entropy
$h(X)$ of a continuous random variable
$X$ with a pdf
$f(x)$ is defined as
$h(X)=\int_{()} \,d x$∞
∞
f
x
f
x
Usually the logarithm is taken to be base 2, so that the unit of the differential entropy is bits/symbol. Note that is the discrete case,
$h(X)$ depends only on the pdf of
$X$ . Finally, we note that
the differential entropy is the expected value of
$\lg f(x)$ , i.e.,
$h(X)=E(\lg f(x))$
Now, consider a calculating the differential entropy of some random variables.
Consider a normal distributed random variable
$X$ , with mean
$m$ and
variance
$\sigma ^{2}$ .
Then its density is
$\sqrt{\frac{1}{2\pi \sigma ^{2}}}e^{\left(\frac{(xm)^{2}}{2\sigma ^{2}}\right)}$ .
We can then find its differential entropy as follows, first calculate
$\lg f(x)$ :
$\lg f(x)=\frac{1}{2}\lg (2\pi \sigma ^{2})+\lg e()\frac{(xm)^{2}}{2\sigma ^{2}}$
Then since
$E((Xm)^{2})=\sigma ^{2}$ ,
we have
$h(X)=\frac{1}{2}\lg (2\pi \sigma ^{2})+\frac{1}{2}\lg e=\frac{1}{2}\lg (2\pi \times e\sigma ^{2})$
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Properties of the differential entropy
In the section we list some properties of the differential entropy.
 The differential entropy can be negative

$h(X+c)=h(X)$ , that is translation
does not change the differential entropy.

$h(aX)=h(X)+\lg \lefta\right$ , that is scaling
does change the differential entropy.
The first property is seen from both
and
. The two latter can be shown by using
.
Questions & Answers
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
is there industrial application of fullrenes.
What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest.
Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.?
How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.?
what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done
Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:
OpenStax, Information and signal theory. OpenStax CNX. Aug 03, 2006 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10211/1.19
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