# 5.4 Archimedes’ principle  (Page 5/9)

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$\text{apparent weight loss = weight of fluid displaced}$

or

$\text{apparent mass loss = mass of fluid displaced.}$

The next example illustrates the use of this technique.

## Calculating density: is the coin authentic?

The mass of an ancient Greek coin is determined in air to be 8.630 g. When the coin is submerged in water as shown in [link] , its apparent mass is 7.800 g. Calculate its density, given that water has a density of $1\text{.}\text{000}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}{\text{g/cm}}^{3}$ and that effects caused by the wire suspending the coin are negligible.

Strategy

To calculate the coin’s density, we need its mass (which is given) and its volume. The volume of the coin equals the volume of water displaced. The volume of water displaced ${V}_{\text{w}}$ can be found by solving the equation for density $\rho =\frac{m}{V}$ for $V$ .

Solution

The volume of water is ${V}_{\text{w}}=\frac{{m}_{\text{w}}}{{\rho }_{\text{w}}}$ where ${m}_{\text{w}}$ is the mass of water displaced. As noted, the mass of the water displaced equals the apparent mass loss, which is ${m}_{\text{w}}=8\text{.}\text{630 g}-7\text{.}\text{800 g}=0\text{.}\text{830 g}$ . Thus the volume of water is ${V}_{\text{w}}=\frac{0\text{.}\text{830 g}}{1\text{.}\text{000 g}{\text{/cm}}^{3}}=0\text{.}\text{830}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}{\text{cm}}^{3}$ . This is also the volume of the coin, since it is completely submerged. We can now find the density of the coin using the definition of density:

${\rho }_{\text{c}}=\frac{{m}_{\text{c}}}{{V}_{c}}=\frac{8\text{.}\text{630 g}}{0\text{.830 c}{\text{m}}^{3}}=\text{10}\text{.}4 g{\text{/cm}}^{3}.$

Discussion

You see that this density is very close to that of pure silver, appropriate for this type of ancient coin. Most modern counterfeits are not pure silver.

This brings us back to Archimedes’ principle and how it came into being. As the story goes, the king of Syracuse gave Archimedes the task of determining whether the royal crown maker was supplying a crown of pure gold. The purity of gold is difficult to determine by color (it can be diluted with other metals and still look as yellow as pure gold), and other analytical techniques had not yet been conceived. Even ancient peoples, however, realized that the density of gold was greater than that of any other then-known substance. Archimedes purportedly agonized over his task and had his inspiration one day while at the public baths, pondering the support the water gave his body. He came up with his now-famous principle, saw how to apply it to determine density, and ran naked down the streets of Syracuse crying “Eureka!” (Greek for “I have found it”). Similar behavior can be observed in contemporary physicists from time to time!

## Section summary

• Buoyant force is the net upward force on any object in any fluid. If the buoyant force is greater than the object’s weight, the object will rise to the surface and float. If the buoyant force is less than the object’s weight, the object will sink. If the buoyant force equals the object’s weight, the object will remain suspended at that depth. The buoyant force is always present whether the object floats, sinks, or is suspended in a fluid.
• Archimedes’ principle states that the buoyant force on an object equals the weight of the fluid it displaces.
• Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of an object to a fluid (usually water).

## Conceptual questions

More force is required to pull the plug in a full bathtub than when it is empty. Does this contradict Archimedes’ principle? Explain your answer.

#### Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
no can't
Lohitha
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William
currently
William
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nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
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da
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Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
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Alexandre
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is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
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what is a peer
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LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
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Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
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Mahi
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Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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