According to a Gallup poll, 60% of American adults prefer saving over spending. Let
X = the number of American adults out of a random sample of 50 who prefer saving to spending.
What is the probability distribution for
X ?
Use your calculator to find the following probabilities:
the probability that 25 adults in the sample prefer saving over spending
the probability that at most 20 adults prefer saving
the probability that more than 30 adults prefer saving
Using the formulas, calculate the (i) mean and (ii) standard deviation of
X .
X ∼
B (50, 0.6)
Using the TI-83, 83+, 84 calculator with instructions as provided in
[link] :
P (
x = 25) = binompdf(50, 0.6, 25) = 0.0405
P (
x ≤ 20) = binomcdf(50, 0.6, 20) = 0.0034
P (
x >30) = 1 - binomcdf(50, 0.6, 30) = 1 – 0.5535 = 0.4465
Mean =
np = 50(0.6) = 30
Standard Deviation =
$\sqrt{npq}$ =
$\sqrt{50\left(0.6\right)\left(0.4\right)}$ ≈ 3.4641
The lifetime risk of developing pancreatic cancer is about one in 78 (1.28%). Suppose we randomly sample 200 people. Let
X = the number of people who will develop pancreatic cancer.
What is the probability distribution for
X ?
Using the formulas, calculate the (i) mean and (ii) standard deviation of
X .
Use your calculator to find the probability that at most eight people develop pancreatic cancer
Is it more likely that five or six people will develop pancreatic cancer? Justify your answer numerically.
X ∼
B (200, 0.0128)
Mean =
np = 200(0.0128) = 2.56
Standard Deviation =
$\sqrt{npq}\text{=}\sqrt{\text{(200)(0}\text{.0128)(0.9872)}}\approx 1.\text{5897}$
Using the TI-83, 83+, 84 calculator with instructions as provided in
[link] :
P (
x ≤ 8) = binomcdf(200, 0.0128, 8) = 0.9988
P (
x = 5) = binompdf(200, 0.0128, 5) = 0.0707
P (
x = 6) = binompdf(200, 0.0128, 6) = 0.0298
So
P (
x = 5)>
P (
x = 6); it is more likely that five people will develop cancer than six.
Try it
During the 2013 regular NBA season, DeAndre Jordan of the Los Angeles Clippers had the highest field goal completion rate in the league. DeAndre scored with 61.3% of his shots. Suppose you choose a random sample of 80 shots made by DeAndre during the 2013 season. Let
X = the number of shots that scored points.
What is the probability distribution for
X ?
Using the formulas, calculate the (i) mean and (ii) standard deviation of
X .
Use your calculator to find the probability that DeAndre scored with 60 of these shots.
Find the probability that DeAndre scored with more than 50 of these shots.
X ~
B (80, 0.613)
Mean =
np = 80(0.613) = 49.04
Standard Deviation =
$\sqrt{npq}=\sqrt{80(0.613)(0.387)}\approx 4.3564$
Using the TI-83, 83+, 84 calculator with instructions as provided in
[link] :
P (
x = 60) = binompdf(80, 0.613, 60) = 0.0036
P (
x >50) = 1 –
P (
x ≤ 50) = 1 – binomcdf(80, 0.613, 50) = 1 – 0.6282 = 0.3718
The following example illustrates a problem that is
not binomial. It violates the condition of independence. ABC College has a student advisory committee made up of ten staff members and six students. The committee wishes to choose a chairperson and a recorder. What is the probability that the chairperson and recorder are both students? The names of all committee members are put into a box, and two names are drawn
without replacement . The first name drawn determines the chairperson and the second name the recorder. There are two trials. However, the trials are not independent because the outcome of the first trial affects the outcome of the second trial. The probability of a student on the first draw is
$\frac{6}{16}$ . The probability of a student on the second draw is
$\frac{5}{15}$ , when the first draw selects a student. The probability is
$\frac{6}{15}$ , when the first draw selects a staff member. The probability of drawing a student's name changes for each of the trials and, therefore, violates the condition of independence.
Questions & Answers
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
Source:
OpenStax, Introduction to statistics i - stat 213 - university of calgary - ver2015revb. OpenStax CNX. Oct 21, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11874/1.3
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