<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Use a graphing utility to find an exponential regression formula f ( x ) and a logarithmic regression formula g ( x ) for the points ( 1.5 , 1.5 ) and ( 8.5 ,  8 .5 ) . Round all numbers to 6 decimal places. Graph the points and both formulas along with the line y = x on the same axis. Make a conjecture about the relationship of the regression formulas.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Verify the conjecture made in the previous exercise. Round all numbers to six decimal places when necessary.

First rewrite the exponential with base e : f ( x ) = 1.034341 e 0 .247800x . Then test to verify that f ( g ( x ) ) = x , taking rounding error into consideration:

g ( f ( x ) ) = 4.035510 ln ( 1.034341 e 0 .247800x ) 0.136259 = 4.03551 ( ln ( 1.034341 ) + ln ( e 0 .2478 x ) ) 0.136259 = 4.03551 ( ln ( 1.034341 ) + 0 .2478 x ) 0.136259 = 0.136257 + 0.999999 x 0.136259 = 0.000002 + 0.999999 x 0 + x = x

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Find the inverse function f 1 ( x ) for the logistic function f ( x ) = c 1 + a e b x . Show all steps.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Use the result from the previous exercise to graph the logistic model P ( t ) = 20 1 + 4 e 0.5 t along with its inverse on the same axis. What are the intercepts and asymptotes of each function?

Graph of P(t)=20/(1+40.5e^(-0.5t)) and P(t)=(ln(4)-ln((20/t)-1)/0.5.

The graph of P ( t ) has a y -intercept at (0, 4) and horizontal asymptotes at y = 0 and y = 20. The graph of P 1 ( t ) has an x - intercept at (4, 0) and vertical asymptotes at x = 0 and x = 20.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Chapter review exercises

Exponential Functions

Determine whether the function y = 156 ( 0.825 ) t represents exponential growth, exponential decay, or neither. Explain

exponential decay; The growth factor, 0.825 , is between 0 and 1.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

The population of a herd of deer is represented by the function A ( t ) = 205 ( 1.13 ) t , where t is given in years. To the nearest whole number, what will the herd population be after 6 years?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Find an exponential equation that passes through the points (2, 2 .25) and ( 5 , 60.75 ) .

y = 0.25 ( 3 ) x

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Determine whether [link] could represent a function that is linear, exponential, or neither. If it appears to be exponential, find a function that passes through the points.

x 1 2 3 4
f(x) 3 0.9 0.27 0.081
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

A retirement account is opened with an initial deposit of $8,500 and earns 8.12 % interest compounded monthly. What will the account be worth in 20 years?

$ 42 , 888.18

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Hsu-Mei wants to save $5,000 for a down payment on a car. To the nearest dollar, how much will she need to invest in an account now with 7.5 % APR, compounded daily, in order to reach her goal in 3 years?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Does the equation y = 2.294 e 0.654 t represent continuous growth, continuous decay, or neither? Explain.

continuous decay; the growth rate is negative.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Suppose an investment account is opened with an initial deposit of $10,500 earning 6.25 % interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 25 years?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Graphs of Exponential Functions

Graph the function f ( x ) = 3.5 ( 2 ) x . State the domain and range and give the y -intercept.

domain: all real numbers; range: all real numbers strictly greater than zero; y -intercept: (0, 3.5);

Graph of f(x)=3.5(2^x)
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Graph the function f ( x ) = 4 ( 1 8 ) x and its reflection about the y -axis on the same axes, and give the y -intercept.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

The graph of f ( x ) = 6.5 x is reflected about the y -axis and stretched vertically by a factor of 7. What is the equation of the new function, g ( x ) ? State its y -intercept, domain, and range.

g ( x ) = 7 ( 6.5 ) x ; y -intercept: ( 0 ,  7 ) ; Domain: all real numbers; Range: all real numbers greater than 0.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

x=-b+_Гb2-(4ac) ______________ 2a
Ahlicia Reply
I've run into this: x = r*cos(angle1 + angle2) Which expands to: x = r(cos(angle1)*cos(angle2) - sin(angle1)*sin(angle2)) The r value confuses me here, because distributing it makes: (r*cos(angle2))(cos(angle1) - (r*sin(angle2))(sin(angle1)) How does this make sense? Why does the r distribute once
Carlos Reply
so good
this is an identity when 2 adding two angles within a cosine. it's called the cosine sum formula. there is also a different formula when cosine has an angle minus another angle it's called the sum and difference formulas and they are under any list of trig identities
How can you tell what type of parent function a graph is ?
Mary Reply
generally by how the graph looks and understanding what the base parent functions look like and perform on a graph
if you have a graphed line, you can have an idea by how the directions of the line turns, i.e. negative, positive, zero
y=x will obviously be a straight line with a zero slope
y=x^2 will have a parabolic line opening to positive infinity on both sides of the y axis vice versa with y=-x^2 you'll have both ends of the parabolic line pointing downward heading to negative infinity on both sides of the y axis
y=x will be a straight line, but it will have a slope of one. Remember, if y=1 then x=1, so for every unit you rise you move over positively one unit. To get a straight line with a slope of 0, set y=1 or any integer.
yes, correction on my end, I meant slope of 1 instead of slope of 0
what is f(x)=
Karim Reply
I don't understand
Typically a function 'f' will take 'x' as input, and produce 'y' as output. As 'f(x)=y'. According to Google, "The range of a function is the complete set of all possible resulting values of the dependent variable (y, usually), after we have substituted the domain."
Sorry, I don't know where the "Â"s came from. They shouldn't be there. Just ignore them. :-)
It is the  that should not be there. It doesn't seem to show if encloses in quotation marks. "Â" or 'Â' ... Â
Now it shows, go figure?
what is this?
unknown Reply
i do not understand anything
lol...it gets better
I've been struggling so much through all of this. my final is in four weeks 😭
this book is an excellent resource! have you guys ever looked at the online tutoring? there's one that is called "That Tutor Guy" and he goes over a lot of the concepts
thank you I have heard of him. I should check him out.
is there any question in particular?
I have always struggled with math. I get lost really easy, if you have any advice for that, it would help tremendously.
Sure, are you in high school or college?
Hi, apologies for the delayed response. I'm in college.
how to solve polynomial using a calculator
Ef Reply
So a horizontal compression by factor of 1/2 is the same as a horizontal stretch by a factor of 2, right?
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1), and the lenght of the major axis is 26
Rima Reply
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1) and the lenght of the major axis is 26 what will be the answer?
I done know
What kind of answer is that😑?
I had just woken up when i got this message
Can you please help me. Tomorrow is the deadline of my assignment then I don't know how to solve that
i have a question.
how do you find the real and complex roots of a polynomial?
@abdul with delta maybe which is b(square)-4ac=result then the 1st root -b-radical delta over 2a and the 2nd root -b+radical delta over 2a. I am not sure if this was your question but check it up
This is the actual question: Find all roots(real and complex) of the polynomial f(x)=6x^3 + x^2 - 4x + 1
@Nare please let me know if you can solve it.
I have a question
hello guys I'm new here? will you happy with me
The average annual population increase of a pack of wolves is 25.
Brittany Reply
how do you find the period of a sine graph
Imani Reply
Period =2π if there is a coefficient (b), just divide the coefficient by 2π to get the new period
if not then how would I find it from a graph
by looking at the graph, find the distance between two consecutive maximum points (the highest points of the wave). so if the top of one wave is at point A (1,2) and the next top of the wave is at point B (6,2), then the period is 5, the difference of the x-coordinates.
you could also do it with two consecutive minimum points or x-intercepts
I will try that thank u
Case of Equilateral Hyperbola
Jhon Reply
f(x)=4x+2, find f(3)
f(3)=4(3)+2 f(3)=14
pre calc teacher: "Plug in Plug in...smell's good" f(x)=14
Explain why log a x is not defined for a < 0
Baptiste Reply
the sum of any two linear polynomial is what
Esther Reply
divide simplify each answer 3/2÷5/4
Momo Reply
divide simplify each answer 25/3÷5/12
how can are find the domain and range of a relations
austin Reply
the range is twice of the natural number which is the domain

Get the best Precalculus course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Precalculus. OpenStax CNX. Jan 19, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11667/1.6
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Precalculus' conversation and receive update notifications?