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Use a graphing utility to find an exponential regression formula f ( x ) and a logarithmic regression formula g ( x ) for the points ( 1.5 , 1.5 ) and ( 8.5 ,  8 .5 ) . Round all numbers to 6 decimal places. Graph the points and both formulas along with the line y = x on the same axis. Make a conjecture about the relationship of the regression formulas.

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Verify the conjecture made in the previous exercise. Round all numbers to six decimal places when necessary.

First rewrite the exponential with base e : f ( x ) = 1.034341 e 0 .247800x . Then test to verify that f ( g ( x ) ) = x , taking rounding error into consideration:

g ( f ( x ) ) = 4.035510 ln ( 1.034341 e 0 .247800x ) 0.136259 = 4.03551 ( ln ( 1.034341 ) + ln ( e 0 .2478 x ) ) 0.136259 = 4.03551 ( ln ( 1.034341 ) + 0 .2478 x ) 0.136259 = 0.136257 + 0.999999 x 0.136259 = 0.000002 + 0.999999 x 0 + x = x

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Find the inverse function f 1 ( x ) for the logistic function f ( x ) = c 1 + a e b x . Show all steps.

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Use the result from the previous exercise to graph the logistic model P ( t ) = 20 1 + 4 e 0.5 t along with its inverse on the same axis. What are the intercepts and asymptotes of each function?

Graph of P(t)=20/(1+40.5e^(-0.5t)) and P(t)=(ln(4)-ln((20/t)-1)/0.5.

The graph of P ( t ) has a y -intercept at (0, 4) and horizontal asymptotes at y = 0 and y = 20. The graph of P 1 ( t ) has an x - intercept at (4, 0) and vertical asymptotes at x = 0 and x = 20.

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Chapter review exercises

Exponential Functions

Determine whether the function y = 156 ( 0.825 ) t represents exponential growth, exponential decay, or neither. Explain

exponential decay; The growth factor, 0.825 , is between 0 and 1.

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The population of a herd of deer is represented by the function A ( t ) = 205 ( 1.13 ) t , where t is given in years. To the nearest whole number, what will the herd population be after 6 years?

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Find an exponential equation that passes through the points (2, 2 .25) and ( 5 , 60.75 ) .

y = 0.25 ( 3 ) x

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Determine whether [link] could represent a function that is linear, exponential, or neither. If it appears to be exponential, find a function that passes through the points.

x 1 2 3 4
f(x) 3 0.9 0.27 0.081
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A retirement account is opened with an initial deposit of $8,500 and earns 8.12 % interest compounded monthly. What will the account be worth in 20 years?

$ 42 , 888.18

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Hsu-Mei wants to save $5,000 for a down payment on a car. To the nearest dollar, how much will she need to invest in an account now with 7.5 % APR, compounded daily, in order to reach her goal in 3 years?

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Does the equation y = 2.294 e 0.654 t represent continuous growth, continuous decay, or neither? Explain.

continuous decay; the growth rate is negative.

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Suppose an investment account is opened with an initial deposit of $10,500 earning 6.25 % interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 25 years?

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Graphs of Exponential Functions

Graph the function f ( x ) = 3.5 ( 2 ) x . State the domain and range and give the y -intercept.

domain: all real numbers; range: all real numbers strictly greater than zero; y -intercept: (0, 3.5);

Graph of f(x)=3.5(2^x)
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Graph the function f ( x ) = 4 ( 1 8 ) x and its reflection about the y -axis on the same axes, and give the y -intercept.

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The graph of f ( x ) = 6.5 x is reflected about the y -axis and stretched vertically by a factor of 7. What is the equation of the new function, g ( x ) ? State its y -intercept, domain, and range.

g ( x ) = 7 ( 6.5 ) x ; y -intercept: ( 0 ,  7 ) ; Domain: all real numbers; Range: all real numbers greater than 0.

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Questions & Answers

can you not take the square root of a negative number
Sharon Reply
No because a negative times a negative is a positive. No matter what you do you can never multiply the same number by itself and end with a negative
Actually you can. you get what's called an Imaginary number denoted by i which is represented on the complex plane. The reply above would be correct if we were still confined to the "real" number line.
Suppose P= {-3,1,3} Q={-3,-2-1} and R= {-2,2,3}.what is the intersection
Elaine Reply
can I get some pretty basic questions
Ama Reply
In what way does set notation relate to function notation
is precalculus needed to take caculus
Amara Reply
It depends on what you already know. Just test yourself with some precalculus questions. If you find them easy, you're good to go.
the solution doesn't seem right for this problem
Mars Reply
what is the domain of f(x)=x-4/x^2-2x-15 then
Conney Reply
x is different from -5&3
All real x except 5 and - 3
how to prroved cos⁴x-sin⁴x= cos²x-sin²x are equal
jeric Reply
Don't think that you can.
By using some imaginary no.
how do you provided cos⁴x-sin⁴x = cos²x-sin²x are equal
jeric Reply
What are the question marks for?
Someone should please solve it for me Add 2over ×+3 +y-4 over 5 simplify (×+a)with square root of two -×root 2 all over a multiply 1over ×-y{(×-y)(×+y)} over ×y
Abena Reply
For the first question, I got (3y-2)/15 Second one, I got Root 2 Third one, I got 1/(y to the fourth power) I dont if it's right cause I can barely understand the question.
Is under distribute property, inverse function, algebra and addition and multiplication function; so is a combined question
find the equation of the line if m=3, and b=-2
Ashley Reply
graph the following linear equation using intercepts method. 2x+y=4
ok, one moment
how do I post your graph for you?
it won't let me send an image?
also for the first one... y=mx+b so.... y=3x-2
y=mx+b you were already given the 'm' and 'b'. so.. y=3x-2
Please were did you get y=mx+b from
y=mx+b is the formula of a straight line. where m = the slope & b = where the line crosses the y-axis. In this case, being that the "m" and "b", are given, all you have to do is plug them into the formula to complete the equation.
thanks Tommy
0=3x-2 2=3x x=3/2 then . y=3/2X-2 I think
co ordinates for x x=0,(-2,0) x=1,(1,1) x=2,(2,4)
"7"has an open circle and "10"has a filled in circle who can I have a set builder notation
Fiston Reply
Where do the rays point?
x=-b+_Гb2-(4ac) ______________ 2a
Ahlicia Reply
I've run into this: x = r*cos(angle1 + angle2) Which expands to: x = r(cos(angle1)*cos(angle2) - sin(angle1)*sin(angle2)) The r value confuses me here, because distributing it makes: (r*cos(angle2))(cos(angle1) - (r*sin(angle2))(sin(angle1)) How does this make sense? Why does the r distribute once
Carlos Reply
so good
this is an identity when 2 adding two angles within a cosine. it's called the cosine sum formula. there is also a different formula when cosine has an angle minus another angle it's called the sum and difference formulas and they are under any list of trig identities
strategies to form the general term
consider r(a+b) = ra + rb. The a and b are the trig identity.
How can you tell what type of parent function a graph is ?
Mary Reply
generally by how the graph looks and understanding what the base parent functions look like and perform on a graph
if you have a graphed line, you can have an idea by how the directions of the line turns, i.e. negative, positive, zero
y=x will obviously be a straight line with a zero slope
y=x^2 will have a parabolic line opening to positive infinity on both sides of the y axis vice versa with y=-x^2 you'll have both ends of the parabolic line pointing downward heading to negative infinity on both sides of the y axis
y=x will be a straight line, but it will have a slope of one. Remember, if y=1 then x=1, so for every unit you rise you move over positively one unit. To get a straight line with a slope of 0, set y=1 or any integer.
yes, correction on my end, I meant slope of 1 instead of slope of 0
what is f(x)=
Karim Reply
I don't understand
Typically a function 'f' will take 'x' as input, and produce 'y' as output. As 'f(x)=y'. According to Google, "The range of a function is the complete set of all possible resulting values of the dependent variable (y, usually), after we have substituted the domain."
Sorry, I don't know where the "Â"s came from. They shouldn't be there. Just ignore them. :-)
It is the  that should not be there. It doesn't seem to show if encloses in quotation marks. "Â" or 'Â' ... Â
Now it shows, go figure?

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