<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page > Tri-Gate Devices now in production.

While the advantages of Tri-Gate transistors have been studied and known for some time, adoption and implementation is driven ultimately by technology and

manufacturability, as well as cost-effectiveness.

The advanced state of semiconductor manufacturing at very small geometries (40 nm, 28 nm, 22 nm or 20 nm and beyond) requires research and development expenditures

that now limit this technology to a handful of companies with capital expenditure capabilities in the billions of dollars. As a result, only a handful of manufacturers are

able to capitalize on the known advantages of 3-D transistor technology. Intel Corporation is the only company to have made this design and manufacturing

transition in 22 nm technology, and can provide data on the overall maturity and

manufacturability of Tri-Gate transistors on a mass production scale. This data, as of

the first quarter of 2013, includes 100 million units of Tri-Gate transistor-based


Several known issues and characteristics of the 3-D gate structure have been

acknowledged and addressed to achieve manufacturing and design maturity with the

technology. These include the modeling of new parasitic capacitance values not

modeled in traditional planar designs, layout dependent effects, and the use of

double-patterning techniques using current lithographic equipment to form closely

spaced fins.

The electronic design automation (EDA) community is also an important factor in the maturity and usability of FinFET and Tri-Gate design technology to the

semiconductor designer. A great deal of publicity and user education is underway in

2013 by companies like Cadence and Synopsys revolving around the impact of

Tri-Gate rules and flexibility in the design of future semiconductor products.

Intel has maintained its leadership in innovation in technology process so as to maintain the march along the Road Map laid down by Moore’s Law. Figure 2.22 shows the technology innovation introduced by INTEL in last decade of Semiconductor Manufacturing history.

In February 2013, Altera and Intel Corporation jointly announced that the next generation of Altera’s highest performance FPGA products would be produced using

Intel’s 14 nm 3-D Tri-Gate transistor technology exclusively. This makes Altera the exclusive major FPGA provider of the most advanced, highest performance semiconductor technology available. Graphene Technology-the future generation IC enabler.

All this advancement and convergence in computation and communication was made possible due to scaling. But this is becoming more difficult as we go below 20nm process.[Hennessy, J; Patterson, De; “Computer Architecture”, 3 rd Edition, Morgan Kaufman Publishers, Amsterdam 2003].

According to International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) we have the projection as given in Table

Table Roadmap of CMOS Technology according to ITRS-2003

Year 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
L Gate (nm) 32 28 25 22 20 18 16 14 13 11 10 9
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Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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