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2.1.3.2. Tri-Gate Devices now in production.

While the advantages of Tri-Gate transistors have been studied and known for some time, adoption and implementation is driven ultimately by technology and

manufacturability, as well as cost-effectiveness.

The advanced state of semiconductor manufacturing at very small geometries (40 nm, 28 nm, 22 nm or 20 nm and beyond) requires research and development expenditures

that now limit this technology to a handful of companies with capital expenditure capabilities in the billions of dollars. As a result, only a handful of manufacturers are

able to capitalize on the known advantages of 3-D transistor technology. Intel Corporation is the only company to have made this design and manufacturing

transition in 22 nm technology, and can provide data on the overall maturity and

manufacturability of Tri-Gate transistors on a mass production scale. This data, as of

the first quarter of 2013, includes 100 million units of Tri-Gate transistor-based

products.

Several known issues and characteristics of the 3-D gate structure have been

acknowledged and addressed to achieve manufacturing and design maturity with the

technology. These include the modeling of new parasitic capacitance values not

modeled in traditional planar designs, layout dependent effects, and the use of

double-patterning techniques using current lithographic equipment to form closely

spaced fins.

The electronic design automation (EDA) community is also an important factor in the maturity and usability of FinFET and Tri-Gate design technology to the

semiconductor designer. A great deal of publicity and user education is underway in

2013 by companies like Cadence and Synopsys revolving around the impact of

Tri-Gate rules and flexibility in the design of future semiconductor products.

Intel has maintained its leadership in innovation in technology process so as to maintain the march along the Road Map laid down by Moore’s Law. Figure 2.22 shows the technology innovation introduced by INTEL in last decade of Semiconductor Manufacturing history.

In February 2013, Altera and Intel Corporation jointly announced that the next generation of Altera’s highest performance FPGA products would be produced using

Intel’s 14 nm 3-D Tri-Gate transistor technology exclusively. This makes Altera the exclusive major FPGA provider of the most advanced, highest performance semiconductor technology available.

2.1.3.3. Graphene Technology-the future generation IC enabler.

All this advancement and convergence in computation and communication was made possible due to scaling. But this is becoming more difficult as we go below 20nm process.[Hennessy, J; Patterson, De; “Computer Architecture”, 3 rd Edition, Morgan Kaufman Publishers, Amsterdam 2003].

According to International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) we have the projection as given in Table 2.1.3.8

Table 2.1.3.8. Roadmap of CMOS Technology according to ITRS-2003

Year 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
L Gate (nm) 32 28 25 22 20 18 16 14 13 11 10 9
←Bulk/PartiallyDepleted-SOI→
←Fully Depleted –SOI→
←Multi-gate→

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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Source:  OpenStax, Solid state physics and devices-the harbinger of third wave of civilization. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11170/1.89
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