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Natural sciences

Grade 4

Matter, substances and materials

Module 56

The value of building material as a resource

Activity:

To appreciate the value of materials as a resource in the building of houses

[lo 1.2.1, 2.2.1, 3.2]

Building materials

When a house is built the materials used are either natural or are manufactured. Here is a picture of a house. Colour in the natural materials yellow and the manufactured materials red.

Wood

One of the natural products that are used to build the house is wood.

Wood is a wonderful resource. Divide the class into six groups. Give three minutes to list everything that is made of wood in:

the classroom

your room at home

the sitting room in your house

the kitchen

on the school grounds

in the school hall

1. What conclusion can you draw from this?

My conclusion is

2. Write to SAPPI to ask for posters for your class.

Bricks

When a house is built most builders use bricks. Complete the following sentences by using the following words .

bulldozers, clay, straw, cheap, difficult, kiln, 10 000, India, bricks, machines, baked, wire, heavy, strong, easy, sun, harder, rots, mud, length

When a house is built builders must make a choice of what they will use to build with.

Stone is …………………. , expensive and ……………….. to work with and

wood ………………….. if one does not maintain it. But bricks can be made

from ………………. or ………………… which are easily obtainable. It is

usually fairly …………………. and …………………. to make bricks. Bricks

are easy to work with and make …………………………. walls.

About ……………….. years ago the first bricks were made in the Middle East.

They were made of mud baked in the sun. The brick makers soon discovered

that if bricks were ……………………. in a fire they became

……………………...

In countries like Malawi and ……………………… mud

bricks are still used. The mud is mixed with ……………………..

and then pressed together and left in

the ………………………………….. to dry.

At brick-kilns in our country so much clay is used that …………………………..

are need to move the clay. The clay is mixed in ………………………… and is

pressed into long tubes. ……………………….. cutters are used to cut the

tubes to the right ……………………..

The bricks are dried and then fired in a ………………….. Modern kilns can make up to 80 000 ……………………. a day.

To write with

Thousands of years ago people used all sorts of ways to write. They used materials from animals, stone, plants and clay. They wrote and drew on papyrus, bark, animal skins and stone.

Today it is much easier. We simply go to the shops and buy the most wonderful writing utensils. All of these are made of different kinds of matter.

Think of someone from the past who has fascinated you. Send a short SMS message to him or her to show how the technology of writing has changed over the years.

Write the message on the cell phone.

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS The learner will be able to act confidently on curiosity about natural phenomena, and to investigate relationships and solve problems in scientific, technological and environmental contexts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner

conducts investigations and collects data:

  • notes and remarks on obvious changes or interesting details.

LEARNING OUTCOME 2: CONSTRUCTING SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE The learner will know and be able to interpret and apply scientific, technological and environmental knowledge.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

  • categorises information: sorts objects and organisms by a visible property.

LEARNING OUTCOME 3: SCIENCE, SOCIETY AND THE ENVIRONMENT The learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the interrelationships between science and technology, society and the environment.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner

  • understands the impact of science and technology: identifies features of technological devices around him or her, and tells about their purpose and usefulness.

Memorandum

Building materials

  • Natural materials: colour in yellow.
  • Other materials: colour in red.

Bricks: Cloze Technique

  • Heavy,
  • difficult,
  • rotten,
  • mud,
  • clay,
  • cheap,
  • strong,
  • 10 000, baked, harder
  • India, straw, sun
  • Bulldozers, machine, wire, lengths
  • Kiln, bricks

To write with:

  • Children do not know the old ways of writing. If there is time read old-fashioned articles or stories and watch suitable videos.
  • You all know SMS messages well.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Natural sciences grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11096/1.1
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