# 4.6 Summary of functions

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This module provides a review of the binomial, geometric, hypergeometric, and Poisson probability distribution functions and their properties.
Formula

## Binomial

$X$ ~ $B\left(n,p\right)$

$X$ = the number of successes in $n$ independent trials

$n$ = the number of independent trials

$X$ takes on the values $x=$ 0,1, 2, 3, ..., $n$

$p$ = the probability of a success for any trial

$q$ = the probability of a failure for any trial

$p+q=1\phantom{\rule{15pt}{0ex}}q=1-p$

The mean is $\mu =\mathrm{np}$ . The standard deviation is $\sigma =\sqrt{\mathrm{npq}}$ .

Formula

## Geometric

$X$ ~ $G\left(p\right)$

$X$ = the number of independent trials until the first success (count the failures and the first success)

$X$ takes on the values $x$ = 1, 2, 3, ...

$p$ = the probability of a success for any trial

$q$ = the probability of a failure for any trial

$p+q=1$

$q=1-p$

The mean is $\mu =\frac{1}{p}$

Τhe standard deviation is $\sigma =\sqrt{\frac{1}{p}\left(\left(\frac{1}{p}\right)-1\right)}$

Formula

## Hypergeometric

$X$ ~ $H\left(r,b,n\right)$

$X$ = the number of items from the group of interest that are in the chosen sample.

$X$ may take on the values $x$ = 0, 1, ..., up to the size of the group of interest. (The minimum valuefor $X$ may be larger than 0 in some instances.)

$r$ = the size of the group of interest (first group)

$b$ = the size of the second group

$n$ = the size of the chosen sample.

$(n, r+b)$

The mean is: $\mu =\frac{nr}{r+b}$

The standard deviation is: $(\sigma , \sqrt{\frac{rbn\left(r+b-n\right)}{{\left(r+b\right)}^{2}\left(r+b-1\right)}})$

Formula

## Poisson

$X$ ~ $\text{P(μ)}$

$X$ = the number of occurrences in the interval of interest

$X$ takes on the values $x$ = 0, 1, 2, 3, ...

The mean $\mu$ is typically given. ( $\lambda$ is often used as the mean instead of $\mu$ .) When the Poisson is used to approximate the binomial, we use the binomialmean $\mu =np$ . $n$ is the binomial number of trials. $p$ = the probability of a success for each trial. This formula is valid when n is "large" and $p$ "small" (a general rule is that $n$ should be greater than or equal to $20$ and $p$ should be less than or equal to $0.05$ ). If $n$ is large enough and $p$ is small enough then the Poisson approximates the binomial very well. The variance is ${\sigma }^{2}=\mu$ and the standard deviation is $\sigma =\sqrt{\mu }$

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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