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English first additional language

Grade 4

Heroes and heroines

Module 42

Great heroes – ordinary people

Activity 1

To express own opinion and give reasons for it [lo 5.2.7]

Form groups of about five learners each and do the following:

1. Discuss what the “traditional” hero looks like, and how most people see him.

2. Collect pictures of these typical heroes and make a poster depicting the typical hero (e.g. a knight on a horse, etc).

3. Talk about “ordinary” heroes or heroines – people who don’t necessarily look strong, brave or beautiful, but who have inner strength. What makes them heroic? How do you feel about them?

4. Choose one “ordinary” person you know personally, or of whom you have heard or read, who is a hero/heroine in your eyes. Tell the rest of the class about him/her and explain why you respect and admire that person.

“Ordinary” people can be heroes, as you have just discovered. As they say, true greatness lies within. One such person is Natalie du Toit, a former Cape Town schoolgirl. Although she is an “everyday” person, she is truly extraordinary.

Natalie loved swimming. It had always been her dream to participate in the Olympic Games, and she stood a chance in 2000, but she narrowly missed being selected. Then fate seemed to strike a cruel blow. Early in 2001, just as she was leaving the Newlands swimming bath one morning round about seven o’ clock, a motorist smashed into her scooter. She was badly injured, and had to have her leg amputated. After her traumatic accident, her dreams of becoming a famous swimmer seemed to have been shattered. But she didn’t give up. She was determined to carry on with her life and to fulfil her dreams. She says that she “grew up” after the accident, and only then realised what life was really all about. Today she believes in making the best of every day, because one doesn’t know what tomorrow holds.

In August 2002 Natalie broke two world records at the Commonwealth Games in Manchester, England and won two gold medals: one in the 50m and another in the 100m freestyle race for disabled swimmers. This was the first time she had ever competed as a disabled athlete. She made sport history when she became the first disabled swimmer to compete against non-disabled athletes in the 800m freestyle finals in an open Commonwealth Games race.

Her positive attitude and determination won the hearts of the British people and her story was frequently front-page news in the newspapers. She was called the “real heroine” of the Games. This is what one of the papers had to say: “She is a heroine, stripped of all self-pity. The mere fact that she is swimming again, is a miracle.”

Natalie was one of eight young people from 54 Commonwealth countries to be included in an official publication to celebrate Queen Elizabeth II’s Golden Jubilee year. According to Buckingham Palace she inspires other people by proving that one can overcome stumbling blocks in one’s life.

Don’t you think that she is a real heroine?

Activity 2

To understand and use adverbs of frequency [lo 6.2.6]

Look at the following sentences and pay special attention to the words in bold print:

  • Her story was frequently front-page news in the newspapers.
  • Natalie hardly ever thinks of herself as being disabled.
  • She often competes against non-disabled swimmers.

These words in bold are called adverbs of frequency. They are adverbs, because they modify (“tell more about”) the verbs, for example:

She competes . (competes = verb)When (how frequently) does she compete? = often

They are special adverbs called adverbs of frequency, because they tell us how frequently it happens.

See if you can make two sentences containing each of these words or word groups. Use the sentences above as examples.

1. frequently:

(a) ………………………………………………………………………………………

(b) ………………………………………………………………………………………

2. hardly ever:

(a) ………………………………………………………………………………………

(b) ………………………………………………………………………………………

3 often:

(a) ………………………………………………………………………………………

(b) ………………………………………………………………………………………

Activity 3

To develop vocabulary [lo 6.6.4]

You know that a noun is a word that names things. Look at the following nouns:

  • motorist (someone who drives a motor-car)
  • swimmer (someone who swims)
  • athlete (someone who does athletics)
  • hero (someone who is heroic)

These nouns are words for people who do certain things.They are called agent nouns.

See whether you know the agent nouns for:

  1. A person who gardens
  1. A person who acts
  1. A person who plays the piano
  1. A person who is involved in politics
  1. A person who investigates cases for the police (he/she detects who committed the crime)
or

Can you see how the words are formed? Say / write something about it.

AND FINALLY, IF YOU STILL WANT TO DO SOMETHING……

Find out more about Nkosi Johnson, a most heroic little boy, and share his history in class…

Assessment

Learning outcome 3: reading and viewing

The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.5 reads for pleasure and information:

3.5.1 reads fiction and non-fiction books at an appropriate reading and language level.

Learning outcome 5: thinking and reasoning

The learner will able to use language to think and reason, and access, process and use information for learning.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

5.2 uses language for thinking:

5.2.7 expresses an opinion and gives a reason for it.

Learning outcome 6: language structure and use

The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language and interpret texts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

6.1 understands and uses some question forms, such as ‘Why didn’t ...?’, ‘Have you ever ...?’, ‘Do you think ...?’

6.2 uses the tenses introduced in the Foundation Phase to communicate orally and in writing, e.g.:

6.2.6 adverbs of frequency (e.g. She hardly ever visits me.);

6.6 develops own vocabulary:

6.6.4 understands between 2 000 and 3 500 common spoken words in context by the end of grade 4. Learners who will study some of the other learning areas through their additional language should aim at 3 500 words.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11093/1.1
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