Draw the graphs of
$y={2}^{x}$ and
$y={\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)}^{x}$ on the same set of axes.
Is the
$x$ -axis and asymptote or and axis of symmetry to both graphs ? Explain your answer.
Which graph is represented by the equation
$y={2}^{-x}$ ? Explain your answer.
Solve the equation
${2}^{x}={\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)}^{x}$ graphically and check that your answer is correct by using substitution.
Predict how the graph
$y=2.{2}^{x}$ will compare to
$y={2}^{x}$ and then draw the graph of
$y=2.{2}^{x}$ on the same set of axes.
The curve of the exponential function
$f$ in the accompanying diagram cuts the y-axis at the point A(0; 1) and B(2; 4) is on
$f$ .
Determine the equation of the function
$f$ .
Determine the equation of
$h$ , the function of which the curve is the reflection of the curve of
$f$ in the
$x$ -axis.
Determine the range of
$h$ .
Summary
Charecteristics of functions
1. dependent and independent variables2. domain and range
3. intercepts with axes4. turning points
5. asymptotes6. lines of symmetry
7. intervals on which the function increases/decreases8. continuous nature of the function
Dependent and independent variablesThe given or chosen x-value is known as the independent variable, because its value can be chosen freely. The calculated y-value is known as the dependent variable, because its value depends on the chosen x-value.
Domain and range
The domain of a relation is the set of all the x values for which there exists at least one y value according to that relation. The range is the set of all the y values, which can be obtained using at least one x value.
Set notation
A set of certain x values has the following form: {x : conditions, more conditions}
Interval notation
Here we write an interval in the form ’lower bracket, lower number, comma, upper number, upper bracket’
Intercepts with the axes
The intercept is the point at which a graph intersects an axis. The x-intercepts are the points at which the graph cuts the x-axis and the y-intercepts are the points at which the graph cuts the y-axis.
Turning points
Only for graphs of functions whose highest power is more than 1There are two types of turning points: a minimal turning point and a maximal turning point. A minimal turning point is a point on the graph where the graph stops decreasing in value and starts increasing in value and a maximal turning point is a point on the graph where the graph stops increasing in value and starts decreasing.
Asymptote
An asymptote is a straight or curved line, which the graph of a function will approach, but never touch.
Lines of symmetry
A line about which the graph is symmetric
Decreasing/increasing intervals
The interval on which a graph increases or decreases
Discrete and continuous nature
A graph is said to be continuous if there are no breaks in the graph.
Functions of the form y = ax + q
Straight lineTable summarising a and q
domain and range
Functions of the Form y = ax^2 + q
ParabolaTable summarising a and q
Domain is fixed, range variesTurning point present
Axis of symmetry through turning point
Functions of the Form y = a/x+q
Hyperbolic functionsTable summarising a and q
Domain and rangeAsymptotes
Functions of the Form y = ab^(x) + q
Exponential functionsTable summarising a and q
Domain fixed, range variesAsymptote
End of chapter exercises
Given the functions
$f\left(x\right)=-2{x}^{2}-18$ and
$g\left(x\right)=-2x+6$
Draw
$f$ and
$g$ on the same set of axes.
Calculate the points of intersection of
$f$ and
$g$ .
Hence use your graphs and the points of intersection to solve for
$x$ when:
$f\left(x\right)>0$
$\frac{f\left(x\right)}{g\left(x\right)}\le 0$
Give the equation of the reflection of
$f$ in the
$x$ -axis.
After a ball is dropped, the rebound height of each bounce decreases. The equation
$y=5\xb7{(0,8)}^{x}$ shows the relationship between
$x$ , the number of bounces, and
$y$ , the height of the bounce, for a certain ball. What is the approximate height of the fifth bounce of this ball to the nearest tenth of a unit ?
Mark had 15 coins in five Rand and two Rand pieces. He had 3 more R2-coins than R5-coins. He wrote a system of equations to represent this situation, letting
$x$ represent the number of five rand coins and
$y$ represent the number of two rand coins. Then he solved the system by graphing.
Write down the system of equations.
Draw their graphs on the same set of axes.
What is the solution?
Questions & Answers
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?