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Exponential functions and graphs

  1. Draw the graphs of y = 2 x and y = ( 1 2 ) x on the same set of axes.
    1. Is the x -axis and asymptote or and axis of symmetry to both graphs ? Explain your answer.
    2. Which graph is represented by the equation y = 2 - x ? Explain your answer.
    3. Solve the equation 2 x = ( 1 2 ) x graphically and check that your answer is correct by using substitution.
    4. Predict how the graph y = 2 . 2 x will compare to y = 2 x and then draw the graph of y = 2 . 2 x on the same set of axes.
  2. The curve of the exponential function f in the accompanying diagram cuts the y-axis at the point A(0; 1) and B(2; 4) is on f .
    1. Determine the equation of the function f .
    2. Determine the equation of h , the function of which the curve is the reflection of the curve of f in the x -axis.
    3. Determine the range of h .


  • Charecteristics of functions 1. dependent and independent variables2. domain and range 3. intercepts with axes4. turning points 5. asymptotes6. lines of symmetry 7. intervals on which the function increases/decreases8. continuous nature of the function
  • Dependent and independent variablesThe given or chosen x-value is known as the independent variable, because its value can be chosen freely. The calculated y-value is known as the dependent variable, because its value depends on the chosen x-value.
  • Domain and range The domain of a relation is the set of all the x values for which there exists at least one y value according to that relation. The range is the set of all the y values, which can be obtained using at least one x value.
  • Set notation A set of certain x values has the following form: {x : conditions, more conditions}
  • Interval notation Here we write an interval in the form ’lower bracket, lower number, comma, upper number, upper bracket’
  • Intercepts with the axes The intercept is the point at which a graph intersects an axis. The x-intercepts are the points at which the graph cuts the x-axis and the y-intercepts are the points at which the graph cuts the y-axis.
  • Turning points Only for graphs of functions whose highest power is more than 1There are two types of turning points: a minimal turning point and a maximal turning point. A minimal turning point is a point on the graph where the graph stops decreasing in value and starts increasing in value and a maximal turning point is a point on the graph where the graph stops increasing in value and starts decreasing.
  • Asymptote An asymptote is a straight or curved line, which the graph of a function will approach, but never touch.
  • Lines of symmetry A line about which the graph is symmetric
  • Decreasing/increasing intervals The interval on which a graph increases or decreases
  • Discrete and continuous nature A graph is said to be continuous if there are no breaks in the graph.
  • Functions of the form y = ax + q Straight lineTable summarising a and q domain and range
  • Functions of the Form y = ax^2 + q ParabolaTable summarising a and q Domain is fixed, range variesTurning point present Axis of symmetry through turning point
  • Functions of the Form y = a/x+q Hyperbolic functionsTable summarising a and q Domain and rangeAsymptotes
  • Functions of the Form y = ab^(x) + q Exponential functionsTable summarising a and q Domain fixed, range variesAsymptote

End of chapter exercises

  1. Given the functions f ( x ) = - 2 x 2 - 18 and g ( x ) = - 2 x + 6
    1. Draw f and g on the same set of axes.
    2. Calculate the points of intersection of f and g .
    3. Hence use your graphs and the points of intersection to solve for x when:
      1. f ( x ) > 0
      2. f ( x ) g ( x ) 0
    4. Give the equation of the reflection of f in the x -axis.
  2. After a ball is dropped, the rebound height of each bounce decreases. The equation y = 5 · ( 0 , 8 ) x shows the relationship between x , the number of bounces, and y , the height of the bounce, for a certain ball. What is the approximate height of the fifth bounce of this ball to the nearest tenth of a unit ?
  3. Mark had 15 coins in five Rand and two Rand pieces. He had 3 more R2-coins than R5-coins. He wrote a system of equations to represent this situation, letting x represent the number of five rand coins and y represent the number of two rand coins. Then he solved the system by graphing.
    1. Write down the system of equations.
    2. Draw their graphs on the same set of axes.
    3. What is the solution?

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Siyavula textbooks: grade 10 maths [ncs]. OpenStax CNX. Aug 05, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11239/1.2
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