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English first additional language

Grade 8

Celebrations

Module 18

Responding to texts

Activity 1:

To read a text (fiction) and read for information

[lo 3.1, 3.4.3]

We celebrate many different occasions. Among others, we celebrate events which are linked to our political history. One such day in South Africa is Youth Day. This day commemorates the tragic day when children risked their lives to fight against discrimination and racism.

  • In the following article, the youth tell us how they remember that day and also compare their expectations of the future with the reality of living in the new South Africa today.

The Long Walk Down Vilakazi STreet

The setting winter sun bathes the gently curving road, casting the children, the commuters and the face-brick houses in brilliant gold. In that instant, the narrow Soweto street appears welcoming and prosperous. However, this was not always the case in Vilakazi Street, Orlando West.

Twenty-five years ago, on 16 June, 1976, the street became a war zone when police opened fire on about 15 000 pupils demonstrating against Bantu education. In a day of violence, 23 people – including 13-year-old Hector Peterson – were killed and 219 injured. The violence sparked a popular uprising that eventually became known as the “Soweto riots”.

It was a day residents of Vilakazi Street had never expected to witness – and which they can never forget. “I got home from work about 6 pm. The tyres were burning. Cars were burning. The police were roaming around”, said Mxolisi Ngcoza, 47, who is now unemployed.

Ngcoza, who has lived in Vilakazi Street since 1964, said he had been aware from radio broadcasts that there had been “trouble” in the townships and that it was “bad”, but he had not been prepared for the magnitude of the violence.

Vilakazi Street – the only road in the world that boasts two Nobel Peace Prize Laureates in former President Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Desmond Tutu – was never the same. “The children had our support. They brought Soweto and our problems to the attention of the world. It was the same in 1984, 1985 and 1986. If it were not for them, I often think, what would have happened next? How much longer would we have waited?” says Bobby Makwetla, 59, a former Vilakazi Street resident.

Life in Vilakazi Street changed over the ensuing years. A tarred road replaced the gravel street, and bigger houses replaced council houses damaged in the 1976 clashes. A block of flats built by computer company IBM and fancy fences were added to the mix.

After a negotiated settlement and the election in 1994, the residents of Vilakazi Street had finally gained their freedom.

The standard of living has deteriorated because most people don’t have jobs,” said Shadrack Motau, a former IBM employee. Motau’s sentiments are echoed up and down the street, where many unemployed and desperate residents spend their days at home.

Yet Mafafane and Matau say that the struggle was not in vain. “It was worth every minute, despite the predicament the youth find themselves in.” Mafafane added: “We have freedom of expression and freedom of movement. Things have changed dramatically, even though they are not material things.”

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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