The geometric probability density function builds upon what we have learned from the binomial distribution. In this case the experiment continues until either a success or a failure occurs rather than for a set number of trials. There are three main characteristics of a geometric experiment.
There are one or more Bernoulli trials with all failures except the last one, which is a success. In other words, you keep repeating what you are doing until the first success. Then you stop. For example, you throw a dart at a bullseye until you hit the bullseye. The first time you hit the bullseye is a "success" so you stop throwing the dart. It might take six tries until you hit the bullseye. You can think of the trials as failure, failure, failure, failure, failure, success, STOP.
In theory, the number of trials could go on forever. There must be at least one trial.
The probability,
p , of a success and the probability,
q , of a failure is the same for each trial.
p +
q = 1 and
q = 1 −
p . For example, the probability of rolling a three when you throw one fair die is
$\frac{1}{6}$ . This is true no matter how many times you roll the die. Suppose you want to know the probability of getting the first three on the fifth roll. On rolls one through four, you do not get a face with a three. The probability for each of the rolls is
q =
$\frac{\text{5}}{\text{6}}$ , the probability of a failure. The probability of getting a three on the fifth roll is
$\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\left(\frac{1}{6}\right)$ = 0.0804
X = the number of independent trials until the first success.
You play a game of chance that you can either win or lose (there are no other possibilities)
until you lose. Your probability of losing is
p = 0.57. What is the
probability that it takes five games until you lose? Let
X = the number of games you play until you lose (includes the losing game). Then
X takes on the values 1, 2, 3, ... (could go on indefinitely). The probability question is
P (
x = 5).
Try it
You throw darts at a board until you hit the center area. Your probability of hitting the center area is
p = 0.17. You want to find the probability that it takes eight throws until you hit the center. What values does
X take on?
1, 2, 3, 4, …
n . It can go on indefinitely.
A safety engineer feels that 35% of all industrial accidents in her plant are caused by failure of employees to follow instructions. She decides to look at the accident reports (selected randomly and replaced in the pile after reading)
until she finds one that shows an accident caused by failure of employees to follow instructions. On average, how many reports would the safety engineer
expect to look at until she finds a report showing an accident caused by employee failure to follow instructions? What is the probability that the safety engineer will have to examine at least three reports until she finds a report showing an accident caused by employee failure to follow instructions?
Let
X = the number of accidents the safety engineer must examine
until she finds a report showing an accident caused by employee failure to follow instructions.
X takes on the values 1, 2, 3, .... The first question asks you to find the
expected value or the mean. The second question asks you to find
P (
x ≥ 3). ("At least" translates to a "greater than or equal to" symbol).
Questions & Answers
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest.
Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.?
How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.?
what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done
Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?