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Reflection must be coupled with the field experience. Rose (1992) stressed the importance of collaboration in the reflective process. Reflection must demonstrate a full knowledge and understanding of the learning experience and its learning objective. It must communicate the rationale for selecting the internship experience and must demonstrate achieving the learning outcome. If a reflection does not communicate learning, then it is not a successful reflection. A reflection should communicate knowledge and understanding of the learning outcome, choice of the artifact, alignment, organization, and development.

Expected outcomes

McREL identified 21 school-level leadership responsibilities with statistically significant correlations to student achievement. These 21 responsibilities do not represent all of the important responsibilities principals are expected to fulfill but do represent leadership responsibilities that when fulfilled skillfully, positively impact student achievement. (Marzano, Waters&McNulty, 2005; Waters&Grubb, 2005).

Leadership responsibilities
Responsibilities The extent to which the principal… Key feature
Fosters shared beliefs&a sense of community&cooperation Culture
Establishes a set of standard operating procedures&routines Order
Protects teachers from issues&influences that would detract from their teaching time or focus Discipline
Provides teachers with materials&professional development necessary for the successful execution of their jobs Resources
Is directly involved in design, implementation,&assessment of curriculum, instruction,&assessment practices Curriculum&Instruction
Establishes clear goals&keeps those goals in the forefront of the school’s attention Focus
Is knowledgeable about current curriculum, instruction and assessment practices Knowledge of curriculum
Has quality contact&interactions with teachers&students Visibility
Recognizes&rewards individual accomplishments Contingent rewards
Establishes strong lines of communication with teachers&among students Communication
Is an advocate&spokesperson for the school to all stakeholders Outreach
Involves teachers in the design&implementation of important decisions&policies Input
Recognizes&celebrates school accomplishments&acknowledges failures Affirmation
Demonstrates an awareness of the personal aspects of teachers&staff Relationship
Is willing to&actively challenges the status quo Change agent
Inspires&leads new&challenging innovations Optimizer
Communicates&operates from strong ideals&beliefs about schooling Ideals/beliefs
Monitors the effectiveness of school practices&their impact on student learning Monitors/evaluates
Adapts his or her leadership behavior to the needs of the current situation&is comfortable with dissent Flexibility
Is aware of details&undercurrents in the running of the school&uses this information to address current&potential problems Situational awareness
Ensures that faculty&staff are aware of the most current theories&practices&makes the discussion of these a regular aspect of the school’s culture Intellectual stimulation

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea handbook of online instruction and programs in education leadership. OpenStax CNX. Mar 06, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11375/1.24
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