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  • Recognition in terms of paragraph (i) must be consistent with this section and the other provisions of the Constitution.

FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, which includes –

  • freedom of the press and other media;
  • freedom to receive or impart information or ideas;
  • freedom of artistic creativity; and
  • academic freedom and freedom of scientific research.

The right in subsection (a) does not extend to –

  • propaganda for war;
  • incitement of imminent violence; or
  • advocacy of hatred that is based on race, ethnicity, gender or religion, and that constitutes incitement to cause harm.

ASSEMBLY, DEMONSTRATION, PICKET AND PETITION

  1. Everyone has the right, peacefully and unarmed, to assemble, to demonstrate, to picket and to present petitions.

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION

a) Everyone has the right to freedom of association.

POLITICAL RIGHTS

  1. Every citizen is free to make political choices, which includes the right –
  1. to form a political party;
  2. to participate in the activities of, or recruit members for a political party; and
  3. to campaign for a political party or cause.
  1. Every citizen has the right to free, fair and regular elections for any legislative body established in terms of the Constitution.
  2. Every adult citizen has the right –
    1. to vote in elections for any legislative body established in terms of the Constitution, and to do so in secret; and
    2. to stand for public office and, if elected, to hold office.

CITIZENSHIP

a) No citizen may be deprived of citizenship.

FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT AND RESIDENCE

  • Everyone has the right to freedom of movement.
  • Everyone has the right to leave the Republic.
  • Every citizen has the right to enter, to remain in and to reside anywhere in, the Republic.
  • Every citizen has the right to a passport.

FREEDOM OF TRADE, OCCUPATION AND PROFESSION

  1. Every citizen has the right to choose their trade, occupation or profession freely. The practice of a trade, occupation or profession may be regulated by law.

ENVIRONMENT

Everyone has the right –

  • to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being; and
  • to have the environment protected, for the benefit of present and future generations, through reasonable legislative and other measures that –
    • prevent pollution and ecological degradation;
    • promote conservation; and
    • secure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources while promoting justifiable economic and social development.

HOUSING

  1. Everyone has the right to have access to adequate housing.
  2. The state must take reasonable legislative and other measures, within its available resources, to achieve the progressive realisation of this right.
  3. No one may be evicted from their home, or have their home demolished, without an order of court made after considering all the relevant circumstances. No legislation may permit arbitrary evictions.

HEALTH CARE, FOOD, WATER AND SOCIAL SECURITY

  1. Everyone has the right to have access to –
    1. health care services, including reproductive health care;
    2. sufficient food and water; and
    3. social security, including, if they are unable to support themselves and their dependants, appropriate social assistance.
  2. The state must taken reasonable legislative and other measures, within its available resources, to achieve the progressive realisation of each of these rights.
  3. No one may be refused emergency medical treatment.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Lewensorientering graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11047/1.1
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