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3.1 reads spontaneously and often for pleasure and information across the range of texts studied, discusses personal response and the kinds of texts enjoyed and recommends texts to others:

3.4 shows understanding of information texts;

  • 3.4.1 identifies main ideas and explains how the details support the main idea;

3.7 analyses techniques used to create particular effects in visual, written and multimedia texts such as:

  • 3.7.2 the impact of design elements (e.g. type and position of artwork, use of colour);
  • 3.7.3 the impact of camera and film techniques (e.g. close-ups, zoom shots, camera angles, flashbacks);

3.9 discusses socio-cultural, environmental and ethical issues contained in texts and identifies the aspects of texts which carry the values related to them (e.g. content, language, artwork, point of view and characterisation).

LO 4


The learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

We know this when the learner:

4.1 writes a range of imaginative texts:

  • 4.1.2 to explore the creative, critical and playful use of language by means of narrative and descriptive compositions, dialogues, poems, songs and letters;

4.2 produces a range of factual written and multi-modal texts (texts using print and images) for various purposes, using a range of visual, and design elements where appropriate by means of recounts of events, research project reports, pamphlets, posters and book reviews;

4.3 demonstrates basic skills in a range of features of writing appropriate to the text type (e.g. reveals character, establishes the setting and develops the plot in narrative writing, and uses simple imagery in poetry);

4.4 uses the writing process collaboratively and independently to generate texts:

  • 4.4.8 publishes final product, paying attention to creative presentation and varied elements of design.

LO 5

Thinking and Reasoning

The learner will be able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.

We know this when the learner:

5.1 uses language to think and reason.

  • 5.1.1 applies thinking and reasoning skills in a variety of contexts across the curriculum;
  • 5.1.5 recognises and explains why information can be considered “factual” or “objective”;
  • 5.1.7 questions and infers to solve problems and develop thinking about complex issues, ideas and emotions (e.g. human rights issues, environmental issues, personal dilemmas, cross-curricular topics).

5.3 processes information;

  • 5.3.3 extracts and synthesises information, using listening, reading, writing and viewing skills.

We know this when the learner:

LO 6

Language Structure and Use

The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.

We know this when the learner:

6.1 works with words:

  • 6.1.2 creates personal spelling list and dictionary of words across the curriculum and discusses which words give problems;
  • 6.1.6 uses prefixes and suffixes to work out meaning.

6.2 works with sentences:

  • 6.2.6 uses a range of punctuation appropriately (e.g. comma to separate an introductory phase or clause from the main part of a sentence, and to separate phrases and clauses in a series).



  • ‘Hello. Is that Mr Ploughman? This is Mrs I. C. Yu speaking, from The People Paper. I believe you are building a new housing complex on the river-bank of the Ezengi River. I would like to know whether you have received permission from the local council to build there
  • and also whether you know that this is the home of the endangered Blue-headed Zinc. This is its only habitat. You will definitely send it into extinction.’
  • ‘Madam, we are not interested in the Blue-headed Zinc and, after all, housing is needed!’

‘Are you prepared to talk about it or are you going ahead anyway?’

‘We are too far gone with our plans. This is an expensive exercise, you know. We cannot just stop now!’

‘We shall bring a court interdict against you to stop you from proceeding and am just notifying you, in advance, that you will be receiving such a notice.’

‘Well, do not speak to me. Send the notice to Mr G. Reed. He is in charge.’

‘Thank you. I will do that!’


Ithaba said that that day he had seen a very strange animal. It had a l-o-n-g tongue which it whipped out to eat insects and when he placed it on different plants it changed colour. He wanted to know from Sakhela what it was called. Sakhela believed its name was ‘a chameleon’ and that the changing of colours helped it to camouflage itself. He continued that it was a harmless animal and very friendly, so encouraged him to look after it. Ithaba wondered whether Sakhela knew that it could also swivel its eyes around. He exclaimed that it really was an amazing creature. He felt that it was a pity that it moved so slowly because very often it was squashed by traffic. Sakhela agreed and added that if a motorist saw a chameleon – or even a tortoise – that he should return it to the vegetation on the side of the road. He felt it was not fair to keep animals like those in captivity. People kept strange animals to boost their own ego’s and had no feelings for the animals or their needs. Of course he agreed that there were exceptions, such as taking animals away from a war-torn area or rescuing an injured animal. But as soon as an animal was healed, he believed that it should be returned to the wild.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11041/1.1
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